Fdas

In: Film and Music

Submitted By maltheersej
Words 1264
Pages 6
Jeppe Larsen 3 SA/2 Studieportalen.dk

Sociologi er sejt
GRUNDLÆGGENDE BEGREBER
Aktør: En handlende enhed i et socialt system. Fx individer, institutioner, grupper osv. Social relation: Forhold mellem aktører og forskellige sociale positioner. Social struktur: Hvordan et socialt system er opbygget. Hvilke normer der gælder og hvilke relationer der er mellem aktørerne. Socialisering: En proces hvor man lærer hvordan man begår sig i samfundet, og som dermed skaber ens holdninger og syn på samfundet. Socialiseringen skaber den sociale identitet, men ikke direkte personligheden. Man skelner mellem primær- og sekundær socialisering: Primærsocialisering: Forældres og familiens påvirkning Sekundærsocialisering: Påvirkning fra venner, arbejdet o.l.

Marginalisering: Udstødelse fra et socialt fællesskab. Primært når man taler om ”normalsamfundet”, og de marginaliserede befinder sig derfor i udkanten af samfundet og lever i subkulturer med ligestillede. Integration: At blive socialt integreret vil sige at man bliver en del af en gruppe eller et samfund. Man bliver så at sige ”lukket ind i varmen”. Integration foregår på alle planer af samfundet. Både når det gælder samfundet som helhed i form af fx indvandrere som integreres i et nationalt samfund, og også på de mindre planer som fx en arbejdsplads eller en skoleklasse. Det er så at sige integrationen der holder samfundet og de forskellige grupper sammen, så en disintegration vil ses i form af et opsplittet og fragmenteret samfund. Socialgruppe: At inddele samfundet i forskellige grupper er en måde at kategorisere befolkningen på efter bestemte kriterier. Normalt er der tale om en socioøkonomisk inddeling, og man opererer med 5 forskellige grupper. Socialgruppe 1 og 2: Større selvstændige og højere funktionærer. Socialgruppe 3: Mindre selvstændige og middelplacerede funktionærer. Socialgruppe 4: Husmænd, underordnede…...

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