3 Main Determinants of Food Choice

In: Social Issues

Submitted By alexchandler
Words 1334
Pages 6
Although choosing what food to eat it is not often viewed as more than an everyday mundane decision, the concept of food choice is ‘multifaceted, situational, dynamic, and complex’ (Sobal and Bisogni 2009, 38). We live in a society where the mass production of food has led to an extremely wide variety of choice in the foods we eat (Germov and Williams 2008, 10). Therefore, it is important that we understand the reasons for which we choose the food we eat, and to have an insight into the factors which dictate our food choices. There are three main factors which should be considered when making our food choices; biological determinants, economic and physical determinants and social determinants. These three broad factors will be discussed in relation to determining our personal food choice.

The biological determinants include physiological factors of the food itself, as well as our own personal hunger. Humans need energy and nutrients in order to survive and therefore the body’s physiological processes create a sensation of hunger and a subsequent need for food. Satiation occurs as food is being eaten which leads to satiety where food is no longer needed to be consumed (Bellisle 2005, par 4-7). The different nutrients in our foods cause the satiation process to vary in effectiveness. ‘Fat has the lowest satiating power, carbohydrates have an intermediate effect and protein has been found to be the most satiating’ (Stubbs et al. 1996, 409). Hunger and satiety therefore play a major role in the timing and size of meals and is therefore a major factor in our food choice.

Another aspect of the biological determinants of food choice are the sensory aspects involved and palatability. The pleasure a person experiences whilst consuming food is directly proportionate to its palatability. This is linked to the sensory aspects of food, including its taste, smell and…...

Similar Documents

3 Day Food Intake

...During my three-day food intake I learned about myself. There are many benefits of good nutrition. ”Medical Online” states “besides helping you maintain a healthy weight, good nutrition is essential for the body and all its system to function optimally for a lifetime.” A healthy diet promotes good sleep, gives the body what it needs to stay healthy, and provides energy. According to “Mealtime Memo” Good nutrition means getting the calories that we need for energy and the nutrients we need for proper growth. I’m learning that variety, balance, and moderation are the key to healthy nutrition. As I am learning what I should and should not eat I will like you to invite you to take a look at my food intake. This essay will converse about my intake of protein, carbohydrates, lipids, macronutrients intake ranges, fiber intake ranges, and dietary modifications based on three full days of my food intake. After recording my dietary intake for three days through the Wiley iProfile and reviewing the reports, I have found that this provides a better scope of my eating habits and the nutritional value in each thing I eat. According to the Wiley iProfile 2.0 (2010) I am within the recommended range for protein the range is from 68-240g and I only received 69g. I am on the lower end of the range. The main sources of protein recorded in my three-day study were yogurt, homemade spaghetti, lays potato chips sour cream and onions and McDonalds big Mac. All of the food that I ate seemed to......

Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

Is the Influence of Media on Our Food Choices a Good Thing?

...Food product choice can be overwhelming and is not made any easier with the influence of media advertisements by companies that want to sell their food products to us. There are many factors that we as consumers must take in to consideration. Do we accept that the advertisement is true, should we trust what is shown to us or should we research the product and compare the cost and nutritional value to other products on the market? Evidently, it’s up to consumer to make a decision on what they eat, nevertheless if we’re frequently exposed to food advertisements every time we read a glossy magazine or watch TV then we may be influenced in what we choose, especially when the advertisement is directed toward children . In this essay I will outline some influence towards one’s food choices and the links between media and children obesity and the effects television food commercials have on children’s food preferences. Food choices are influenced by vast quantity of interrelating factors and theory “it is not solely determined on physiological or nutritional” (Shepherd, 1999, p. 807). Other factor that may influence food choices are biological for example hunger, appetite and taste and then there economic and physical this may be prejudiced by the cost of the food and a individuals income the availably of food choice or education or the skill needed to cook the food. Psychological reason may have a effect on the food we eat for example what type of mood we in. when a we are stress...

Words: 1802 - Pages: 8

Factor Affects Our Food Choices

...Factors That Affect Our Food Choices. A group of friends goes out for lunch every Friday night. A Worker who is asked to explain why hot dogs are his favorite food says it has something to do with going to baseball game with his father. Student from china feels dissatisfied unless he eats a bowl of rice daily. Or a parent punishes a child for misbehaving by withholding ice-cream. What do these people have in common? They are all using food for something other than its nutrients value. Can you think of the holiday that isn’t celebrated with food? For most us food is worth more than a combination of nutrients it’s about the flavorsome, sweetness, celebration, joy-some all though there are a lot of factors that affect what we choose to consume especially in present time’s factors that affects person ability to make their food choices include, e.g. marketing and promotion of food products, economic status of the family, Comfort-or-discomfort of food towards the person, and we need to consider these factors when making our food choices. Firstly the most persuasive and influential factor that we need to consider when making food choices is marketing and promotion, nowadays advertising companies uses aggressive and deceptive advertising techniques to butter up people into buying their unhealthy and poor quality products which are high-fat and high-sugar. In a survey carried outside the market place found that around 70 percent of the consumer decides, what to buy while shopping......

Words: 1131 - Pages: 5

Food Choices

...Food choices are influenced by many factors, age, gender, friends, family, cultural background and where we live. But the main purpose of food is to nourish the body. There are a lot of factors to consider when making our food choices. The three most important factors are: * How the food is grown * Where the food is grown * Income The way food is grown influences how we make our food choices. Advertisement is commonly used to inform customers of how food is grown (NCBI 199) Advertising agents spend billions of dollars on advertising and packaging in order to capture the interest of the consumer. They use the power of persuasion to make whatever it is they are advertising very appealing, even if it means lying to customers. The advertising agents may advertise that the food had no preservatives or chemicals but in fact they do. As customers we believe what is said in the media and on the packaging because we expect the truth to be told. Some foods may be labelled locally grown, yet in actual fact the food has been imported from overseas or a different state. It’s important to consider how food is grown when making food choices. Most food nowadays is filled with a variety of chemicals to make the particular food grow at a rapid rate. An example would be chicken. Chickens are pumped with growth hormones for rapid growth so that the amount of chickens produced can meet the demands of consumers. However the media persists that the rapid growth of chicken is normal and...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Factors Affecting Food Choices

...source * Monopolistic competition-Has few to many sellers The product is seen as unique by some buyers, but not necessarily all A differentiated brand provides the firm with some control over pricing * Oligopoly-A few large suppliers dominate the market High barriers to entry The products are seen as similar; no supplier has an edge Each supplier knows what the others are charging Prices gravitate towards a common “market price” * Monopoly-one producer and source of supply unique product complete control over price no competitors 3. What are profits? Why are they important? * A profit is what remains after a business’s expenses have been subtracted from its revenues. * Rewards the owners of businesses for taking the risks involved in investing their time and money. 4. What’s the formula of businesses making money? * Revenue-Expenses=profit 5. What is outsourcing? Give 3 advantages. * paying suppliers & distributors to perform certain business processes . 6. Why is socio-cultural environment important for business firm? * The socio-cultural environment influences the customer preferences for goods and services, as well as the standards of business conduct that are seen as acceptable. 7. What is unemployment? * The level of joblessness among people actively seeking work in an economic system. 8. What is a horizontal merger? Vertical merger? Conglomerate merger? * Horizontal- direct competitors......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

What Are Three Main Factors We Should Consider When Making Our Food Choices?

...When choosing food, we are always considering factors that will ultimately influence our selection, whether it be how good the item will taste or will it look as good as it does on the packaging. We consider things like these during our purchases whether we’re aware of it or not which is why it’s more important now more than ever that when making food choices, we should consider factors not only consciously but also cautiously. There’re many factors that need to be considered that ideally guides us with making the right decision but these factors can be narrowed down to three. The three main factors that we should consider are those that regard, our health, the financial aspects of food and religious guidelines. We as individuals tend to prioritise one factor over the other. This results in some factors being seen as less relevant and neglected, and we will see just why it’s so important to consider these factors equally as in spite of the importance of these factors, we aren’t always diligent in tending to all of them with equal consideration. The first factor to be considered is our health. Naturally, we eat food to nourish ourselves and sustain our survival . It’s important to consider health and nutritional factors of the food items we choose to consume as ......

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Food Intake-3 Days

... Food Intake – 3 Days Edgar Burgos Cruz University of Phoenix SCI/220 Human Nutrition September 12, 2013 Prof. Pierre Edvrard Pharel Food Intake – 3 Days During this week, I Edgar Burgos had to conduct a food intake for 3 consecutive days. This paper will describe my nutritional endeavor for the past three days. I will provide different aspects of my nutritional needs and an in depth analysis on how proteins fats carbohydrates and fiber take part in my everyday diet and what are these functions. This is intended to broaden my views of a healthy lifestyle, and how to achieve it through a variety of food groups. During the 3 days food intake, I ate chicken, steak, beans, eggs and turkey which provided proteins. For carbohydrates I had: wheat bread, potatoes, lettuce, carrots, milk, apples, pasta, and white rice. Finally for lipids I had: vegetable oil, olive oil, regular butter and olives. My recorded protein, carbohydrates and lipids intakes are high compared to the recommendations of the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) for my body measurements. The DRIs are recommendations for the amounts of energy, nutrients, and other food components that healthy people should consume in order to stay healthy, reduce the risk of chronic disease, and prevent deficiencies (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2012). Since my carbohydrates, lipids and proteins are high, I recommend eliminating the steak and any parts of the turkey and chicken which produces excess of fat. I would add more organically......

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5

What Are Three Main Factors We Should Consider When Making Our Food Choices?

...Naomi 9 July 2014 What are three main factors we should consider when making our food choices? Food choice? What decides what we eat? Some people think that taste alone is the deciding factor for what they eat. Is this so? In reality, there are a lot of things to consider first, for example a persons religion, is it healthy, and can I afford it. So really “what to eat” is more of a cautious and conscious decision than a random one. Let us talk a little bit more about the choices that we make consciously and subconsciously regarding our food. The first factor we are going to consider is religion. When deciding food possibilities, Religion, along with culture, plays a big role in making the decision for what people are allowed to eat. In some countries and for some people it’s alright to eat beef, but for other people eating meat from a cow is a sin. Cultural and religious beliefs differ from one religion to another depending on the belief structure. Take Christianity for example, some Christians, have several feast and fast days during a year, and may fast from meat on particular days. Another example is the jewish religion, which has very structured dietary obligations. During the Passover feast every year jews are not allowed to eat bread containing yeast (leven) amongst other restrictions. In the Islamic religion all meat must be “HALAL” in other words, meat slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah. This is a small example of how religion......

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Food Intake 3 Day

...Food Intake Three-Day SCI/220 December 19, 2011 Laura Hatton Food Intake Three-Day Food intake consumed in one day is useful to record to note dietary habits, good, and bad, which are present. A record of three-day food consumption looks overwhelming in comparison. Evaluating three meals per day and snacks ingested is helpful to evaluate the effort made to eat healthier. The main portion of Proteins during the recorded three days comes from beef, yogurt, milk, beef jerky, peanut butter, and sea scallops. Carbohydrates come from oatmeal, sweet potatoes, yogurt, applesauce, pretzels, and grapes. Eleven percent of the carbohydrates come from oatmeal and grapes. The total lipid intake comes from peanut butter, blue cheese salad dressing, beef, and milk. According to the iProfile Daily Recommended Intake (DRI) (Wiley Plus, 2010), lipid intake should be within 53-93 g, and the personal intake is 31g. This is below the recommended requirement. Carbohydrate is extremely below the recommended DRI. 268-387g is the daily goal, and the intake is well below the recommendation at 85g. Protein intake is also below the DRI with a recommendation of 60-208g, the intake for three days is 50g. This is a concerning finding for the average person who is within the weight and height range. However, with this profile, for the height and current weight of the participant, oddly enough, the protein intake based on body weight is within limits. This would be appropriate to allow a weight loss...

Words: 2460 - Pages: 10

Food Choices

...overweight or obese children and adults in the population has increased while the numbers of lifestyle-related deaths have also increased. As Webb and Whitney (2008) argue, consumers today value convenience so highly that they are willing to spend over half of their food budget on meals that require little or no preparation. They regularly eat out, bring home ready-to-eat meals, or have food delivered. This trend is mainly influenced by the media which promotes such behaviors through commercials and popular programs and movies. The media is a major source of information and misinformation on nutritional sources. The media through advertising promotes unhealthy foods rich in sugars, fat, salt as the ideal food choices. According to Fettling, members of the public are regularly bombarded by messages about food in all forms of media: television, the internet, radio, newspapers, and magazines. Many of these messages revolve around food manufacturers marketing their products in the hope that the public will buy them. The manufacturers use very clever techniques such as jingles and claims about a food's special properties. Manufacturers spend a lot of money on advertising because it is a very effective influence on the food choices of viewers (Fettling 2005, 36). The effect of this advertising is very damaging on children and teenagers. This is firstly because children to do not understand that advertising is not necessarily meant to market a good product but might, instead, be......

Words: 1213 - Pages: 5

Food Intake - 3 Day

...Enter your food intake for 3 full days in iProfile by following the WileyPLUS® iProfile instructions. Save this information. Click on the Access to iProfile link. Write a 750- to 1,050-word paper that addresses the following points about your 3-day food intake: • Recorded intake of protein, carbohydrates, and lipids ◦ Which foods in your recorded daily intake provide protein? Which provide carbohydrates? Which provide lipids? ◦ Review how your recorded protein, carbohydrate, and lipid intake compares with the recommendations of the dietary reference intake. If your recorded protein-carbohydrate-fat intake was too high or too low, which foods might you add or remove to achieve your goal and keep other nutrients in balance? ◦ Is the protein in each food you ate complete or incomplete, combining to become complementary? Why is this important? ◦ How much of your daily recommended protein, carbohydrates, and lipid intake did you achieve? If your macronutrient intake is insufficient or excessive, what might you do to bring it into the recommended range? Provide specific recommendations. • Macronutrient intake ranges ◦ Is macronutrient intake within the recommended range important? What are the effects of too much or too little of a macronutrient? What happens if you consistently eat too little protein? What happens if you eat too few carbohydrates? What happens if you eat too few lipids? • Fiber intake ranges ◦ Does your fiber total meet 100% of the recommendation for......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

3 Day Food Intake

...The purpose of this assignment is to track and display the food choices we make and the way we eat affects our lifestyle and health. This paper addresses my personal food intake for the past three days. Next I will compare my food choices with my WileyPlus profile and determine whether I am maintaining healthy eating habits. There are foods that a person can eat in order to make sure that the daily required intake is being made. Sometimes it is really hard for a person like me to make sure I eat all the foods that I am supposed to so that I can consume all the nutrients that my body needs in a day. I know I will need to modify my eating habits along with exercising to complete a lifestyle change. Three Day Intake Foods recorded in my daily intake that provided protein were chicken and eggs. The foods that provided carbohydrates in my daily intake that was recorded were, bread, sprite, chicken and salad dressing. In the recorded food intake the foods that provided lipids were salad dressing, eggs, pizza, and chicken. Although these are three different groups of nutrients most of the foods listed are the same and they provide all three nutrients or at least two of them. Proteins, Carbohydrates and Lipids My average recorded protein, carbohydrate and lipid intake compared to the recommendations of the DRI were not completely met. My average recorded protein intake was 63g and the recommended intake based on my body weight was 77g. My protein intake was still within the...

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

3 Day Food Intake

...3 Day Food Intake I will be discussing my three day food intake and putting it into perspective. I don’t fully agree with the result of the intake profile due to the lack of actual tools to truly add a person actual intake. I have recorded a three day food intake from March 14, 2014 to March 16, 2014 for the purpose of this report using Wiley Plus and Iprofile. The three day food intake gives a closer look at the nutritional value of the food I eat in my current diet. Furthermore I will be specifically discussing the intake of my protein, carbohydrates, lipids and fiber in my recorded three day food intake. Protein is needed by the body to help build muscle, but it is much more than that. Protein is in all your cells, accounting for you tissues and organs in the body. When you have too little protein your body starts to break down. Your body start taking the protein from your muscles to get the protein it needs. The organs and bones will be put at risk as well as a compromise immune function. Compared to fat and carbohydrate, protein is the most satiating of the macronutrients, meaning it will help fill you up and keep you feeling full so you avoid overeating and food cravings (Shade 2014). When you eat too much protein your body could raise your risk of serious diseases including cancer, heart disease, and liver or kidney problems. Partially, that is because so many protein-rich foods are also high in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium, all of which can enhance risk......

Words: 1448 - Pages: 6

Imigration Ipact on Food Choice

...Immigration impact on food choice in Ireland In my essay on how immigration impacts food choice in Ireland, I will be discussing different advantages and disadvantages of immigration ant its impact on the country. However not only about the food choice, but also on how immigration reflected on eating habits of people living in Ireland as well as the differences between earlier ages when immigration was not a common thing and immigrants did not have a big influence in the country as in nowadays when immigration is spreading all over the world, especially after Europe Union has been created, now immigration has big influence on every aspect in the county, especially in food culture. “Food has many roles to play for consumers: it is functional (sustaining life); it plays a key role in our celebrations; it is a conduit for socializing; it is entertaining; it is sensuous and sensual; and it is a way of experiencing new cultures and countries”. (R. Michel & C. Hall, 2003, pg 60). In these days we hardly can imagine our life without different foreign cousins, like for example Chinese, Indian, French, Italian and etc... But we hardly ever think how and why we have such a big variety of food nowadays, and mainly it is because of immigration. As we all already know from media and newspapers that since Ireland became a member of Europe union back in 2002 immigration start growing really fast. For example according to the European magazine that already in 2005 it was estimated...

Words: 1625 - Pages: 7

Food Intake 3 Days

...body, helps the body regulate hormones and enzymes. Proteins are what gives the body a source of energy. When it comes to carbohydrates this is where I get my main source of energy that is broken down into glucose (sugar) which is used for my energy. Carbohydrates play a huge role in helping to keep my nervous system, brain, and muscles to function properly. I learned that with the right amount of carbohydrates, proteins, or lipids that this will help to promote a healthy and high function body. I will be discussing throughout my paper my three-day food intake of what proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids that I had. Over the three days the results took me by surprised because, I felt as I didn’t eat foods that was very nutritious. My protein intake was above the recommend amount but my carbohydrates could have been better. I feel as if I didn’t incorporate enough vegetables within the three days like I should have. My daily recommendations for my DRI was 3232 kilocalories and 2548 kcals of carbohydrates. I was very much so surprised that I reached the recommend range for my intake carbohydrates 392 g. My DRI for protein was reached within a reasonable range at 118 g. The three days of food intake provided me with the right amount of carbohydrates and proteins. My fiber intake was at 26 g. I feel as if I needed more foods that were he...

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Hallowee...S.LD.x264-CARTEL | Gnome Alone | Watch now!