Child Adolescent Development

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Submitted By petrasmith925
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When having a new baby the most important thing is your baby health. For 39 weeks you as a mother constantly watch what you eat and maintaining a healthy environment. From the Germinal stage until the fetal stage your worse fear is your fetus facing any reproductive challenges. Technology today has provided so many different types of testing to detect any early signs of abnormalities. Ultrasound imaging is commonly used and don’t seem to have any ill effect on the fetus. This test allows you to observe the fetus coordination and movements. During you first trimester (between 11 &13 weeks) you normally have what physician call a combined test. This includes an ultrasound testing and a blood sample to test the HCG and PAPP-A protein. The HCG may increase while the PAPP-A decreases when a women is carrying a fetus with Down syndrome. Another screening called, Alpha-Fetoprotein Test (AFP) can be done in the second trimester (17-20 weeks). AFP can also be used to detect Down syndrome and neural tube defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly. Amniocentesis is a parental test that uses a sample of the amniotic fluid. The amniotic fluid can be used to detect more than 100 genetic disorders, including Tay-Sachs disease, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, and hemophilia. Lastly Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a technique where fetal tissues are collected from membrane that surrounds the fetus. CVS can be used to diagnose chromosomal, metabolic, and blood-borne conditions.

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder and a condition that cannot be physically passed around like a disease. It is inherited from your parents. We normally have 23 pairs of chromosomes, each made up of genes. The cells of a person with Down syndrome only have 21 chromosomes. While the fetus with Down syndrome is developing, its body cells do not make a replica as fast. In addition this…...

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