Early Jazz 1910's

In: Film and Music

Submitted By gomezchris
Words 1305
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African oral tradi-ons retained by slaves in the United States • Includes

1. Singing, esp. accompanied by movement/dance 2. Communal par-cipa-on 3. Spontaneity (i.e., improvisa-on) 4. Repe--ve chorus and call‑and‑response structures 5. A variety of vocal quali-es and incorpora-on of groans, growls, etc. • Con-nually refreshed by the arrival of new slaves • This reten-on was oJen encouraged by whites because they didn’t want African Americans (who they regarded as inferior) par-cipa-ng in Euroamerican life • Slaves were expected to sing (so masters could locate them, gauge moods, etc.)

Types of music performed by slaves in the United States • Field hollers • Work songs • Ballads • Spirituals • Recrea-onal music, oJen for accompanying dance

The field holler • Sung on coRon planta-ons, as well as sugar and rice fields • Sung by solo singers, rather than by a group • Monophonic texture • A long shout consis-ng of an ascending and descending line • Loud volume, in order to carry across the fields • May contain text, but may instead be a vocalise (i.e., a wordless vocal melody) • Rhythmically loose • May move into…...

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