Business Management Styles

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sengle
Words 1213
Pages 5
Management can be described as ‘getting things done through people'. This means that there must be a manager to control and motivate these people or human resources. While there are many different styles of managers and management techniques the management theories are most important. Management theories describe certain behaviours that are renowned for achieving the goals of the business. The four main management theories are classical-scientific, behavioural, political and contingency. These all have various styles, outcomes and have many similarities and differences when put into practice in a business environment.

The Classical-Scientific theories of management developed in the late 19th and early 20th Century. Most of the workforce was inexperienced and uneducated so they had little managing experience. Democracy was not fully developed so as a result most owners and managers ruled with an ‘iron hand' and rarely consulted employees. Though from these roots many different management techniques and styles sprouted which would form the basis of management today. These include Hierarchical structure of organisation, Division of Labour, and Autocratic and Authority styles of management.
Hierarchical structure of organisation is the tradition form of organising a business. This can be best displayed in a shape of a pyramid, with the owner, CEO or Board of Directors at the top. This top level of management is concerned with planning organising and controlling. They are usually required to develop long and short term strategic plans to achieve the business objectives. They are also responsible for any change to the business such as a change in the Prime Function or introduction of a new product line. The second stage is the Middle Management which coordinates the activities of supervisors. It prepares policies and plans, and has the responsibility for its budgets…...

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