Medical Research

In: Novels

Submitted By ilovecee
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English for SpecificPurposes, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 119-138, 1997
© 1997 The AmericanUniversity.Published by ElsevierScience Ltd
All rights reserved. Printed in Great Britain
08894906/97 $17.00+0.00

PIh S0889-4906(90)00019-1

T h e M e d i c a l R e s e a r c h Paper: S t r u c t u r e and Functions
K evin Ngozi N w o g u
A bstract--Studies i nto the organization of information in the medical research p aper have tended to present accounts of the structure of information in s ections in isolation. The structure of information in all sections of the medical r esearch paper was investigated using Swales' (1981, 1990) genre-analysis m odel. An eleven-move schema was identified, out of which nine were found t o be "normally required" and two "optional". Each schema was found to e mbody "constituent elements" and to be characterized by distinct linguistic f eatures. The study provides insights into the nature of discourse organization in this genre of written discourse. © 1997 The American University. Published b y Elsevier Science Ltd

I ntroduction
A s with most experimental research reports, the medical research paper is a highly technical form with a standard format for the presentation of i nformation. This format is the division of the paper into "Introduction,
M ethods, Results and Discussion" - - the traditional IMRD sections of the r esearch paper.
M ost research article writers are familiar with the IMRD format, but not all are conscious of the fact that there exists an internal ordering of the i nformation presented in the various sections of the research article. This l ack of awareness may account partly for the difficulty which most writers, e specially new entrants into the academic discourse community face with p roducing clear, coherent and logically organized research reports.
A n umber of studies have shown…...

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