Corporation Law

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Submitted By marnie
Words 10455
Pages 42
Question 1
1. The principle or rule known as the maintenance of share capital is based on the need to protect shareholders and creditors. Share capital is the contribution made by shareholders by subscribing shares of the company. A company’s creditors can only look to the share capital for the payment in the event of a winding up. To protect creditors, a general rule known as the rule in Trevor v Whitworth was developed to prohibit a company from reducing its share capital because a reduction in capital would prejudice the rights of creditors. Moreover, the reduction would in effect diminish the pool of funds available to the company to pay its creditors. The rule in Trevor v Whitworth has been incorporated into Ch 2J of the Corporations Act 2001.Certain provisions of the Corporations Law 2001 seek to enforce the rule Trevor v Whitworth. There are a few Sections of the Corporations Act 2001 that enforce the maintenance of capital principle (or the rule of Trevor v Whitworth). Section 254T of the Corporations Act 2001 stated that a dividend may only be paid from profits. The Section 254T of the Corporations Act 2001 states that a company must not pay a dividend unless: the company’s assets exceed its liabilities before the dividend is declared and the excess is sufficient for the payment of the dividend, and; the payment of the dividend is fair and reasonable to the company’s shareholders as a whole and; the payment of the dividend does not materially prejudice the company’s ability to pay its creditors. This means that a dividend can be sourced otherwise than from profits.
Moreover, Section 259 A of the Corporations Act 2001 prohibits self-acquisition. A company directly acquiring its own shares is prohibited. Nevertheless, this prohibition is subject to exceptions where a company is allowed under Section 257A of the Corporations Act 2001 to buy back shares if:…...

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