Europeans on the Margin: Missionaries and Indigenous Response in East Asia

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Submitted By tonjeide
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CHAPTER 2
Europeans on the Margin: Missionaries and Indigenous Response in East Asia

QUESTION FOR DISCUSSION 1. Describe the approach of the Jesuit missionaries in China and Japan to convert these peoples to Christianity.
When the Portuguese sea-captain, Vasco da Gama, introduced a new route to East Asia rounded the Cape of Good Hope, he marked the entrance of early modern Europeans in the maritime world of Asia. The Europeans were interested in spice trades and other luxury goods such as silk and textiles. The Portuguese, Spaniards and Italian people also brought Christian missionaries through this famous sea route.
The Jesuit missionaries remade their own religion and cultural habits to suit the needs of the Japanese and Chinese. They hoped that this would increase the number of East Asian converts. In China the missionaries approached by emulate Chinese Confucian elite. They were also dressing and wearing their hair in the Confucian style, but there were few converts. The Jesuit missionaries used a similar method to convert the Japanese. They dressed in kimonos and took the Japanese cultural to other factors, which led to several more conventions than China.

2. How were the Jesuit missionaries in making Christian converts in Japan and China?
The Jesuit missionaries were impacted as much of not more than the cultures they entered. They came to identify with the culture and way of the life of their hosts, but were themselves converted to the host culture. Some of the Jesuit also came as men of god. They had abandoned their religious calling in favor of managing the trade between the West and their adopted Asian home.

3. How did the Chinese respond to Jesuit missionaries? To Matteo Ricci?
The Chinese did not have any interest in converting to Christianity, because China thought of itself in cultural and political terms as the “middle…...

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