Life of Mahatma Gandhi

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Submitted By arunvnadh
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The life of Mohandas Gandhi illustrates how strong the ethical positions taken by an individual can direct and nature a mass-movement and lead to fundamental changes in political and social institutions in his own country, as well as to new approaches to political reform around the world. During a long life, Gandhi brought together disparate groups in the search of social justice, and modified the Indian Independence Movement with a philosophy and strategy of non-violence and civil disobedience that proved successful finally in convincing the British to leave India.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in the town of Porbander in the state of Gujarat on 1869, his father , Karamchand Gandhi and mother, Putlibai. He had his schooling in nearby Rajkot.
In 1885, Gandhi went to England and study for the bar there–with an English law degree.
Gandhi’s primary concerns were those of India’s vast underclasses. He opposed the Indian caste system and worked throughout his life to alleviate the suffering of India’s desperate poor. In Bombay, a remarkable event occurred: The elders of Gandhi's caste, the Modh Banias (a merchant caste, neither as high as the priestly Brahmins nor as low as the shunned untouchables) learned of the proposed trip and objected. No member of their caste could go to England, they solemnly declared, because such a trip would inevitably involve impurity, and Hinduism could not be practiced in Europeanpe. By this point, however, Gandhi was determined to go, and so he allowed himself to be expelled from his caste. For the remainder of his life, he would be "out-caste", an appropriate condition for a man who labored hard to put an end to caste divisions in India. All obstacles now removed, Gandhi sailed for England in September of 1888.
In London, Gandhi encountered theosophists, vegetarians, and others who were disenchanted not only with industrialism,…...

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