Just in Time

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Submitted By danitafm
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Filosofía: “las materias primas y los productos llegan justo a tiempo, bien para la fabricación o para el servicio al cliente“.
Sus bases son la reducción de los “desperdicios”. Esta filosofía se basa principalmente en dos expresiones que resumen sus objetivos, “el hábito de ir mejorando “y la “eliminación de prácticas desperdiciadoras“.

Nacimiento del Just in Time

Nació en Japón, donde fue aplicado por la empresa automovilística Toyota que lo empezó a utilizar a principios de los años 50 y el propósito principal de este sistema era eliminar todos los elementos innecesarios en el área de producción y es utilizado para alcanzar reducciones de costos nunca imaginados y cumpliendo con las necesidades de los clientes a los costos más bajos posibles como se ha comentado en la introducción. Rápidamente al aplicar este método, Toyota se convirtió en líder mundial en su sector.
Estas cinco fases forman la base de la puesta en práctica del J.I.T
Primera fase: Poner el sistema en marcha.
Segunda fase: educación.
Tercera fase: conseguir mejoras del proceso.
Cuarta fase: conseguir mejoras del control.
Quinta fase: ampliar la relación proveedor / cliente.

Principios fundamentales del Just in Time

1. Atacar los problemas fundamentales.
La filosofía del J.I.T. indica que cuando aparecen problemas debemos enfrentarnos a ellos y resolverlos. Cuando hay una máquina o un proceso que forma un cuello de botella, uno de los enfoques occidentales tradicionales ha sido intentar conseguir una programación mejor y más compleja para asegurar que nunca se queda sin trabajo, disminuyendo así el efecto del cuello de botella.
El enfoque J.I.T. ante una máquina o un proceso que constituye un cuello de botella sería, en cambio, reducir el tiempo de preparación para conseguir una mayor capacidad, buscar máquinas o procesos alternativos, comprar…...

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