In: Business and Management

Submitted By mantumurmu
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The world aluminium market in 2007 was expected to end with a surplus of 42,000 tonnes against the estimated shortage of 372,000 tonnes in the preceding year. Global demand for primary aluminium was expected to grow 5.8% in 2007 and 6.0% 2008, while the global supply was expected to rise 7.0% in 2007 and 6.9% in 2008, a result of rapid expansion of the industry in China.
The worldwide capacity to produce alumina was placed at around 80 mn tonnes in 2007 and was slated to touch 100 mn tonnes in 2010. Alumina accounts for about 22% of the cost in the production of aluminium.
India's share in world aluminium market is estimated at around 3%. India ranks fifth in bauxite production after Australia (62 mn tonnes), Guinea (17.50 mn tonnes), Brazil (16.20 mn tonnes) and China (10.75 mn tonnes). With a total output of 9.25 mn tonnes, the country contributes about 6% of the world's total production of 159 mn tonnes, India holds the fifth position in reserves base and is ahead of China with 2300 mn tonnes. India ranked seventh in alumina production with a total output of 3 mn tonnes, a share of nearly 5% of the global production of 61 mn tonnes.
The per capita consumption of aluminium in India continues to remain abysmally low at under 1 kg as against nearly 25 to 30 kg in the US and Europe, 15 kg in Japan, 10 kg in Taiwan and 3 kg in China.
Aluminium has a wide range of applications, from aircraft building to packaging, a major consumer being the electrical industry. The two sectors, electricity and transportation, account for more than half of the total offtake.
The key consumer industries in India are power, transportation, consumer durables, packaging and construction. Of this, power is the biggest consumer (about 44% of total) followed by infrastructure (17%) and transportation (about 10% to 12%). However, internationally, the pattern of consumption…...

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