Mineral and Water Function

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Submitted By casimae
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Mineral and Water Function
Minerals and water are essential to health and bodily functions. Minerals are important to muscle functions and body structure, nerve function and fluid balance. There are sixty minerals that make up only 4% of our body weight. Twenty-two minerals are required in the dietary intake to maintain health. There are two categories that minerals are broken down in to, macrominerals and microminerals. Macrominerals are considered major minerals and include calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride and sulfur. Microminerals or trace elements are needed in smaller quantities and include iron, copper, zinc, selenium and iodine among others. Trace elements are likewise important but are needed in smaller amounts.
All of these minerals have a certain function and its own source. Sources of minerals are abundant and can be found in both food and plant sources. For fluid balance, sodium, potassium and chloride are all necessary. Magnesium, sodium, calcium and potassium are critical for proper nerve transmission and functioning. Magnesium and phosphorus are both required for healthy bones and teeth and sulfur is needed for healthy protein molecules. Calcium is most known to keep bones and teeth healthy, it is also important for blood clotting, immune system and regulation and blood pressure regulation. It also helps with muscle contraction and relaxing. Phosphorus is also important for healthy bones and teeth and found in every cell; part of the system that maintains acid-base balance. Sources are milk and milk products; canned fish with bones; fortified tofu and fortified soy milk; greens and legumes. Chloride makes stomach acid but also plays a part in nerve transmission and is needed for fluid balance. Table salt, soy sauce and large amounts of processed foods all contain sodium and chloride. Milk, meats, breads and vegetables are…...

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