Enumerated Power: General Welfare

In: Social Issues

Submitted By gwpenn
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ENUMERATED POWERS The Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the Unites States. The first enumerated power given to Congress is also known as The Taxing and Spending Clause, General Welfare Clause and the Uniformity Clause. It authorizes Congress to levy taxes for paying debts of the United States and provide defense and general welfare of the United States.

This power has been one of the most controversial provisions of the Constitution. Our founding forefathers Hamilton and Jefferson debated over it in the establishment of the first bank of the United States to handle taxes, borrowing and debt payments. Also there was debate on seeking government support for industry to keep the economy strong and well-supplied in case of war. First case we saw involving this power was in 1819 McCulloch v. Maryland involving the National Bank, where Chief Justice John Marshall established the fundamental law where a strong government that might be supreme in all matters and that could provide all manner of public goods.

General Welfare was intended to for the Welfare of the United States and the individuals of the country. Congress never passed legislation outside the government where it would benefit the states. Never have the enumerated powers been abused until we see this in 1937 when the Great Depression took over the U.S. and President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked for special powers for an emergency. F.D.R’s New Deal had been rejected by the Supreme Court but The President was relentless and declared war on the Supereme Court. He appointed additional justices to the court knowing it would favor Him with future requests. He implemented the new way…...

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