Cowardice in a&P

In: English and Literature

Submitted By benrem
Words 619
Pages 3
Ben Cowardice in A&P

What Sammy does at the end of the short story, A&P, may sound heroic and valiant, but it was actually cowardly of him to quit his job. When the girls walk into the store, Sammy is taken aback by their beauty and later tries to stand up for them by quitting his job. It shows a lack of commitment if Sammy is that easily persuaded to quit his job. Although Sammy thinks of himself as the unexpected hero in the story, nevertheless, he is just a boy trying to impress some girls with his audacity.

Sammy is cowardly because he is running from his problems: a bland life. Sammy doesn’t want to live a bland life; he is living a monotonous life as a clerk at a general store. Every single day he is stuck behind a cash register ringing people up. His town is nothing exciting, “we’re north of Boston and there’s people in this town haven’t seen the ocean for twenty years”(340). His town is a typical small village in New England. People congregate in the summer, but come winter and there is nobody around. He wants to escape the monotony of his career and his life, so when the girls come around, he is instantly thinking they live a more eclectic lifestyle, “I slid right down her voice into her living room. Her father and the other men were standing around in ice-cream coats and bow ties and the women were in sandals picking up herring snacks on toothpicks off a big glass plate and they were all holding drinks the color of water with olives and sprigs of mint in them”(341-342). This entices Sammy to impress the girls because he imagines them living the opposite of a monotonous and bland life, which eventually makes Sammy quit his job. It is also enticing to Sammy because he would move up in the social classes. Right now, Sammy is in the working class because he is working hard for his money and he most likely will be working for the rest of…...

Similar Documents

A & P Summary

...John Updike's short story "A&P" is about a teenager who has to make a serious decision. The story is set in an A&P supermarket in a town north of Boston, probably about the year 1960. As the plot unfolds, Sammy changes from being a thoughtless and sexist boy to being a young man who can make a decision, even though it might hurt him. Sammy tells us he is nineteen years old. He is a check-out clerk in the local A&P, where the boss, Lengel, is a friend of Sammy's parents. Sammy does not seem to like his job very much. He calls one of his customers a "witch" and says the other customers are "houseslaves" and "sheep." He himself comes from a middle-class family. When they have a party, he says, they serve "lemonade and if it's a real racy affair Schlitz in tall glasses with 'They'll Do It Every Time' cartoons stencilled on" (15). In addition, Sammy is sexist. He gives long, loving descriptions of the girls who cause all the trouble, and he thinks at first that girls may not even have minds, asking, "do you really think it's a mind in there or just a little buzz like a bee in a glass jar?" (13) However, he does change as the plot goes on. The plot of the story deals with three girls who come into the store dressed only in bathing suits. They make their entrance in the very first sentence, and they complicate Sammy's life. At first, Sammy, his older friend Stokesie, and McMahon the butcher all look at the girls lustfully. But of them all, only Sammy......

Words: 636 - Pages: 3

A&P and Araby

...A&P and Araby John Updike's A & P and James Joyce's Araby share many of the same literary traits. The primary focus of the two stories revolves around a young man who is compelled to decipher the different between cruel reality and the fantasies of romance that play in his head. That the man does, indeed, discover the difference is what sets him off into emotional collapse. One of the main similarities between the two stories is the fact that the main character, who is also the protagonist, has built up incredible,yet unrealistic, expectations of women, having focused upon one in particular towards which he places all his unrequited affection. The expectation these men hold when finally "face to face with their object of worship" (Wells, 1993, p. 127) is what sends the final and crushing blow of reality: The rejection they suffer is far too great for them to bear. Updike is famous for taking other author's works and twisting them so that they reflect a more contemporary flavor. While the story remains the same, the climate is singular only to Updike. This is the reason why there are similarities as well as deviations from Joyce's original piece. Plot, theme and detail are three of the most resembling aspects of the two stories over all other literary components; characteristic of both writers' works, each rendition offers its own unique perspective upon the young man's romantic infatuation. Not only are descriptive phrases shared by both stories, but parallels occur with...

Words: 7200 - Pages: 29

P Arithmetics

...= 0.001 tol = 0.0001 # steps ___ time = ___ Matrix after you stop iterations: # steps ___ time ___ # steps ___ time ____ Page 3 of 4 26. QR Method, Eigenvalues – J.M. Day Jan. 02 Note1. You can do this project without Lay's Toolbox First type in the matrices yourself. The following commands . will accomplish the basic QR method used in question 3, for an nxn matrix A. B = A; bound = 0.001; p = 0; num = 200; while max(max(abs(tril(B,-1)))) > bound % test size of entries in lower triangle [Q R] = qr(B); B = R*Q; p = p+1; if p > num, break, end % break out of while loop end % while p, B The following lines will accomplish the shift-deflate algorithm used in question 5, for an nxn matrix A. B = A; bound = 0.001; p = 0; num = 20; for i = n:-1:2 % work from row n to row 2 B = B(1:i,1:i); % deflate while max(max((abs((B(i,1:i-1))))) > bound % test size of entries in row i, up to the diagonal [Q R] = qr(B-B(i,i)*eye(i)); B = R*Q + B(i,i)*eye(i) ; p = p+1; if p > num, break, end % break out of while loop end % while A(1:i,1:i) = B; % store B in upper left corner of A end % for p, A Note 2. Remarks about convergence. There is an excellent discussion of the theory of the QR method in Understanding the QR Algorithm, by D. Watkins, SIAM Review 24 (1982), pp. 427-440. This paper explains the geometric meaning of the algorithm and how it is an extension of the power method. (The power method is presented in Section 5.7 in Lay's text.) Briefly, the following things are true about......

Words: 2445 - Pages: 10

The a & P Summary

...Manouchka St. George Professor Jonas ENG 113 June 4, 2013 Theme: “A & P” “A & P” by John Updike, is a short story presenting the main idea of man’s struggle to conquer individuality within society. Throughout the story, Updike uses symbolism to enhance the theme and focuses on one character, Sammy, a cashier who is enlightened by three girls breaking a store rule. Sammy symbolizes man’s discontent with the norms of society. This is evident in his sharp and critical observations about the people around him. His sarcastic wit also reveals his frustration. Sammy wants more out of life than being a checker of a small town supermarket job. He does not want to become like Lengel, the store manager, who enforces company standards regardless of the situation. Sammy, the narrator, is introduced as a grocery checker and an observer of the store's patrons. He finds himself fascinated by a particular group of girls. Assuming that they are just in from the beach, although there is not one close by, and still in their bathing suits, they are a stark contrast, to the otherwise plain store interior. As they go about their errands, Sammy observes the reactions, of the other customers, to this trio of young women. He uses the word "Sheep" to describe the store regulars, as they seem to follow one and other, in their actions and reactions. The girls, however, appear to be unique in all aspects of their beings, from walking, down the aisles to against the grain by going barefoot and in......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Updike a&P

...Updike’s A&P Sample Writing – Alternate Ending Page 8, Last Paragraph I look around for my girls, and to my surprise, they were waiting for me outside the A&P. As Queenie started to walk up to me I noticed some young married screaming with her children about some candy they didn't get by the door of a powder-blue Falcon station wagon. I couldn’t believe that Queenie and her lackey’s were actually going to speak to me. “Thanks for standing up for us but you didn’t have to quit your job.” “It’s no big deal, it’s not like I was trying to make a career out working at the A&P.” “Well since you are no longer working, would you like to join us and go for a swim?” “Sure, I have no plans since I was scheduled to work till 7.” As we started to walk towards the girl’s car, I couldn’t help but look back in the big windows, over the bags of peat moss and aluminum lawn furniture stacked on the pavement, I could see Lengel in my place in the slot, checking the sheep through. I thought to myself there has to be more to life than that. I could not imagine my life ending up the way Lengel’s life was, always slaving away at the A&P and becoming so narrow minded as to refuse business because of the way someone was dressed. Why be so rude about it? Obviously he was just a miserable human being and misery loves company. This was going to be a new start for me. Something great was coming my way but I was unsure of what it could be but I can’t wait to embrace life and all it...

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

A & P Pov

...William Pasquin 9-20-13 Point of View The Teenage Point of View A teenager’s mind is very different than everyone else’s. They are very unpredictable and crazy. A & P is a story that exemplifies this. The main character Sammy makes the reader feel as if you are in his shoes. That is great first person writing. The great detail and setting help to better understand the story. If this story were written in third person, it would be very insignificant. When written in first person you can see how Sammy wants to be a part of the outside world and feels the need to fit in. As a narrator, Sammy is quite reliable as he says everything that he is thinking. The reader has a limited perspective. This gives a great character development. Sammy puts everything out there for us to grab. His descriptions were amazing, and anything out of the ordinary was just said by Sammy. Just like when he described the girls. He talked about how they all looked and that there was one called: “Queenie”. Also that she was the leader of the wolf pack. Sammy described their bathing suits and how they looked in them. You really can’t get more descriptive than this. He was the only one who actually liked the girls. They were a The girls would be thought of a little more negatively if the point of view were by someone else. This is the one sided teenage mind at work. On the contrary, if this story were written in third person we would not get a taste of the whole story. ......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

P-Ralific

...331–335) * The CIA organized the January 1953 Robertson Panel of scientists to debunk the data collected by the Air Force's Project Blue Book. This included an engineering analysis of UFO maneuvers by Blue Book (including a motion picture film analysis by Naval scientists) that had concluded UFOs were under intelligent control and likely extraterrestrial. * Extraterrestrial "believers" within Project Blue Book included Major Dewey Fournet, in charge of the engineering analysis of UFO motion, who later became a board member on the civilian UFO organization NICAP. Blue Book director Edward J. Ruppelt privately commented on other firm "pro-UFO" members in the USAF investigations, including some Pentagon generals, such asCharles P. Cabell, USAF Chief of Air Intelligence who, angry at the inaction and debunkery of Project Grudge, dissolved it in 1951, established Project Blue Book in its place, and made Ruppelt director.[43] In 1953, Cabell became deputy director of the CIA. Another defector from the official Air Force party line was consultant Dr. J. Allen Hynek, who started out as a staunch skeptic. After 20 years of investigation, he changed positions and generally supported the ETH. He became the most publicly known UFO advocate scientist in the 1970s and 1980s. * The first CIA Director, Vice Admiral Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, stated in a signed statement to Congress, also reported in the New York Times, February 28, 1960, "It is time for the truth to be......

Words: 5830 - Pages: 24

Summary of a&P

...At the very beginning of the story, the protagonist of the story who is named Sammy sees three girls walking into the A&P supermarket just wearing bathing suits. Then there’s a episode. Sammy makes a mistake when a woman check out and is blamed for that. Next, Sammy pays his attention to the three girls again. The first girl is short and fat, and another tall girl has a little ugly black hair. Sammy thinks one of these girls wearing high-heeled shoes and dirty bathing suits is the queen. She leads the other two. The three girls walk around the supermarket. A man named Stokie has been married thinks that the town is far away form a beach so these girls do not have to wear like this to come into a supermarket. Then the manager of the supermarket named Lengel appears. He embarrasses these girls and says, “girls, this is not beach” three times. Lengel claims this is a policy that people should wear right to come into the supermarket.“The queen” feels ashamed and angry. Next, The three girls go out of the supermarket quickly. Almost meanwhile, Sammy says “ I quit” loudly and he hopes girls can hear him. However, Sammy does not make it. After these girls leave, Sammy tells Lengel that he thinks Lengel do not have to embarrass these Girls like this. And Sammy insists on quiting his job even though Lengel, who has been friends with Sammy’s parents for many years persuades him not to do this. (word count:266 )...

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

A&P Characters

...Sammy’s job as a19 year old boy is to check out groceries at the local grocery store called “A&P”, with his friend Stokesie, who is 22 and married with two kids. One afternoon, three young girls walk into the store barefoot and in their bathing suit. Sunny describes the first girl as “chunky, with the two piece..” (Updike 1110), and the second girl as one with “chubby berry-faces, with lips all bunched under her nose” (Updike 1110) and “the kind of girl other girls think is very striking and attractive” (Updike 1111). The third girl is the girl Sammy likes a lot and enjoys watching. She was not so tall and “was the queen” (Updike 1111). She wore her straps down off her bathing suit and had long prima-donna legs and pale skin. Her name was Queenie, so they referred to her as. She was always in the middle and leading the way with her two girl friends following her side. The two boys were so shocked that these three girls came into their store in their bathing suit because their store was five miles away from the beach in the middle of town. They enjoyed watching them walk up and down the aisle though comparing it to a “pinball machine, not knowing what aisle they would come out of” (Updike 1112). As the girls walked up to the checkout, their manager, Lengel, stops the girls and confronts them about their inappropriate attire and tells them next time to come in with their shoulders covered because it the store’s policy. The relationship of the boy, Sammy and his manager,......

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

A&P Contrast

...“A&P” and “Gryphon” have two very unique story plots yet they seem to resemble one interesting characteristic that develops throughout the story leading to an interesting turn of events. The stories are both told in first person narrative and have a sort of interesting rebellious appeal to them. It begins with the contrast between the stories plot development but leads to a troublesome “fork in the road” type scenario that puts an interesting twist onto the conclusion of the story. Some may see rebelliousness as acting against the norm but “John Updike” the author of A&P tells a tale of how two different sets of people both defy society and begin paving a way of change into the new generation. “Gryphon’s” story set is told from how a change in the way we think may leave us changing the way we live our lives. The stories may seem to have different alternatives overall but the way they are portrayed by the authors have a similar comparative aspect that can be looked at from both angles regardless of the storyline. When someone seems destined to choose a different path in life often times people may see this person as an outcast or indifferent to some. In A&P Sammy seems to not to be fulfilled with the way he spends his dull uneventful youth life ultimately leading to the defiance and betrayed to his boss over a deemed inappropriate act. “"Is it done?" he asks, the responsible married man finding his voice. I forgot to say he thinks he's going to be manager some......

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Form P

...Filing process General Q1. Do I have to file Form P this year? A1. If you received Forms/letters for this year's tax filing for Form P, you have to submit the Income Tax Form or e-File Form P even if there is no business activity for the Year of Assessment. Back to Top Q2. I received hardcopy Form P for my partnership. As the Precedent Partner, can I e-File? A2. Yes if your business has not ceased operation. If you are a Singapore NRIC / FIN holder, you can log in to myTax Portal with your SingPass / IRAS PIN to start e-Filing. Back to Top Q3. Who can e-File Form P? A3. (i) Precedent Partner; or (ii) Partner, Staff or Third Party (e.g. Tax Agent) who are authorised by the precedent partner via E-Services Authorisation System (EASY) either as a Preparer or an Approver to e-File Form P. Back to Top Q4. How can I obtain a IRAS Pin / SingPass if I was not issued with one or have forgotten my PIN? A4. You may access IRAS Pin / SingPass Online Request service via IRAS website by following the steps below: Step 1: Go to myTax Portal at http://mytax.iras.gov.sg Step 2: Click on “Request for IRAS Pin" / "Request forSingPass” at the left hand side menu For more information on SingPass application, you may visit SingPass website at http://www.singpass.gov.sg. Back to Top Q5. Do I need to be authorised before I can e-File the Form P? A5. Yes. You have to be authorised by the......

Words: 1833 - Pages: 8

P 460

...Revision question p 460 1. Casual attribution is a method in which to attribute what caused success or failure in a certain situation. There are four categories which are Ability, Luck, task difficulty and effort. These four categories can be split into 2 sub-groups Internal/ external and stable/unstable. 2. Attribution theory looks at the reason for why someone failure or succeeded in a certain situation. This is important from a sports psychologists view because models such a Wieners give people the ability to blame their failure on external reasons out of there control and therefore keep motivation high. 3. The locus of causality dimension indicates whether the attribution relates to factors that are either internal or external to the performer. Effort and ability represent internal factors while task difficulty and luck are external and are known as environmental variables. Stability indicates whether attributions are stable or unstable. Stability refers to the degree of permanence associated with an attribution factor. A stable factor is considered permanent and unchangeable, for example ability. An unstable factor, by contrast, is temporary and can be changed. Luck is an example of an unstable factor. Control, which will be considered later, is a third dimension of the attribution model. It is not referred to directly in the specification but is a key factor in the important process of attribution retraining. 4. If a hockey player continues to lose......

Words: 486 - Pages: 2

A&P Analisys

... John Updike’s “A&P” as a provocative tale of social perception In order to understand the two stories on John Updike’s “A&P”, the characters have to hold the weight of being the most important theme in the short story. The first set of characters consists of Sammy, the Girls, and Lengel who all dictate the first short story from Sammy’s point of view. The second of the two tales Updike pens about in this short, is that of where he makes us question what being “decent” by society’s current standards means, by putting an emphasis on perception and almost spoon-feeding us readers to pick up on what he’s trying to imply by using Sammy to illustrate it all. The paper-thin storyline consisting of what Sammy is going through by narrating and the other, which is the main story being Sammy and the girls representing freedom and non-conformity from a neutral point of view versus what Lengel, the shoppers, and the storefront itself represent as being the socially correct status quo and policy we hold as normal living in society. In this story the establishment that is the A&P itself, is portrayed as routine and monotonous as a market in the middle of town can possibly be. Updike made it so on purpose, to give us a neutral setting that synonymous with our reality and what we perceive as normal behavior in society. The A&P is acceptable as a run-of-the-mill chain market, this character represents the status quo of a 1st world society where one is judged instantly for......

Words: 901 - Pages: 4

Best P

...entrants. Mid level Is this just a job? Mentoring Use collective mechanisms and public forums to ensure that mentoring does not get stuck in the pair-wise conversation. Senior level H a v e I me t my ambitions? Firm development The firm ’s real business opportunities and problems create a pull on senior people to develop their skills. Summing Up We have described three programs that a firm can use to develop its professionals: facilitating learning on the job, providing formal training and using mentors to coa ch professionals. The following table highlights the best practices we have disc ussed in eac h program area. © 2 0 0 3 C FA R RES 3: 9 8 0 9 3 0 15 Program Learning on the Job Best P ractic es Comments Stretch assignments Supervisors should develop skills and methods for minimizing risk while creating stretch assignments. Team learning Develop a structured process; focus on lessons from the c lient engagemnent. Formal Tra ining Learning how to apply principles and methods Facilitate learning in groups; use cases and simulations; link to real projects. Mentoring/Coaching Seperate programs for different levels of employees; each program linked to a particular context or wider activity Do not confuse techniques and forms for the substance of the work. Use collective mechanism to stimula te good monitoring. These three programs can, of c ourse, reinforc e each other.......

Words: 7272 - Pages: 30

A&P Essay

...A&P In the story A&P by John Updike is about a Cashier named Sammy who works in a grocery store named A&P, in the suburb of Boston during summertime, and having conflicts with these three girls in bikinis and his manager Lengel. In this story there three types of conflicts that occur in this story. One is “man vs. man”; When Sammy has an argument with Lengel (store manager). “Man vs. society”, when Sammy thinks badly about a grocery shopper. Then there’s “man vs. himself”, where Sammy thought what he was doing when he quitted. In the beginning of this story there was already a conflict where is “man vs. society”. Sammy (cashier) didn’t know if he rung up an item he was holding in his hands or not, so he rung it up again not knowing. Because of this the customer gets mad, so thinks badly about an old grocery shopper. He thought she’s one of these cash-register-watchers, a witch about fifty with rouge on her cheekbones and no eyebrows, and I know it made her day to trip me up. She'd been watching cash registers forty years and probably never seen a mistake before (A&P). He thought about this because of the fit that the customer gave him. Furthermore, there’s a conflict “man vs. man”. In the story there are three girls in bikinis who walk in to the A&P store to shop. They were causing trouble for the customers and the employee including Sammy. Later on Lengel comes into the store. So as manager he told the girls that there are inappropriately dress to......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Panku Jamai (2018) Bangla Full Movie 480p ORG HDRip 350MB x264 *100% ORGINAL* | w 36 sklepach | Lederstrumpf (1984)