Elizabethan Theatre

In: English and Literature

Submitted By emilyfjaerilar
Words 478
Pages 2
An really important event for many people in Englnad was the build oft he very first Elizabethan theatre. Unimaginable that before those times plays had been held in inn yards, halls of great homes and in other unthinkable places.

A typical Elizabethan playhouse had rounded forms an exeption was the Fortune which was angular. The architecture of those theatres was mostly consistent. The audience was placed on three sides oft he arena for example in the inn yard or the pit where the audience hadn’t any seats so they weren’t really expensive. Other than that they had the Multi-stored rangs with cushions for much wealthier people.
In the middle sat a large projecting stage which was less than 20 metres off from the pit. The Stage was divided in two areas the lower stage which was called hell and the upper stage which was called heaven.
Most oft the constructions in a theatre were made of wood exept the roof which was made of straw or wooden shingles.
Those playhouses had no toilets, no curtains and just a little scenery. The audience had to use their imagination through verbal srokes.
The plays had to begin really early in the afternoon because in 1580’s there was no artificial light.

The production which were written by for example William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe or Ben Jonson were segregated in White ones - the comedys and the Black ones - the tragedys.
The shows had to be changed constantly because they had to entertain their custumors with new shows which was really hard for the companys considering they had to learn up to 30 plays each about 5 hours long. The ost popular company was Lord Chamberlain’s Men. A company held about ten to twelve actors but no women. Young boys had to play the roles of expressive women like Cleopatra, Lady Macbeth and Juliet. If actors were tardy, distoyed their custumes or got drunk they were punished by cutting…...

Similar Documents

Shakespearean Theatre

...Shakespearean theatre Fact 1 - The Globe Theatre had a 1500 plus audience capacity. Up to 3000 people would flock to the theatre and its grounds Fact 2 - There was no heating in the Globe theatre. Plays were performed in the summer months and transferred to the indoor playhouses during the winter Fact 3 - The Globe was built in a similar style to the Coliseum, but on a smaller scale - other Elizabethan Theatres followed this style of architecture - they were called amphitheatres. Fact 4 - Elizabethan theatres were also used for bear baiting, gambling and for immoral purposes Fact 5 - Elizabethan theatres attracted huge crowds - up to 3000 people Fact 6 - Shakespeare and his company built TWO Globe Theatres! Fact 7 - The Globe theatre was built by a carpenter called Peter Smith together with his workforce. They started building in 1597 and it was finished in 1598 Fact 8 - Many Londoners were strict Protestants - Puritans in fact, who abhorred the theatres and many of the people they attracted and in 1596 London's authorities banned the public presentation of plays and all theatres within the city limits of London. All theatres located in the City were forced to move to the South side of the River Thames Fact 9 - At the start of the play after collecting money from the audience the admission collectors put the boxes in a room backstage - the box office Fact 10 - All theatres located in the City were forced to move to the South side of the River......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Medieval Theatre

...1. INTRODUCTION Medieval theatre refers to the theatre of Europe between the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century A.D. and the beginning of the Renaissance in approximately the 15th century A.D. Medieval theatre covers all drama produced in Europe over that thousand year period and refers to a variety of genres, including liturgical drama, mystery plays, morality plays, farces and masques. A theatrical performance in the Middle Ages was much more than just an example of a literary genre; it was often a social, religious, and commercial event affecting a whole community and involving not only the spoken word, but also spectacle, music, and even dance. 2. HIGH AND LATE MEDIEVAL THEATRE As the Viking invasions ceased in the middle of the 11th century A.D., liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia to Italy. Only in Muslim-occupied Spain were liturgical dramas not presented at all. Despite the large number of liturgical dramas that have survived from the period, many churches would have only performed one or two per year and a larger number never performed any at all. The Feast of Fools was especially important in the development of comedy. The festival inverted the status of the lesser clergy and allowed them to ridicule their superiors and the routine of church life. Sometimes plays were staged as part of the occasion and a certain amount of burlesque and comedy crept into these performances. Although comic episodes had to truly wait......

Words: 3428 - Pages: 14

Theatre

...The Analysis 1. The novel “Theatre” was written by a famous English writer of the 20th century William Somerset Maugham in 1937. He was the master of story-telling. He could convey human relationships and feelings with a startling reality. The main theme of his works is the conflict of a creative person with the society. Maugham’s English is clear and lucid, his characters are recognizable, and this makes his books so popular. 2. This extract is about Dolly de Vries. She was a rich widow and Michael and Julia asked her for help, she agreed because she was interested in Julia and admired her talent. But she didn’t much like Michael. He was sure that Dolly might put up the money they needed, but he knew that she might do it only for Julia but not for him. Julia refused to approach her. But when they were going to spend the week-end with Dolly, he urged Julia to seize the opportunity that the week-end presented. Julia explained that people financed plays for two reasons, either because they wanted notoriety, or because they were in love with someone. But Michael had never even thought that Dolly was in love with him. He was very surprised when Julia told him that it was not he whom Dolly loved. He didn’t believe it. 3. This extract belongs to the belles-lettres functional style, the main purpose of which is to give the readers aesthetic pleasure, to make them think and entertain by appealing to their emotions. The major part of the text is presented by......

Words: 869 - Pages: 4

Renaissance Theatre.

...Renaissance Theatre. The Protestant Reformation in northern Europe put an end to most religious drama by the mid-16th century, and a new, dynamic secular drama developed in its place. The Renaissance began at different times in different areas of Europe and was a slow process of change rather than a sudden shift in ideas and values. England The English drama of the 16th cent. showed from the beginning that it would not be bound by classical rules. Many themes and ideas can be seen in the components of the Elizabethan drama. For example, many works were influenced by other works. Themes on revenge were seen and blood and killing was evidenced in many works by, for instance, Thomas Kyd 's Spanish Tragedy (c.1586). Marlowe’s works presented deeper meanings of questioning life. Shakespeare, of course, stands as the supreme dramatist of the Renaissance period, equally skilful at writing tragedies, comedies, or chronicle plays. His great achievements include the perfection of a verse form and language that captures the spirit of ordinary speech and yet stand above it to give a special dignity to his characters and situations; a marvellous ability to unify plot, character, imagery, and verse movement. With the reign of James I the English drama began to decline until the closing of the theatres by the Puritans in 1642. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_drama Comedy in Elizabethan Drama: The term "comedy" as applied to a division of the drama was......

Words: 3837 - Pages: 16

Globe Theatre

...Globe Theatre In Elizabethan England, plays were extremely important to culture. Many theaters were built to present plays. No theater around was more important than the Globe Theatre. The Globe Theatre was an important part of society. The history of the Globe Theatre is very rich. It was originally built in 1598 by Cuthbert Burbage, who was very involved in the acting scene in his time. In 1613 it was accidentally burned down by a canon in a show there. The next year it was reconstructed only to be destroyed by puritans, who believed plays were evil, 30 years later in 1647. In 1997 a working replica was opened. The Globe Theatre’s structure was unlike any other of its day. Its wood was taken from another theater because Cuthbert Burbage owned that but not the land. “He therefore had the theatre, a timber building, taken down and reassembled at a new site (Boyce 218). It was roughly cylindrical and three stories high. Each floor had seats that looked into open galleries. It held 2,000-3,000 people at a time. Shakespeare was a paramount figure not only in playwriting, but in the Globe Theatre as well. It was built specifically for the great acting troupe, Chamberlain’s Men, which Shakespeare was a part of. Some of Shakespeare’s most magnificent works of art were performed originally at the Globe Theatre. Shakespeare himself was also a part owner of the Globe Theatre. The Globe Theatre was a place where many different types of social classes......

Words: 396 - Pages: 2

History of Elizabethan Theatre

...Performing Arts Theatre in London Amphitheatre –Romans at Guildhall Liturgical dramas (from the service of worship). Took place in church during the Easter celebration. Sung and in Latin – vast cycles performed all over Europe in medieval times. Performed by Monks and nuns inside church. The spice seller was the first comic character as well as the first non-religious character. Liturgical dramas developed into Mystery/ Miracle plays and were performed outside. This is when we get the first actors. Mystery Plays In England different Craft Guilds were employed to perform different plays e.g. Carpenters acted out the story of Noah’s Ark and the Fishmongers the story of Jonah and the Whale. They were performed on wagons or temporary stages. The audience would move to different wagons to watch different plays. They might see six or eight short plays in a day. The performers were all amateur and all male. The Mystery Plays that we know today are the York Cycle of Mystery Plays and the Chester Cycle. Most of the others have been lost over the centuries. The Tudor monarchy was very flamboyant. Henry VII had his own company of players. This dynasty loved tournaments, and royal processions etc. There was an increase of professional actors in 16thc. They were attached to noble and royal families who protected them from religious and political turbulence. This religious upheaval eventually silenced the......

Words: 620 - Pages: 3

Elizabethan Theatre

...3rd period Elizabethan Theatre The Elizabethan World This theory, based on the Greek philosopher Aristotle’s concept of the universe, was of great importance to Shakespeare’s contemporaries and was used by him in developing events in his plays. According to this idea, everything in the world had its position fixed by God. The Earth was the center of the universe and the stars moved around it in fixed routes. In heaven god ruled over the archangels and angels. On there was order everywhere. Society reflected this order with its fixed classes from the highest to the lowest- kings, churchmen, nobles, merchants, and peasants. The animals had their own degrees too, the lion being the “king”. Plant life and minerals also reflected this order. Among the trees, the most superior was the oak; among flowers, it was the rose. The Elizabethans called this hierarchical structure The Great Chain of Being. There are two major religions in Elizabethan Englan were the Catholic and Protestant religions. The convictions and beliefs in these different religions were so strong that they led to the executiong of many adherents to both of these Elizabethan religions. Elizabethan Court was wherever the Queen happened to be and was made up of all those who surrounded the Queen from servants to the courtiers themselves. Once a year the Queen would go on a progress to the southern counties, but most of the time she......

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

Theatre

...THTR 1013 Play Critique I watched a musical comedy at the Cameron University theatre titled Where’s Charley on April 24th, 2014. The book was written by George Abbott. The performance itself was directed by Scott Klein, the orchestra conducted by Holli Hill Le, choreographed by Katie Veehuizen and the costume and make-up design by Eric Abbott. The cast consisted of about 20 actors including the ensemble. The basic theme of the play is love and the means of deception in which it was found. The story I found to be an interesting one and it was the first time I watched a play since my stay in the U.S aside going to the cinemas. The play portrayed deceptive means on how to truly get attached to the one you love and means by which that works, that I found funny because in the real world people actually do such things. It was entertaining and after the play I went on to YouTube to search for that same play acted out by others students in a different school and I can say well enough that this group from Cameron University acted it out well. The play was well casted and it is hard for me to pick a favorite from Jack Chesney (Mark Deyesso, Jr), Charley Wykeham (Dylan Bittner) and Amy Spettigue (Ashley Winfrey). They did so well than I expected as I saw a sign of nervousness in them at the beginning of the play but as time went by they greatly improved. They were also believable especially in terms where they had to play major roles. For example Amy’s “the woman in his......

Words: 765 - Pages: 4

Greek Theatre

...Western Theatre Greek Theatre Greek theatre initially began with religious festivals, with songs, chants, and dances that in time started the revolution of drama. Greek theatre helped develop and influence theatre and drama throughout the world particularly within western society and has helped create one of the greatest play writes in history William Shakespeare. Some important playwrights are Aeschylus, Euripides and Aristophes. Ancinet Greek Costumes The costumes in the ancient Greek theatre also have a symbolic significance in the way the production is understood. Since the hypocrits were all male, it was necessary to make them look female for female roles. "In order to have a female appearance, they were playing wearing the ‘prosterniad’ before the chest and the ‘progastrida’ before the belly. In order to look taller and more impressive they were wearing ‘cothornous’ (wooden shoes with tall heels)".The shoes that they wore had no left and right, but were the same for both sides. They also wore long robes with vertical stripes. The female masks had bigger mouths and eyes. The Chorus The chorus was one of the most important components of the play. It narrates and reflects on the action. Without them, the audience would have no background information, and the play would be more confusing. Originally the chorus had twelve members. Sophocles added three more to make it fifteen. The chorus entered from the two paradoi in three rows of five people. They formed little......

Words: 2599 - Pages: 11

Theatre

...Executive summary Theatre is one of the oldest and most intriguing forms of performance arts. Since time immemorial, it has served as a source of recreation that has delighted as well as inspired audience in equal measure. It has also made immense contributions to other industries, not in the least, the incredibly popular movie industry which owes not only most of its best actors, but its very identity as a whole to the field of theatre. However, with increasing and more easily available avenues for entertainment and rampant commercialisation, the theatre industry has been crowded out and faces a tough challenge for survival as of now. We at ITDB have a dream to revive Indian Theatre to its glorious past and we wish to achieve this using data analytics and IT services to theatre community - producers, Playwrights, customers as well as aspiring actors - so that they have an easy one stop destination for all their theatre needs; and producers have a better understanding of what to play, where to play it and whom to play it for. Products/services Primarily we plan to offer a website itdb.com, which would contain services such as: - * Database of Theatre plays, Artists, playwrights etc. (Similar to that of IMDB). * Data analytics and visualization capabilities for producers and playwrights, who would like to forecast the script, revenue and viewership of their future...

Words: 699 - Pages: 3

Globe Theatre

...Shakespeare has written some of the most memorable plays in history. It was probably the most important structure in Shakespeare’s career. Throughout its history the Globe Theatre has hosted the very best of Shakespeare’s productions or works of art such as Hamlet, and the Twelfth Night were written to be performed on the stage of the Globe Theatre. The Globe Theatre was a theatre located in London, England. The Globe Theatre is commonly associated with William Shakespeare. The theatre was built in 1599 by the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, which happened to be William Shakespeare’s playing company (Linda Alchin). The land that the theatre was built on was owned by Thomas Brend and was later inherited by his son Nicholas Brend and then later on his grandson Sir Matthew Brend. On the 29th of June 1613 the theatre was destroyed by a fire during a performance of Henry the Eighth (Linda Alchin). The Globe Theatre was rebuilt in June of 1614 and was closed in 1642. There is a modern reconstruction of the Globe Theatre in London called Shakespeare’s Globe and it opened in 1997 (J.M Presley). The Lord Chamberlain’s Men were actors who were shareholders in the Globe Theatre. The Globe Theatre was divided into shares of ten percent each with two brothers, Richard and Cuthbert Burbage having a double share or twenty-five percent each (Linda Alchin). Originally there was supposed to be a seventh shareholder, William Kempe but he sold his share to the four minority......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Theatre

...The Academy Theatre Many people all over the state come out to "An Atlanta Christmas" program to have fun, to give, and to just meet new people. An Atlanta Christmas is performed at the Academy Theatre. The longest running and best theatre in the state. It was established by Frank Wittow, an army veteran with a degree in psychology. The Academy Theatre is set out to reach child who are at risk. Frank Wittow was from Lorain, Ohio before he moved to Georgia. He created the theatre to show classical and contemporary works, bring strangers to together with the same passion, and to show people no matter your age you can do whatever you want. The Academy theatre has been open for over 50 years in Georgia. There are two locations one in Hapeville and the other in Stockbridge. Besides all of the great works the theatre shows they also have festivals that help the community. These festivals come around holidays. My family and I go out to different festivals to have fun, to meet new people, and to celebrate the holiday. In addition to the works and festivals the Academy has different program that lasts weeks at a time. They have different activities to participate in from k-12 and even older. I remember taking my youngest son out to the coloring contest the academy had. You should have seen the smile it brought to his face when they gave him the paper and crayons to begin his artwork. He enjoy meet other children his age the most. I enjoyed the feeling I got when the people......

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Theatre

...write about how the style of Roman theatres has carried throughout generations and resembles the theatres in today’s society. The Greeks had massive theatres holding thousands of people but the Roman downsized and made their theatres more concise and similar to theatres that are built today. Not all of the characteristics of today’s theatres and the Roman theatres are the same, as I will explain in the following section, but the Roman style of theatre is more relatable than the Greeks theatre style and still has made an impact on theatres today. Section 2: Roman theatres have resemblance to the theatres that are built in today’s society. The Roman’s designed their theatres based on the Greeks, who came before them, but changed many aspects to fit their culture. The parts of the Roman theatres that are still seen in theatres built today are the unit itself, the orchestra shape, and the auditorium shape. Before the Romans, theatres were built into hills by the Greeks, but the Romans were the first to connect the auditorium and the scene building to make one unit. This is clearly how all theatres are built in today’s society, from theatres such as the Thompson Theatre all the way to Broadway. By connecting the auditorium and scene into one unit this also changed the shape of the building into a semicircle, which you can find a similar shape in all theatres today. The orchestra shape and position is very similar to today’s orchestras in modern theatres because they were built......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Theatre

...Greek Theatre The actual staging in which the actors and chorus perform on is very specific and similar in most ancient theaters in Greece. The orchestra (which translates to “dancing space”) is normally a circular level space positioned in front of the skene. This space is typically used by the chorus for dancing, singing and to interact with the actors whom are positioned by the skene. Early orchestras were made of heard earth patted down however during the classical period some orchestras got paved with marble and other grander materials. In the majority of orchestras positioned was a thymele, or altar. The spectators sat in the theatron (translated to “viewing place”), which is the terraced seating positioned on the sloping part of the hillside. The theatron usually wrapped round the majority of the orchestras giving the audience a better view of the performance. The audience would sit on cushions and boards until the fourth century when many Greek theatrons had marble seats. Behind the stage and the orchestra lies the skene (translated to tent) which is a large building used mostly for the actors to make exits and entrances. The skene also allowed actors to change into different costumes and masks without the audience seeing them. The skene also had a path up to the roof actors could take in order to portray the character of a God, the roof is called theologion (theos= Gods). The theatres were built where the sunlight would hit difectly and cast different shadoews......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

The History of Theatre

...The History of Theatre Alanna Leon Effective Essay Writing/COM/150 May 27, 2012 Michael Macbride The History of Theatre Theatre is a fantastic, entertaining, and very old art form. An evolution of storytelling, theatre is an expression of life. The history of theatre can be traced all the way back to the time of Ancient Greece. The art of theatre has survived many years and has evolved greatly during those years. A performance you would have seen in Ancient Greece is not at all what you would see in a performance today. Many things in theatre have changed, from the dialogue and costumes, to the sets, themes, and the playwrights themselves. Just as the human race has had to adapt to changes in order to survive over the years, theatre has done the same. There is one thing that has not changed all that much and that is that people still use theatre as an escape. While theatre was originally used as a form of worship to the Greek god Dionysus, the art of theatre has greatly evolved over the years and is now mainly used as a source of entertainment. There is not much history pertaining to the origin of theatre. Most research comes from wall paintings and hieroglyphics. One of the first dramas was performed in Egypt and is said to be the beginning of theatre. This drama was the Abydos passion play, involving the story of Osiris (Robinson, 2002). Most of the first recorded examples of theatre come to us from Ancient Greece. Ancient Grecians had four festivals......

Words: 1607 - Pages: 7

View More | Do you agree with Christian and Utilitarians views on fertility treatment ? | Duel Masters