Health and Diabetes

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Submitted By cmecham
Words 1494
Pages 6
Health and Diabetes
Cindy Furca
The Science of Nutrition/SCI241
7/20/2012
Janet Yarrow

What is diabetes? Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a disease in which a person has high glucose (blood sugar). This can occur either because there is an inadequate production of insulin or because the body does not respond properly to insulin. It is also possible that both could happen to a person. There are three different types of diabetes, type I, type II and gestational. (medicalnewstoday.com) With type I diabetes the body does not produce insulin. Generally a person would develop type I diabetes before the age of 40, usually in teenage years or early adulthood. Ten percent of diabetics are type I, or often called insulin dependent. People with type I diabetes are required to take insulin shots for the rest of their lives. They must also perform regular blood tests to ensure their blood-glucose levels are accurate. Lastly they must follow a special diet. (medicalnewstoday.com) Type II diabetes is when the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells in the body do not react to the body. Roughly 90 percent of diabetics are type II. Some of these people are able to control it by losing weight and watching their diet. Typically type II diabetes gradually gets worse. Many of these people end up taking insulin, generally in a pill form. (medicalnewstoday.com) The third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes. This affects woman who are pregnant. They have high levels of glucose in their blood making the body unable to produce enough insulin. Gestational diabetes is diagnosed during pregnancy and can generally be controlled through diet and exercise. If diabetes goes left untreated during pregnancy, there is a risk for complications during child birth. Also the baby could weigh more at birth than desired.…...

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