Music Appreciation

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Biography and Analysis of Franz Joseph Hayden and Symphony No. 95 in C Minor

MUSI 1320 Music Appreciation

Franz Joseph Haydn Franz Joseph Haydn was born on March 31, 1732 in Rohrau, Austria (Green, 2013). He did not come from a strong musical background; his family did not have any music professionals in it. However, his father was an amateur musician, his main profession was the village wheelwright. At an early age, Joseph had a wonderful voice. When he was eight he was sent to Vienna to become a choirboy at St. Stephen’s Cathedral. When he left the choir he made money by playing and teaching the violin as a freelance musician. Haydn would then go onto become an assistant for composer Nicola Porpora. Then in 1761 he was appointed Kapellmeister at the Esterhazy family palace, he would hold this position for the next 30 years (biography.com, 2013). The position of Kapellmeister consisted of managing and writing music for the prince’s chapel, but in addition to his private opera house, marionette theater, and palace chamber music. Haydn composed a total of 104 symphonies, more than 20 operas, 83 string quartets, in addition to several divertimentos, trios, and sonatas.. During his time with the Esterhazy family, Haydn’s popularity continued to grow outside the palace walls. He would come to write as much music for publication as he was for the royal family. Some of his most successful works that were commissioned abroad included the Paris symphonies and “The Seven Last Words of Christ”. In 1791, a new Esterhazy prince allowed Haydn to leave the palace. Haydn would then move to England to conduct more symphonies. During his stay in England he composed some of his best works. Some of those works’ included “Rider” and the London symphonies. In his later years, he would create his final masterpieces, which consisted of “powerful choral works” (allmusic.com,…...

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