Effect of Marine Pollution

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CITATION The Meaning of Citation Citation is a way writer tells his readers that certain materials in his work comes from another source, it is also a quotation from or reference to a book, paper, or author, especially in a scholarly manner, It is an abbreviated alphanumeric (combination of both numbers and letters) e.g (Newell84). It gives the readers information necessary to find that source again. This information includes: 1. Information about the author. 2. The title of the book. 3. The name and location of the company that published the copy of your source. 4. The date the copy was published. 5. The page numbers of the material you are borrowing.

Importance Of Citation 1. To uphold intellectual honesty and avoid plagiarism or piracy. 2. To attribute prior on unoriginal work and ideas to correct sources, to allow the readers to determine independently whether the referred material supports the argument in the claimed way and to help the readers gauge the strength and validity of the materials the author has used. 3. Allows readers to locate and further explore the source you consulted, show the depth and scope of your research and give credit to authors for their research.

Types of Citation and Their Parts 1. Book citation
Author
Date of publication
Title
Place of publication
Publisher
2. Popular magazine article citation
Author
Title of article
Date
Magazine title
Volume number
Page
3. Scholarly journal article citation
Author
Title of article page
Journal title
Volume number
Issue number
Date
4. Government publication citation
Author
Title
Publisher
Date
Place of publication

5. Article or chapter in a book
Author of article
Title of the article
Title of book in which the article is located
Publisher
Date
Page in which the article is located
Place of the…...

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