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Submitted By hotrod4510

Words 913

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Words 913

Pages 4

George Gabriel

Geometric Gravity

Science, the never ending pursuit of answers, it has solved many questions thought unsolvable. It has made the impossible possible time and time again. Yet one question has stood the test of time and to this day remains unanswered. How to unite gravity with the unified field theory or UFT. But to answer that question other questions must first be asked such as, what makes gravity? Scientifically what makes gravity is unknown, gravity is just this mysterious force that exerts itself on universal and atomic scales. We understand what it does but we don’t understand what makes it happen. Throughout my studies I have come across a consistent that I believe needs to be examined and that is, not only a correlation between the geometric patterns found in multi-year planetary orbits and those found when studying Cymatics but also the correlation of those to the orbital patterns of electrons around their nucleus on the atomic level. You may be asking yourself what exactly is Cymatics, or even perhaps what is this lunatic talking about? To begin to answer these questions I will describe Cymatics first. Cymatics is the study of visible sound and vibration, a subset of modal phenomena. Typically the surface of a plate, diaphragm, or membrane is vibrated, and regions of maximum and minimum displacement are made visible in a thin coating of particles, paste, or liquid. Different patterns emerge in the exitatory medium depending on the geometry of the plate and the driving frequency. (Hans, 2001) In short it is making shapes with sounds. Below I have included a picture of some of the geometric patterns observed through Cymatics (see figure 1) as well as pictures of electron orbits (figure 2 and 3 ) and multi-year orbital patterns of some planets. (figures 4, 5, 6, and 7) As you can see upon first examination of…...

...reduced natural inspirations to their geometric equivalents and used varying planes to depict differing points of view according to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Cubism is best described by Jacques Lipchitz, a Cubist sculpture, “Cubism is like standing at a certain point on a mountain and looking around. If you go higher, things will look different; if you go lower, again they will look different. It is a point of view" (Cubism Movement, 2012). The key to truly understanding an art form is to know why it was created, or how it evolved. Cubism was a form of rebellion from the norm that existed for centuries. This norm was around since the Renaissance time period, nearly 500 years prior to Picasso, and it was to depict an object on a specific limited plane exactly as it appeared to the artist. The modern world was starting to perceive their surroundings in a deeper and more complex way; therefore, Picasso and Braque no longer wanted to be limited by such obvious, lackluster representations of their subject matter, so they made a change and Cubism began. Though Cubism was a large and wide-spread art revolution that transformed art on a global scale, it gave way to a reinvented concept of itself known as Geometric Abstraction. The use of basic geometric shapes in Cubism showed different points of view of the same subject. Geometric Abstraction took that concept, developed it, and reformed it; as stated in “Early Twentieth-Century Geometric Art” by Paul Calter “one does not......

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...Acceleration Due to Gravity Introduction In this lab you will measure the acceleration due to gravity near the earth’s surface with two experiments: first, by determining the time for a steel ball to fall a known vertical distance (free fall), and then second, by measuring the velocity of a cart at various points as it glides down a slightly inclined and nearly frictionless air track (slow fall). Equipment Part 1: Free-Fall • Free-fall apparatus (steel plate, drop mechanism) • Electronic Timer • Steel Ball Part 2: Slow-Fall • Air Track • Electronic Timer (may be different brand/model than in Part 1) • Gliding Car • Laser Photogate Background: Free Fall Acceleration Under the constant acceleration of gravity near the Earth’s surface, g, the vertical position, y, of a falling object is related to the time it has fallen by 1 y = y 0 + v 0 t " gt 2 2 where y0 and v0 are the initial position and velocity, respectively. The distance fallen after a time, t, has elapsed is: ! 1 y 0 " y = gt 2 " v 0 t 2 If you release the object from rest, v0 = 0, the equation simplifies to ! y0 " y = 1 2 gt 2 By varying the distance the ball drops and measuring the corresponding transit times, we can determine the acceleration of gravity from a best fit line to a linear graph of the experimental data. ! ! Procedure: Free-Fall Acceleration A diagram of the experimental apparatus is shown in Figure 1. When the ball loses contact with the release mechanism, the timer starts counting. It......

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...Arithmetic and geometric progressions mcTY-apgp-2009-1 This unit introduces sequences and series, and gives some simple examples of each. It also explores particular types of sequence known as arithmetic progressions (APs) and geometric progressions (GPs), and the corresponding series. In order to master the techniques explained here it is vital that you undertake plenty of practice exercises so that they become second nature. After reading this text, and/or viewing the video tutorial on this topic, you should be able to: • recognise the diﬀerence between a sequence and a series; • recognise an arithmetic progression; • ﬁnd the n-th term of an arithmetic progression; • ﬁnd the sum of an arithmetic series; • recognise a geometric progression; • ﬁnd the n-th term of a geometric progression; • ﬁnd the sum of a geometric series; • ﬁnd the sum to inﬁnity of a geometric series with common ratio |r| < 1. Contents 1. Sequences 2. Series 3. Arithmetic progressions 4. The sum of an arithmetic series 5. Geometric progressions 6. The sum of a geometric series 7. Convergence of geometric series www.mathcentre.ac.uk 1 c mathcentre 2009 2 3 4 5 8 9 12 1. Sequences What is a sequence? It is a set of numbers which are written in some particular order. For example, take the numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, . . . . Here, we seem to have a rule. We have a sequence of odd numbers. To put this another way, we start with the number 1, which is an odd number, and then each successive number is......

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...Copyright c 2006 by Karl Sigman 1 Geometric Brownian motion Note that since BM can take on negative values, using it directly for modeling stock prices is questionable. There are other reasons too why BM is not appropriate for modeling stock prices. Instead, we introduce here a non-negative variation of BM called geometric Brownian motion, S(t), which is deﬁned by S(t) = S0 eX(t) , (1) where X(t) = σB(t) + µt is BM with drift and S(0) = S0 > 0 is the intial value. Taking logarithms yields back the BM; X(t) = ln(S(t)/S0 ) = ln(S(t))−ln(S0 ). ln(S(t)) = ln(S0 )+X(t) is normal with mean µt + ln(S0 ), and variance σ 2 t; thus, for each t, S(t) has a lognormal distribution. 2 As we will see in Section 1.4: letting r = µ + σ , 2 E(S(t)) = ert S0 the expected price grows like a ﬁxed-income security with continuously compounded interest rate r. In practice, r >> r, the real ﬁxed-income interest rate, that is why one invests in stocks. But unlike a ﬁxed-income investment, the stock price has variability due to the randomness of the underlying Brownian motion and could drop in value causing you to lose money; there is risk involved here. (2) 1.1 Lognormal distributions If Y ∼ N (µ, σ 2 ), then X = eY is a non-negative r.v. having the lognormal distribution; called so because its natural logarithm Y = ln(X) yields a normal r.v. X has density f (x) = This is derived via computing xσ 1 √ e 2π −(ln(x)−µ)2 2σ 2 0, d dx F (x) , if x ≥ 0; if x < 0. for ...

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...Reflection Journal: Module 3 & 4 1. Gravity- The force that attracts everything to the center of the earth. 2. Inertia- To remain unchanged 3. Potential Energy- Energy that is stored up 4. Kinetic Energy- Energy being released 5. Friction- The resistance on a surface or object when moving over another 6. Traction- Dragging or pulling something over a surface 7. Centrifugal Force- A force that acts outward on a body moving around a center, arising from the body’s inertia 8. Centripetal Force- A force that acts on a body moving in a circular path and is directed toward the center around which the body is moving 9. Deceleration- A decrease in rate of change 10. Force of Impact- The force in which one thing hits another or in which two objects collide 1. A- Broken yellow lines mean you are allowed to pass but with caution B- Broken yellow lines indicate that traffic is moving in the opposite direction C- White lines indicate that the traffic flow is going in the same direction and you are eligible to pass one another with caution 2. A- A stop sign it is a red octagonal shape that means you stop. B- A handicap sign is a blue rectangular shape with a person in a wheelchair in white on it, which means you can only go there if you are disabled. C- Recreational signs are usually found in parks for example a brown square with a white figure swimming means that you are allowed to swim there. D- A red and white upside down......

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... Malinao SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND ABSORPTION I. OBJECTIVE To determine the Apparent, Bulk (Dry), Bulk (SSD) specific gravity and the absorption in percentage of the coarse and fine aggregate sample II. PROCEDURE WITH PICTURES COARSE AGGREGATES 1. Approximately five kilograms of the coarse aggregate sample was taken by method of quartering. The 5 kg coarse aggregate sample was sieved by the 3/8” sieve and the materials passing through were discarded. (Figure 1) 2. The sample coarse aggregate was washed thoroughly with water to remove dust and other materials coating the individual aggregate and the sample was soaked under water for 24 hours. (Figure 2) 3. The soaked aggregates were removed and each aggregate was wiped to saturated surface dry (SSD) condition. (Figure 3) 4. The SSD weight in air (B) of aggregate to the nearest 0.1 gram was obtained. This was done quickly to prevent evaporation. 5. The weight of the wire mesh basket was determined. The coarse aggregate sample was placed in the wire mesh basket and its weight in water (C) was determined. The weight of the wire mesh basket in water was subtracted. (Figure 4) 6. The wet aggregate was placed inside the oven at a temperature not exceeding 110°C and the constant oven dry weight (A) was determined. (Figure 5) 7. From the data obtained, the specific gravity and absorption as defined below were solved: a) Apparent Specific Gravity = AA-C b) Bulk Specific Gravity (Dry) = AB-C ......

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...NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE GRAVITY EQUATION IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE: AN EXPLANATION Thomas Chaney Working Paper 19285 http://www.nber.org/papers/w19285 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 August 2013 I want to thank Fernando Alvarez, Michal Fabinger, Xavier Gabaix, Sam Kortum, Bob Lucas, Jim Tybout, Jon Vogel and seminar participants in Berkeley, Bilkent, Bocconi, Boston University, Chicago, Erasmus, Hitotsubashi, LBS, Louvain-CORE, LSE, the NY Fed, Oxford, Princeton, Rochester, Sciences Po, Toulouse, UBC Vancouver, Yale and Zurich for helpful discussions, and NSF grant SES-1061622 for financial support. I am indebted to Jong Hyun Chung, Stefano Mosso and Adriaan Ten Kate for their research assistance. During the last year, I have received compensation for teaching activities from the Toulouse School of Economics, as well a research grant from the National Science Foundation (SES-1061622), in excess of $10,000. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER working papers are circulated for discussion and comment purposes. They have not been peerreviewed or been subject to the review by the NBER Board of Directors that accompanies official NBER publications. © 2013 by Thomas Chaney. All rights reserved. Short sections of text, not to exceed two paragraphs, may be quoted without explicit permission provided that full......

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...gravitational waves will occur within the next decade. 2 The Detection of Gravitational Waves, How Close Are We? Einstein's general theory of relativity was published in 1915.1 Since that time many of the predictions derived from the theory have been experimentally observed. Three main examples are the bending of light by gravity, the red-shift of light traveling in a gravitational field, and the precession of Mercury. Einstein's theory has been credibly established because of observations like these. There are still other predictions that have yet to be observed. The detection of gravitational waves is one of these predictions. It was discovered in 1916 that the general theory of relativity predicts the existence of gravitational waves. “Gravitational waves are perturbations in the curvature of spacetime propagating with the velocity of light. They are caused by accelerating masses.”2 In order to understand the concept of a gravitational wave it is helpful to understand gravity as explained by the general theory of relativity. Relativity does not analyze gravity in terms of forces and acceleration as in Newtonian physics. Instead it explains gravity in terms of the geometry of spacetime. Space time is a very difficult concept to visualize. It is made up of the three positionaxes, x, y and z, but also includes the dimension of time. It is the fourth axis of time that makes spacetime difficult to conceptualize. Spacetime is all around us. It maybe helpful to think of it......

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...Dihat Kaya 05/20/14 (Zirve Üniversitesi-İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi) GRAVITY: Felsefe Bilim ve Sinema Bilim kurgu filmleri dediğimizde akla sıklıkla fütüristtik uzay mekikleri, robotlar veya diğer teknolojiler eşliğinde; dünya dışı yaşam formları, yabancı gezegenler ve zaman yolculuğu gibi hayali fenomenler akla gelir. 1968 yılında vizyona bir film geldi ve tüm algıları değiştirdi. Stanley Kubrick 2001: A Space Odyssey filmi ile, geçmişten günümüze siyasal ve toplumsal konularda toplumsal eleştiri yaparak "bizi insan yapan şeyin ne olduğu" gibi felsefi konuları irdeledi. İnsanoğlunun evrimini Darvinci bir bakış açısıyla karikatürize eden 2001: A Space Odyssey sık sık söylendiği gibi bilimkurgu sinemasının şimdilik en yetkin örneği. 2000’li yıllara geldiğimizde her çektiği filmle adından söz ettiren bir yönetmen karşılıyor bizi. Çektiği 2006 tarihli Children of Men (Son Umut) filmi ile Hollywood’daki yönetmen sineması çıtasını yükseğe çeken Alfonso Cuaron, son filmi Gravity (Yerçekimi) ile bu çıtaya bir basamak daha koydu. Cuaron’un hikaye anlatıcılığındaki eşsiz becerileri ve üst düzey teknik başarıları ile başyapıt statüsüne girebilecek Gravity, uzay görevleri sırasında, uzay gemilerinin hasar görmesi sonucu iki astronotun hayatta kalma mücadelesini konu almaktadır. Dr. Ryan Stone (Sandra Bullock) zeki bir tıp mühendisidir ve emekliliğinden önce son görevine çıkan yetenekli ve deneyimli astronot Matt Kowalsky (George Clooney )'nin yönetimindeki mekikte......

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...Gravity destoner machine is not only widely applied for removing stone from all kinds of seeds and grains, also can be used in other fields such as remove stone from active carbon. Using the difference of specific gravity and suspending speed between grains and stones, and by means of air stream passing up through space of grain kernels, the stoner separates stones from grains. GRAVITY DESTONER MACHINE produced by Win Tone Machinery is absolutely reliable. The heavy impurities such as stones having the same size and shame with grain kernels are in the lower layer and move to the stone outlet by means of directional, slope and reciprocating movement of stoning sieve plate, while grains floating in the upper layer roll under self gravity to discharge outlet, so as to separate from grains the stones having the same size and shame with grain kernels. Wintone Machinery is mainly engaged in gravity destoner machine, wheat processing engineering, wheat equipment manufacturing, installation, commissioning and training service. Win Tone machinery has rich experience in gravity destoner machine installing and producing, scientific management methods, complete quality assurance system, which guarantee us to finish our each oil processing project reliably. Gravity destoner machine is tested on various quality parameters and is designed in compliance with the set industry standards. We offer these machines according to the customers requirements at affordable prices. Want to......

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...Journal of Economic Integration 23(1), March 2008; 42-56 The Trade Potential of the Arab Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC): A Gravity Model Approach Dr. Houcine Boughanmi Sultan Qaboos University Abstract The GCC region has recently witnessed the creation of a customs union between the countries of the region as well as the signature of many free trade areas with countries/blocs outside the region (i.e. US and EU). The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potential of trade of the GCC countries within the context of the old and the emerging preference trade arrangements in the region of Middle East and North African Countries (MENA). A gravity trade model was estimated based on pooled time series-cross-sectional data of bilateral trade of the MENA countries with their major trading partners. The results indicate that in spite of the fact that the share of GCC intra-trade is too small in absolute terms, it is actually higher than expected on the basis of underlying trade determinants. However the level of the GCC intra-trade has not changed significantly over the years and had probably reached its full potential during the first decade of the GCC creation. Trade with the Mashreq countries are more than expected, while it is less than expected with the Maghreb countries despite the implementation of the GAFTA a decade ago. The GCC trade with the European Union and the US was found to be quite intensive although no formal trade arrangement existed between the GCC and......

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...gravitational waves will occur within the next decade. 2 The Detection of Gravitational Waves, How Close Are We? Einstein's general theory of relativity was published in 1915.1 Since that time many of the predictions derived from the theory have been experimentally observed. Three main examples are the bending of light by gravity, the red-shift of light traveling in a gravitational field, and the precession of Mercury. Einstein's theory has been credibly established because of observations like these. There are still other predictions that have yet to be observed. The detection of gravitational waves is one of these predictions. It was discovered in 1916 that the general theory of relativity predicts the existence of gravitational waves. “Gravitational waves are perturbations in the curvature of spacetime propagating with the velocity of light. They are caused by accelerating masses.”2 In order to understand the concept of a gravitational wave it is helpful to understand gravity as explained by the general theory of relativity. Relativity does not analyze gravity in terms of forces and acceleration as in Newtonian physics. Instead it explains gravity in terms of the geometry of spacetime. Space time is a very difficult concept to visualize. It is made up of the three positionaxes, x, y and z, but also includes the dimension of time. It is the fourth axis of time that makes spacetime difficult to conceptualize. Spacetime is all around us. It maybe......

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...Jared Cruz Professor Estrada American Lit. 1 April 18th, 2015 Word Count: 1,799 Gravity: An Analysis of Insanity in Wieland To some, the definition of madness is a state in which one is mentally unstable and filled with irrationality. To others like famous scientist Albert Einstein, true insanity is doing the same thing over and over expecting different results every time. Regardless of how it is defined, one fact about insanity or madness remains true to this day and can be summed up by one quote from perhaps the most famous insane character of all time, the Joker: “Madness, as you know, is like gravity... All it takes is a little push!” This very idea of insanity and how susceptible to madness the mind can be is a central theme throughout Charles Brockden Brown's Wieland. In the novel, one of the primary forces behind everyone's growing paranoia and dementia are a series of voices that literally cause the protagonist's brother, Theodore Wieland, to murder his wife and children. Of course the voices not only affect Theodore, but rather the entire community as a whole, namely the protagonist herself. Clara Wieland is just as easily prone to the insanity that overcomes her circle of friends and family. Many times throughout the novel, Clara demonstrates various qualities of irrationality, such as contemplating suicide and struggling to maintain grasp onto reality. While these are prime examples of madness within the novel, one's sanity that often goes unchecked is that...

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...Lucius Gardner Mrs. Henry AP Physics 16 February 2016 Gravity Research Project Over the past several hundred years there have been many great scientists that have come up with significant ideas and theories in the scientific field of gravitational research. These scientists include but are not limited to Aristotle, Galileo, Kepler, Newton and Einstein! Each one of these scientist have come along after another, using each other’s ideas to further expand the human species’ knowledge on gravity and how it works. They have each left a unique mark on the scientific community. The Greek philosopher Aristotle was the first of his kind, coming up with the first theory about gravity even existing around the 4th century BC. Aristotle’s belief was that there is no effect or motion in the universe without a cause for it. He believed that heavy bodies moved downward toward the center of our universe, while light bodies moved toward the Moon. A heavy body would be something like the element of earth, not the Earth. While a light body would be something like the element of fire. Aristotle also believed that objects of different weights fall at different speeds. This gave the belief that heavier objects should fall at faster speeds than lighter objects. The next scientist to have a voice on the theory of gravity is the Italian scientist Galileo Galilei. Galileo showed that Aristotle’s assumption that the speed of falling bodies is determined by their weight is outright wrong. He......

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...Daisy Dai Grade11 Class1 Physics Whether the Gravity is the product of the Electromagnetism I. Introduction Gravity and electromagnetism are both the fundamental forces in the world; they are unique in physics and thought of some connections between them by some scientists. However, according to the studies, gravity isn’t a product of electromagnetism because they are juxtaposed to each other in physics’ identifications. From the formula (G=mg) created by Newton, the gravity is related only to mass. And this leads concept of gravitational fields. But the electromagnetic force are definitely different from that one. It is related not to mass but to the electric charge（F=qvB), and this leads to the concept of electric field. Since the Earth exists the gravitational field, the electric field and the magnetic field which don’t have any affiliation with each other by observing the formulas, they will not have connection with each other. But for electric and magnetic force, the sources of magnetic fields are electrical currents, caused by moving electric charges or small dipoles associated with molecular and atomic structure. So, there is electromagnetic force that electromagnetism exists in the universe. However, these forces actually have connections with each other instead of non-connection relationship. In fact, gravity is not the subordinate relationship with electromagnetism but the similar ones. All......

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