Final-Global Environmental Change

In: Science

Submitted By brittonhse1
Words 3592
Pages 15
ENS-314 Global Environmental Change
Living in the Environment: Concepts, Connections, and Solutions, 16th ed., by G. Tyler Miller, Jr., and Scott E. Spoolman (Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole CENGAGE Learning, 2009).

FINAL PROJECT Climate Change

Prepared by Student at Thomas Edison State College

Assignment Distributed

Prepared for Global Environmental Change (ENS-314) Thomas Edison State College

Technical summary of climate change
Overwhelming scientific study demonstrate the earth’s atmosphere is warming rapidly, mostly because of human activities, and that this will lead to significant climate change during this century (Miller, Spoolman 2010).
Climate change throughout history has affected evolution and natural selection, moving continents and dispersing populations throughout the world with these movements. Until the industrialization of the human population a hundred and sixty years ago our atmosphere maintained a unique combination of chemicals. Absorbing the natural emissions from volcanic action and the life cycle, balancing the chemical composition providing a life sustaining biome. The atmosphere provides both life and protection to the ecosystems on the planet from the sun’s UV rays and a variety of debris from space.
The atmosphere acts as a blanket working in a layering system to…...

Similar Documents

Global Environmental Governance

...growing importance of global civil society in global environmental politics. Is this phenomenon synonymous with global environmental governance? The globalization phenomenon has altered many facets of the contemporary world. Areas of governance such as states’ policy making, the way companies do business, and how information is shared have all been affected by the increasingly globalized world. With all of these changes occurring at a rapid pace, state sovereignty has been challenged by a plethora of other actors who now can claim some form of governance in the global system. In the modern world sources of authority such as international governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, social movements, and multinational corporations all have joined the state in establishing governance on a wide array of issues: “Activist groups, business associations and policy research institutes now provide research and policy advise, monitor the commitments of states, inform governments and the public about the actions of their own diplomats and those of negotiation partners, and give diplomats at international meetings direct feedback (Betsill 243). In particular, one such area of global governance where there is a question of governmental authority can be seen in global environmental politics. Over the last few decades, the role of non-state actors in global governance has increased as citizens have taken their own initiatives to instigate environmental reforms:......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Environmental Change

...Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the natural environment and humans. Due to the pressures of population and technology, the biophysical environment is being degraded, sometimes permanently. This has been recognized, and governments have begun placing restraints on activities that cause environmental degradation. Since the 1960s, activity of environmental movements has created awareness of the various environmental issues. There is no agreement on the extent of the environmental impact of human activity, and protection measures are occasionally criticized. Academic institutions now offer courses, such as environmental studies, environmental management and environmental engineering, that teach the history and methods of environment protection. Protection of the environment is needed due to various human activities. Waste production, air pollution, and loss of biodiversity (resulting from the introduction of invasive species and species extinction) are some of the issues related to environmental protection. Environmental protection is influenced by three interwoven factors: environmental legislation, ethics and education. Each of these factors plays its part in influencing national-level environmental decisions and personal-level environmental values and behaviors. For environmental protection to become a reality, it is important for societies to develop......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Environmental and Global Health

...Environmental and Global Health Issues Laralee Shaffmaster Western Governor’s University Environmental and Global Health Issues This paper on environmental and global health issues in community health nursing will discuss and analyze the communicable disease measles. It will present epidemiological data, causes, manifestations and the route of transmission for measles. A graphic representation of the measles outbreak will be presented to discuss the international pattern and movement of the disease. A discussion of how the measles outbreak could affect the community will also be presented. Next, this paper will present the appropriate protocol that a community health nurse will follow to report a SARS outbreak in the community. The last subject this paper will discuss is how a community health nurse modifies their care of clients with respiratory diseases during a time when the air quality index is poor. A. Measles Rubeola or measles is a respiratory disease. Measles is a virus that normally grows in the throat cells that line the back of the throat and lungs. Once infected, measles causes runny nose, fever, cough and a head to toe rash that occurs 14 days after exposure (CDC, 2013). A1. Outbreak In the year 2000 measles became eliminated in the United States. Elimination means the disease is no longer native to the U.S. and cases are not reported for a twelve month period in endemic proportions. Outbreaks occur when people travel to countries where the......

Words: 3372 - Pages: 14

Environmental & Global Health Issues

...Environmental & Global Health Issues Barbara Salinas Community Health Practice SZT1 Western Governors University August 29, 2014 Environmental & Global Health Issues SARS The first pandemic of the 21st century began in February of 2003. The people of Asia were the first to be infected but the disease quickly spread world-wide. By the end of this pandemic over 8,000 people had become ill and 774 had died. The illness associated with this pandemic is known as Severe Acute Reparatory Syndrome, or SARS. The infectious agent associated with SARS is a virus that appears to have crown-like spikes on its surface. This virus is known as the coronavirus. This virus has four sub-groups and was commonly known to infect animals. In the 1960’s there were six strains of the coronavirus that were discovered to have the ability to infect humans. The particular strain of this virus responsible for SARS was the SARS-CoV. This particular strain of the virus has the ability to infect humans and animals (CDC, 2012). SARS is a contagious virus that is spread through droplets from person to person. This occurs as the infected person coughs or sneezes on or near a non-infected person. The droplets travel through the air as they land on the non-infected person the virus begins to invade their body. Shortly after the SARS-CoV virus has invaded and multiplied in the human body the individual may begin to experience upper respiratory symptoms such as high fever,......

Words: 2161 - Pages: 9

Environmental Changes Around Us

...Environmental Changes Around Us Our parents, grandparents kept telling us that the environment was quite a clean and green place to live in back in the days, they used to tell us many different stories of how they enjoyed taking baths in the Pasig River, standing by at the breathtaking view of the Manila Bay, and stargazing during the cold night. Have you ever wondered what happened? Why is it that we have never experienced that kind of living in this generation? Metropolitan Manila has become too hot, the streets have become flood-prone, climate change has worsened, and many typhoons have intensified further through the years. Change is the only thing permanent in this world, but for this situation, it is turning for the worst. These events are caused by global warming, or the heating up of the Earth’s atmosphere, a phenomenon we cannot just neglect. Oxford Dictionary defines global warming as “A gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants.” The discovery and naming of this phenomenon is led by a Swedish scientist names Svante Arrhenius in the year 1896. He claimed that, “Fossil fuel combustion may eventually result in enhanced global warming. He proposed a relation between atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature. He found that the average surface temperature of the......

Words: 890 - Pages: 4

Environmental Global Governance

...GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL REGIME DESCRIPTION The following paper is going to investigate, analyze and evaluate the Global Environmental Regime, topic that is included within the discipline of Global Governance. Najam, Papa and Taiyab (2006, p. 3) define the global environmental regime as “the sum of organizations, policy instruments, financing mechanism, rules, procedures and norms that regulate the processes of global environmental protection”. Nowadays, it has increased the importance of this sector in global governance, in which different actors are involved. Biermann (2004) states that global environmental regime is characterised as a multi-actor governance system where the non-state organisations have a large influence. Biermann (2004) highlights some actors such as nongovernmental lobbying as activist groups, business associations and policy research institutes; networks of scientist; the influence of mayor companies; intergovernmental organizations; and supra-national institutions (OCDE). EVALUATION Global environmental regime is an immature regime. In this section it is going to be analysed the main global governance gaps and what is their weaknesses. According to Fauchald (2010) the weaknesses of the regime are: 1. Environmental indicators still deteriorating despite the efforts of different actors. 2. Lack of coordination among the Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). It is a problem the lack of common tools and the developing of a common......

Words: 2247 - Pages: 9

Human Health and Global Environmental Change

...HUMAN HEALTH AND GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE The Global Warming is not occurring evenly. The effect is high in the poles especially the Arctic. We know the Globe is warming from thermometers placed at various points in the Earth. This gives data from about 1830’s to current day. The oldest thermometer employed to find the atmospheric temperature was from Germany. But the disadvantage is we can go back only 200 years or so. To find the facet of climate before those periods, we use ICE. Ice cores from Antarctica and Greenland are drilled and studied. As snow falls on Earth, which is mostly Ocean, it sinks in due to higher density and so the deeper we drill the Ice cores from, the older the temperature records we will end up analyzing. How do we do this study? Water is made of Hydrogen and Oxygen. There are types of Oxygen, one that weighs 16 and one that weighs 18. These are Atomic weights. This makes the molecules’ weight different. Water that is heavier condenses more readily and water that is lighter evaporates more readily. So near Equator, where the temperature is high the lighter oxygen evaporates more readily as we move to the poles the concentration of Heavier oxygen decreases compared to the concentration of Lighter Oxygen by 5%, since the temperature is lower at the poles and the light water evaporation is reduced. So when you take the ice core from various depths and analysis the ratio of Heavy water to Light water we can figure out the temperature......

Words: 3663 - Pages: 15

Global Environmental Issue

...first nuclear test in Mexico just south of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1945 (Lower and Lower). When the Cold War broke out shortly after the United States used their bombs on Japan, Russia spent all their energy on trying to overtake the United States in the arms race. By 1961, the Russians have taken the lead. At that time, the United States were capable of advanced targeting methods for their nuclear arsenal. To compensate, the Russians chose to widen the area of their nuclear bomb’s effectivity. There is a a 50-60 megaton Soviet atomic bomb codenamed Tsar to get the culmination of this competition (Lower and Lower). 1.b) A New York Times article titled Obama’s Youth Shaped His Nuclear-Free Vision reads, to achieve the goal of global denuclearization for Mr. Obama is very crucial. (Broad and Sanger A1). He thought that it is too naive to keep developing the advanced nuclear weapons in order to stop the countries like Iran and North Krean. The most powerful man in the world having this kind of opinion is a great step towards the stoppage of production of nuclear weapons. This, however, looks like it’s the most that can be done right now with nuclear weapons. Nuclear testing sites such as Los Alamos National Laboratory fields and the Novaya Zemlya are still largely left deserted. When it comes to cleaning up of ecosystems affected by nuclear waste, it seems like Russia and the United State’s strategy is to just let the nature take over just like the ghost-town......

Words: 1622 - Pages: 7

Canada’s Role in Global Environmental Governance

...International Environmental Diplomacy: Canada’s Actions in the Stockholm Convention, the Basel Convention, and the Montreal Protocol Canada’s Role in Global Environmental Governance According to John Kirton, a University of Toronto political science professor, “Canada has long been a successful pioneer in generating multilateral environmental agreements and and institutions for the global community, and its legacy…generates exceptional domestic unity and international respect” (Abstract). Canada’s respect for the environment stems from its profound understanding of the impact other countries have had on its own lands, fisheries, and other natural resources over the years. Canada’s role in global environmental governance (GEP), then, has always been large and well-defined; as Tanner put it, “Canada has taken a leading role” (p. 1). Canada and the Basel Convention The Basel Convention of 1989 was signed on March 22 of that year, and now includes 172 countries. The Basel Convention was based on concern about the transboundary movement and the disposal of hazardous wastes which was first raise in the late 1970s and early 1980s (Government of Canada, “Basel Convention”). Canada was a part of the Convention’s development and one off its original signatories; Canada also participated in global environmental governance (GEP) by using the Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations (a prior governing law known as EIHWR) to enforce hazardous waste laws already in effect......

Words: 710 - Pages: 3

Environmental Change and Renewable Energy

...about in our understanding of the world and our effects on it. Climate change is a highly debated topic with implications that reach into various sectors. A change on how we look at our effects on the climate requires a change in how we look at transportation, manufacturing, farming, and even how we light our homes. Furthermore, it requires the participation of actors the world over. When multiple nations are required, the actions of nations are not focused on what is best for the world and its people and animals, but rather what is best for the nation itself. Climate change reaches outside our borders. Unlike an invading force, a nation cannot form an army to combat the CO2 emissions of another country. Ill-fated actions by a single nation affects the world together. How can nations ensure global cooperation using traditional political means? Climate change, and by extension oil use, affects nations differently. In order to understand the reasons of resistance or acceptance from various nations of combating climate change, the effects of the change in procedure must be examined. Each nation is invested at different levels in the fight in climate change. Money or power, survival, and public outcry are major factors that may influence a nations stance and fervor on fighting climate change and the changes required by such a fight. It is obvious that a change in energy production habits results in a change in how a nation will provide energy to its people over time. As......

Words: 1939 - Pages: 8

Global Climate Change

...2016 Yolanda Williams Environmental Science 3/28/2016 2016 Yolanda Williams Environmental Science 3/28/2016 Global Climate Change Global Climate Change Global Climate Change I’m sure that everyone has noticed that the Earth has been heating up over the years. In fact, the planet is warming up rather quickly. Scientific evidence reflects this change. However, not only has there been a change in temperature, but also precipitation patterns and storms. This is said to be a result of global climate change. What is global climate change? Global climate refers to the average climate over the entire Earth. The term climate is used to describe weather conditions of a certain area over a long term period, almost like the normal weather. Do we care about global climate change? Yes, it is very important to be aware because everything that happens with the planet directly affects something else. Finally, what is causing this global climate change? Actually, scientists have yet to come up with a concrete answer on this, but for the most part, they agree that people are causing the Earth’s climate to change. How might people be the cause of global climate change? Well, scientists have concluded that most of the observed warming is very likely due to the burning of coal, oil, and gas. About two hundred years ago, technology led to an increase in population which led to an increase in the use of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and gas. This increased consumption of fossil......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Climate Change – Global Warming

...Research Paper EN 102 Climate Change – Global Warming Climate change has become really important for the whole world due to its drastic change, because of the release of carbon dioxide and other gases in the Earth’s atmosphere. The climate on Earth has always been a subject of change. From history we know that there was an ice age on the planet Earth that ended about 10,000 years ago. The time has passed; “people have developed advanced industry, and technology, discovered fossil fuels and the very effective way of using them by turning them into heat, transportation, and the basis for manufacturing and construction” (Global Climate Change.) That has changed the world forever for all of us. What are the fossil fuels? “In general, fossil fuels are a legacy bequeathed to us by the biosphere of the distant past.” Basically, on an ancient Earth existed a high concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. There also existed photosynthetic organisms that were able to absorb CO2 and produce plentiful organic material. When these organisms died, they were buried deep within the earth and slowly turned into coal and oil, and now they are presenting the fossil fuels (Global Climate Change). Since the 1800s the usage and burn of the fossil fuels has been increasing in order to power the developing technological and global civilizations. As a result of burning the fossil fuels there has been a huge release of the CO2 back into the atmosphere, increasing the atmospheric...

Words: 2339 - Pages: 10

Environmental Issues on Global Health

...Environmental Issues on Global Health Seven Environmental Issues Complete the following chart by identifying seven environmental issues that affect global health. In the second column, describe in complete sentences how the issue affects global health. Environmental issue How does the issue affect global health? Overpopulation The Earth’s natural resources are already being consumed at an unsustainable rate. Many of these resources are required to support world health and human life (Donnatelle, 2010). Human population is expected to increase dramatically over the next decade. This, alone, is the greatest threat to life on our planet. Air pollution Air pollution affects everything from agriculture and ecosystems to human health, on a global scale. The five major air pollutants are ground-level ozone, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide (Donnatelle, 2010). A majority of these pollutants are the result of human action. One example being coal power plants. These plants release greenhouse gas emissions and particle air pollution. The burning of the coal creates pollutant byproducts. Other forms of industrial pollution, exhaust fumes, burning wood, and several forms of indoor air pollutants result in air contamination. The combination of various air contaminates can be extremely toxic. The pollutants irritate the lungs and may even cause respiratory diseases and cancer in humans (Donnatelle, 2010). Ozone Layer Depletion /......

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

Global Warming and Climate Change

...Article Rebuttal: Global Warming and Climate Change Jeffrey Rohde BCOM/275 April 1, 2012 Edward D’Avola Global Warming and Climate Change A controversial and heavily debated topic in the media today is global warming and climate change. Countless articles have been written about the impact of global warming on the climate changes. A majority of the global warming claims are based on either human factors or natural cycles. I came upon a recent article by Nina Chestney titled “Global warming close to becoming irreversible”. The article claims the global warming is a result of “the world's temperature looks set to rise by six degrees Celsius by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions are allowed to rise uncontrollably” (Chestney, 2012). The temperature increase is the result of human activities. The purpose of this essay is to challenge the claims made by the author of the article. The rebuttal will be made by analyzing the credibility and validity of the author and their claims. The author’s credibility on the subject can be debated because of the lack of references listed. The points presented are, in a relative sense, true, but highly generalized. The author claims “the world's temperature looks set to rise by six degrees Celsius by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions are allowed to rise uncontrollably”(Chestney, 2012). The author fails support the claim with data. The article discusses several negative impacts on the global climate: loss......

Words: 761 - Pages: 4

Environmental Changes

...developing good water management to reach the environmental goals of Baja to benefit generations present and in the future. Social Risks Performance Improvement water system will be able to provide good drinking water systems in schools of Baja to help regulate death and illnesses. Yearly children under the age of eight die from contaminated waters used in schools; these same contaminated waters are in meal preparations, as well hand washing. The Performance Improvement system can also work well with hotels and tourist, as travelers stay that can rest assure that his or her water is safe for bathing as well drinking. Restaurants will benefit from the Performance Improvement system; tourists that know a restaurant has a good watering system in Baja, will most likely eat from there. Causing increase in customers as well profits. Team C may not be able to triumph over every water problem in Baja, but Team C is willing to conquer as many regional challenges of Baja. Team C is confident that through the Performance Improvement water system many of the environmental issues concerning, pollution, contaminations, and poor health will resolve. Because Performance Improvement system will be in Baja many jobs will be available to the locals of Baja, providing training courses on how to maintain the watering system as well creating a way out of poverty. Technology Through technology team C business will establish global deliveries to help in becoming efficient in......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Melissa Leo | QQ飞车手游电脑版 | Mac OSX Lion For Common PC Niresh12495 Fixed Kexts Hacint