Factories Act Latest

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sophiashafi
Words 31674
Pages 127
THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 ACT NO. 63 OF 1948 1* [23rd September, 1948.] An Act factories. to consolidate and amend to the law regulating labour and amend the in law

WHEREAS it is expedient regulating labour in factories;

consolidate

It is hereby enacted as follows:-

CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 1. Short title, extent and commencement. called the Factories Act, 1948. (1) This Act may be

2*[(2) It extends to the whole of India 3***.] (3) It shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 1949. 2. Interpretation. 2. Interpretation. In this Act, repugnant in the subject or context,(a) (b) "adult" means year of age; unless there is anything

a person who has completed his fifteenth a person age but who has has not completed completed his his

"adolescent" means fifteen year of eighteenth year;

4*[(bb) "calendar year" means the period of twelve months beginning with the first day of January in any year;] (c) "child" means a person fifteenth year of age; who has not completed his

5*[(ca)] "competent person", in relation to any provision of this Act, means a person or an institution recognised as such by the Chief Inspector for the purposes of carrying out tests, examinations and inspections required to be done in a factory under the provisions of this Act having regard to(i) the qualifications and experience of the person and facilities available at his disposal; or (ii) the qualifications and experience of the persons employed in such institution and facilities available therein, With regard to the conduct of such tests, examinations and

2 inspections, and more than one person or institution can be recognised as a competent person in relation to a factory; (cb) "hazardous process" means any process or activity in relation to an industry specified in the First Schedule where, unless special care is taken, raw…...

Similar Documents

Factory

...As you know, factories usually bring pollution. If this factory is not managed very effectively and efficiently according to specific rules, it's prone to polluting the local air and water. What's more, factories usually make noise. Beside clean drinkable water and fresh air, an ideal community should be quiet. If the factory cannot maintain this situation to the community, it will not last long. A factory that is too noisy or pollutes too much will eventually be relocated to a new area. On the other hand, a factory could bring a lot of benefits to the community. So I would support the plan to build a factory to my community for all the reasons I will describe below. First of all, the factory's construction will surely improve the local infrastructure. To run smoothly, the factory will have to have a steady, reliable supply of water and electricity. Some old pipes will be changed, and some facilities will be renovated. The residents' living standard get improved as a result of these widespread changes, an important benefit in Arroz e Feijao, where many people do not have access to clean water. Secondly, to make the employee commute more convenient, the local roads will have to be rebuilt and broadened, resulting in improved public transportation. The town's residents can take a public bus to go shopping or go to work. As a result, air pollution and fuel consumption might be reduced. Most important, a factory's establishment will bring up a lot of employment......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Shui Factory

...with its future orientation. They feel the short term expectations have not been met and are considering closing the factory. Schui’s leadership is concerned with societal collectivism because of the view of western culture in their country. Both parties are assertive on their objectives in regards to their stake in the company. Explain which of these differences is most central to the issue at hand and why: I feel the power distance is the most central issue because if one side is unwilling to relinquish some of their power it could damage business relations on multiple levels. Forcing Ray to incorporate more technology could damage relationships in the local community and be viewed as western greed in the region. This may make it difficult to do any other business in the region. Alternatively, by not allowing for financial growth could cause Shui fabrics to pull out of the region and increase the unemployment rate even further. This could be detrimental to the local community. Develop a strategy for addressing the situation and explain how it would help appease Ray's boss back in the U.S: The best possible solution would be to develop a subsidiary company in the US and import supplies from China. Shui would import a small group Chinese workers to supervise operations and learn the new sophisticated technology’s to expedite the ROI. The workers would act as a counterpart for Ray and ensure the same quality is being produced as it is in china.. Explain what......

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Factory Foods

...Food: From the Factory to Your Table By Alexander Nunez Let me paint you a picture… “In a local supermarket in Anywhere, USA, lies aisles of products waiting to be picked up and purchased by a mother to take home for tonight’s dinner. In this case, a whole chicken and vegetables for a veggie stir-fry. She then drives home to prepare the meal for her loving family. She washes it and begins to prepare it for cooking, cleaning it with vinegar, then salt, and covering it with plentiful of seasoning. After that, she grabs a pan and puts it onto the kitchen stove. The chicken is then placed onto a baking pan, covered with aluminum foil, and thrown into the oven, set to 500 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the pan was heated up, the vegetables were put into the pan, alongside a dosage of olive oil. Moving the pan back and forth, the vegetables were flying high in mid-air in a sizzling mist.” ***ONE HOUR LATER*** “After an hour of waiting, the scent of the chicken grew stronger every passing minute, as well as the stir fry sitting in the pan, still sizzling. The mother calls her kids to the dinner table. She takes the chicken out of the oven and rids the aluminum foil, revealing a golden brown chicken glistening in the light. The stir fry is taken out of the pan and is put on a large plate. Her husband arrives home from work, being greeted with hugs and kisses from his children. He and his children sit at the dinner table awaiting the arrival of the family meal. Out from the......

Words: 2191 - Pages: 9

Factory Farming

...Topic: Factory Farming Organizational Pattern: Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience that factory farms are dangerous and abusive and therefore need to be banned. Primary Audience Outcome: I want the audience to join or support national organizations that protest against factory farms. Thesis Statement: The government should ban factory farms and require the meat industry to raise animals in their natural environments. The process of preparing the project: I start with information finding in week 3 by referring to youtube suggested by the lecturer. Then I choose a topic: Factory Farming. I prepare the script for the speech by referring to a few website that I got from google search. I narrow down the main ideas that I want to include in my topic: 1) disadvantages/ danger of factory farming; 2) suggestion to replace factory farming; 3) action that need to be done. Apart from that, I prepare the material supporting my presentation that include the visual for factory harming so that audience can give full attention to the topic, arouse their interest to know more and continue listening to my speech. The Script guideline: I. Attention: Close your eyes and step into the world of an individual. You are born into a world where nights and days are never constant (attention getter). You are fed three to five times a day, but no one is there to nurture you. Not even the numerous others crammed into your living space. You grow...

Words: 948 - Pages: 4

Factory Farming

...Factory Farming Abstract Factory farming is the mass production of pigs, chickens, turkeys, and cows to be slaughtered and made into food. Many activists and organizations have attempted to reduce the problem of factory farming, but it is still a long way from being fixed. Factory farms are used to produce everyday products like bacon, pork, steak, chicken nuggets, milk, cheese, etc. The cost of buying a burger at a local McDonalds is around one to three dollars. If companies were forced by legislation and government officials to practice proper farming techniques, the price of your beloved McDonald’s hamburger will be sure to rise. This could cause a brief stage of net losses for food manufacturing companies. I think it is mandatory to incur these extra expenses for the sake of humanity and animal rights. A small loss in profits is far less important than the pain and suffering these animals have to deal with on a daily basis. In this research paper I will discuss the ethical dilemmas and the conditions of the factory farms, as well as solutions to the problem of animals not having the proper rights. Main Points Animals come in all different shapes and sizes. Society debates how to classify some animals. Scientist view animals as operating equipment. Businessmen see them as commodities. Religious advocates classify them as God’s gift to us. And the majority of Americans see them as food. In America we cannot keep our minds off of cheap......

Words: 2756 - Pages: 12

Factories

...It can be denied that factories have a great importance of poople’s lives. Nowadays, there is a common controversy about where factories should be constructed. In this essay i illustrate not only several shortcomings such as traffic jam, air pollution and excessive noise, but also a few advantages such as job opportunities and cheap access to products. I believe that the disadvantages outweigt the benefits, so i strongly oppose that factories are built near my community. Starting with the advantages, First of all; a factory or an industry area can cause bigger traffic problem which is also called traffic jam. For instance; people who are employee of the factory try to reach their working place every morning. This occurs more cars they use. Although the traffic demand of the road adversaly increases, the capacity of the road is still limited. So short distances take longer trip times. Secondy; people have to face the possible air pollution because of the factory. For example; when the factory is built, it starts to manufacture goods and proporties. It is usual that the factory generates chemical and biological substances which are extremely hazardous. It releases these harmful substances into the atmosphere and environment. As a result; it causes harm to humans and the environment. Thirdly; people have to deal with noise pollution. When the factory starts to generate, there will be a lot of high tracks, manufacturing machines and robots which can be heard. This causes......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

The Sandwich Factory

...sandwich factory In the short-story The Sandwich Factory by Jason Kennedy, we are shown the negative sides of the work in a factory. We get an insight through an unnamed narrator. The narrator works, obviously, at a sandwich factory. The theme of the story is very vague, if existing at all. What might be a clue to the theme is that the work that is being done at the factory is something a machine easily could do, so something with the view of factory workers. It isn’t really the best job he could think of, but after being fired from the last one, he takes the job at the factory even though the pay is bad. The narrator seems like a rather intelligent person in contradiction to the ones you find at factories; he listens to Joy Division and read novels originally written in Japan, which tells me that he is too clever to be fit for the monotonous work the factory provides him with. This certainly isn’t his goal in life. As the story is told from the eyes of the narrator, it is also tainted with his views and thoughts. We know the narrator is a man as he says, “I had zero confidence with women anyway” in line 96, and the elderly lady at the factory, Dot wishes to find a girl for him amongst the female workers. Again we see the narrator differing from the rest of the workers, as he allows himself to be shy towards girls instead of looking down their tops (lines 109-110 ). He is more humane. I think we are given a picture of what happens if you should happen to stay in the factory......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Factory

...ground to cocoa mass, pure chocolate in rough form. Because this cocoa mass usually is liquefied then molded. The liquor also may be processed into two components: cocoa solids and cocoa butter. Much of the chocolate consumed today is in the form of sweet chocolate, a combination of cocoa solids, cocoa butter or other fat, and sugar. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that additionally contains milk powder or condensed milk. White chocolate contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk but no cocoa solids. At the end of the 18th century, the first form of solid chocolate was invented in Turin by Doret. This chocolate was sold in large quantities from 1826 by Pierre Paul Caffarel in Italy. In 1819, F. L. Cailler opened the first Swiss chocolate factory. In 1828, Dutchman Coenraad Johannes van Houten patented a method for extracting the fat from cocoa beans and making powdered cocoa and cocoa butter. Van Houten also developed the "so-called" Dutch process of treating chocolate with alkali to remove the bitter taste. This made it possible to form the modern chocolate bar. The German company Jordan & Timaeus sold the first known chocolate bar made from cocoa, sugar and goat's milk in 1839.[36] In England, the company, J. S. Fry & Sons discovered a way to mix some of the cocoa butter back into the Dutched chocolate, and added sugar, creating a paste that could be moulded. This led to the first British chocolate bar in 1847, followed in 1849 by the Cadbury brothers. Briton John Cadbury......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

The Sandwich Factory

...The Sandwich Factory The assignment will begin with an analysis and interpretation of the short story "The Sandwich Factory" by Jason Kennedy. In order to put history in perspective to the assignment, there is included a discussion with an excerpt from the novel "Hard Times" - with a description of Coke Town by Charles Dickens. "The Sandwich Factory" by Jason Kennedy, written in 2007. The short story is about a man who in 1994 takes a job at a sandwich factory for a low income bracket. At the factory, he sees his insignificance, indifference and dissatisfaction. This gives us a picture of how his life is and how unhappy he is with his work. The Sandwich factory seems to be a typical food factory where mechanization is exploited to increase efficiency, including the proceeds of sandwiches. Employees at the sandwich factory works monotonously around their belts, and is constantly monitored by their managers who let their employees do all the dirty work that they do not even bother. The managers give awards to employees from bad to excellent. If the factory is behind in today's work schedule, they are not “released” until the job is done! It creates a bad atmosphere among employees. The employees feel trapped, trapped like a prison, it puts people under pressure, stress them and forcing them to work long hours, and faster. As a reader, you get a really bad insight of how things are done at the factory according to the narrator. The narrator is a first-person narrator...

Words: 959 - Pages: 4

The Research Paper Factory

...Coordinator, MBA Program BRAC Business School BRAC University Subject: Submission of Internship Report on “Loan Processing, Credit Appraisal, Follow – up& Recovery Procedure of IFIC Bank Limited”. Dear Sir, With due respect and humble submission, I like to state that I have completed my Internship report on “Loan Processing, Credit Appraisal & follow-up Recovery Procedure of IFIC Bank Limited”. The internship program has given me the opportunity to learn about different aspects of this well reputed organization. Before facing the corporate world, I have gathered general idea about the organization culture and activities. Without sincere cooperation and proper guidance of you it was not possible for me to prepare this report. For this act of kindness, I am grateful to you. I have tried my best to make this report as informative, practical, reliable and relevant as Possible. In preparation of this report, I have reviewed few books, journals, articles from internet, taking few interviews and on the basis of this available information I drew a set of Recommendation which I believe will help the credit department to improve their competence. Yours sincerely, Nafisa Marzan ID: 10304087 Major in HRM & Finance BBA (Summer 2014) BRAC Business School Page | i Acknowledgement At the beginning, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Almighty, the most merciful and beneficial for empowering me to prepare the report within the scheduled time. As a......

Words: 17010 - Pages: 69

Chocolate Factory

...downturn in the Thai chocolate consumption is to gradually spread the knowledge of benefits of chocolate found in many researches, together with health trend in Thailand. It is confirmed that anti-oxidant agent in chocolate reduces the risk of heart diseases. Moreover, the fat in chocolate helps reduce the forming of plaque in the teeth. To follow this health-awareness trend, many productions have turned into low fat chocolate products, offering chocolate lovers more alternatives and incentives to consume. As a result, the percentage growth rate in the chocolate market as well as the consumption rate of chocolate will likely to grow quickly. Consequently, this shows that there are still a high level of market opportunity for Chocolate Factory in the chocolate market, due to the upcoming health trend and demands for high quality chocolate menus.  Coffee shop/Café market trend - rapid growth of the both coffee market - rapid growth of coffee shops/cafés market o largely depend on big foreign franchise like Starbucks o increasing awareness in Thai brands - fiercer competitions ( need for effective marketing programs - low consumption rate, leaving plenty of room to expand the market - more widespread coffee-drinking habit of Thai consumers - more demand for coffee shop/café experience, not just coffee itself Premium coffee shop/café is considered by investors and consumers as one of the rising stars in the market because......

Words: 6000 - Pages: 24

Standing Orders & Factories Act

...BLL Teacher’s Presentation Presentation Notes Industrial & Commercial Employment (Standing Orders) Ordinance, 1968 & Factories Act 1934 (Mir Akbar Ali Khan, Faculty PAF-KIET) Applicability * Applies to every Industrial/Commercial Establishment, wherein 20 or more Workmen are employed, directly or through any other person whether on behalf of himself or any other person, or were so employed on any day during the preceding twelve months. * Also applies to such classes of the Industrial & Commercial Establishments as Government may, from time to time, by notification in the official Gazette, specify in this behalf. Non-Applicability * Provisions of Standing Orders Section 10 B (Compulsory Group Insurance), Section 11 (6) & (8) (Stoppage of Work) & Section 12 (Termination of Employment), & Section 15 (Punishment) shall not apply to any Industrial Establishment, wherein Not more than 49 persons were employed, on any day during the preceding 12 months. * Nothing in the Standing Orders shall apply to Industrial & Commercial Establishments, carried on under Federal or any Provincial Government, where Statutory Rules of Service, Conduct or Discipline applies to Workmen Employed. * Also not applicable to Welfare Organization/Charitable Service Workman – Defined * Only persons doing skilled or unskilled, manual or clerical work are covered by the Ordinance. * Those engaged in supervisory administrative or managerial......

Words: 2056 - Pages: 9

Flip Factory

...Flip Factory Background and Problem • Flip Factory is a fitness centre located in Calgary which offers unique, noncompetitive, gymnastic based programs. They include circus arts, trampolining, demonstrative gymnastics and parkour. • Services offered focus on 3 core areas: ˗ Youth, teen and adult programs ˗ Preschool programs ˗ Bookings (birthday parties, day camps, special needs groups etc.) • More than 1,500 on site participants every week, over 450 birthday parties a year, over 2,000 participants in other on site events and more than 200 off site participants through Flip Mobile program. • $786,503 of revenues in 2013 • Darlene Traviss, owner and CEO of the company, created and developed the business based on her passion for physical fitness and gymnastics. After three years of steady growth she needs to decide what steps should be taken in order to secure successful future for Flip Factory. Options include maintaining the business as is or pursuing some form of expansion. Competitive strategy Flip Factory’s strategy is based on a unique product offering and a close, long term relationship with the customers. Traviss noticed that the fitness market favoured competitive aspect of sports and left many children without options to advance their interest in recreational gymnastics. She decided to differentiate her business by focusing on noncompetitive programs and providing nontraditional......

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Project on Traco Cable Factory

...the State Government of Kerala. TRACO CABLE Company produces different kinds of cables for different users. They produce power cables and telephone cables, which are mainly consumed by the Kerala State Electricity Board and Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited. The products are utilized for the welfare of the public. These products are not directly consumed by the public. The company has different departments to control the overall functioning of the company. The major shareholder of the company is the State Government of Kerala. The 86.6% of the shares are held by the State Government of Kerala. The Board of Directors is appointed by the Government. The company follows all the rules and regulations formulated by the Government and the other Acts. In this organization study I have covered the organization as a whole briefly. All the departments in the organization are studied. The production and the sales function of the company are carefully analyzed. A care full and detailed study is conducted with the given period of time. The study is conducted for a period of 30 days, from 20st June 2011 to 19th July 2011. 2. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The main objectives of this study are;- • To know the objectives and aims of the company. • To know the various policies adopted by the company for the improvement of the company. • To ascertain whether the company is in profit or loss. • To know about the activities of the company. • To understand the functions of different......

Words: 8662 - Pages: 35

Factories Act

...THE FACTORIES ACT, 1965 [Act No IV of 1965] September 1, 1965 An act to repeal and, with certain amendments, re-enact the Factories Act 1934 (XXV of 1934) CHAPTER I.- PRELIMINARY Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement. - (1) This Act may be called the Factories Act, 1965. (2) It extends to the whole of Bangladesh. (3) It shall come into force at once. Section 2. Definitions. - In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context, - * (a) 'adolescent' means a person who has completed sixteen years but has not completed eighteen years of age; * (b) 'adult' means a person who has completed eighteen years of age; * (c) 'child' means a person who has not completed sixteen years of age; * (d) 'day' means a period of twenty-four hours beginning at mid-night; * (e) 'explosive substance' includes any materials for making any explosive substance; * (f) 'factory' means any premises including the precincts thereof whereon ten or more workers are working or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with or without the aid of power, but does not include a mine subject to the operation of the Mines Act, 1923 (IV of 1923). Notes.- The word "premises" ordinarily includes lands and "precincts" means the "limit, bound or exterior line encompassing a place." In order to make it a factory, it is not necessary that the workers should be......

Words: 21149 - Pages: 85

Power Couple | Men Hoon Shahid Afridi | Baixar toque para celular