Caring for Populations: Assessment and Diagnosis

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Caring For Populations: Assessment and Diagnosis
Jacqueline West
Chamberlain College of Nursing
NR443 Community Health Nursing
Winter 2013

Caring for Populations: Assessment and Diagnosis According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), more than one-third of adult Americans were classified as obese in 2010 (Ogden et al, 2012). Obesity on a national level tends to effect men and women equally. The NCHS also states that 17% of children and adolescents were obese in 2010. Being that obesity is a risk factor for many diseases, mainly cardiovascular disease and diabetes, the purpose of this paper is to assess obesity in a selected community. Understanding the correlation between obesity, communities’ resources and risk factors, and other chronic diseases could lead to community education and more importantly disease prevention. For the purpose of this paper the community selected is Rock Hill, South Carolina. This is a small city located south of Charlotte North Carolina. Rock Hill is convenient to many school, hospitals, churches, and parks. According to the city of Rock Hill’s official webpage (www.cityofrockhill.com) the city has thirty-one parks, four recreation centers, sixteen gyms/healthclubs, and approximately 400-acres of open natural space for exploration. According to the Census Bureau’s webpage, in 2010 Rock Hill’s population was 66,154 people and the median household income was $38,331. Whites accounted for 52.3% of the population, blacks 38%, and Hispanic 5.7 percent. Only 9% of the population was educated at a graduate level, 24% at a bachelorette level, and 75% of Rock Hill’s population had a high school diploma or higher. In 2011 the crime level was at 410.8, with 319.1 being the national average. The unemployment rate for Rock Hill in August of 2012 was 13% compared to the rate for the state of South Carolina at…...

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