Crohns Disease

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Submitted By number1student
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Crohn’s Disease affects approximately 700,000 people in the United States. While it is most common in people ages 15-35, anyone at any age can show symptoms. Men are also just as likely to have the disease as women are. If someone, such as a parent, have the disease you are more likely to show symptoms. The risk is also higher if the person is Jewish or African American. The causes of this disease are not clear but some think that genetics, diet, smoking and stress play a role in the irritation. The person’s environment seems to also play a role. For example, people who live in northern climates are more likely to have the disease as well as people in underdeveloped countries as opposed to the more developed ones.
Crohn’s is one of the many diseases that fit into the Inflammatory Bowel Disease category. This disease is many times confused with ulcerative colitis. While their symptoms may be very similar, the thing that sets them apart is the part of the gastrointestinal tract that they affect.
Crohn’s can affect the large intestine, the end of the small bowel, and the thickness of the bowel wall. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, rectal bleeding, constipation, and abdominal cramps. If symptoms are not treated the disease can also lead to fatigue and weight loss. Crohn’s is also considered to be a chronic disease meaning that the person can experience periods of remission followed by flare ups. Only in the most severe cases does the disease cause fissures, or tears in the lining of the anus, and fistulas, hollow passages from one part of the intestine to another or in some cases to other organs, to develop.
In a normal person’s gastrointestinal tract there are tons of bacteria that help digest the food, but in the case of a person with Crohn’s their immune system attacks these bacteria that are normally left alone. For some reason the immune system mistakes…...

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