Nursing Role in the Care of People with Dementia: Using Recovery Approach

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NURSING ROLE IN THE CARE OF PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA: USING RECOVERY APPROACH
Dementia is defined by (World Health Organization, 1992) as a disease of the brain, usually of a chronic or progressive nature in which there is disturbance of multiple higher cortical function including memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, language and judgment. Consciousness is not clouded. The impairments of cognitive function are commonly accompanied and occasionally preceded by deterioration in emotional control, social behavioral or motivation. In view of the above symptoms, nursing care is important to help the patient in management of the condition.

According to statistics It is estimated that 24.3 million people have dementia worldwide (Alzheimer’s Association, 2009) and with the United Kingdom (UK) having over 700,000 people with dementia, a condition costing the economy a staggering £17 billion a year (DH, 2009). As the dementia patients cannot explain their symptoms, care is based on the assumption that patients will express their wishes and be willing to comply (Archibald, 2003).

The recovery approach in nursing people with dementia should be based largely on the documentation of the patients biography which is important in understanding how he or she responds to situations with a particular focus of the cultural and religious aspects(Hazel Heath (2010) The approach to be used by nursing in a recovery approach should include communication

According to (Archibald, 2003), nurses should seek to discuss with patients the approach that they can use in caring for them. Although communication might prove to be frustrating with the patient, this opportunity offers an excellent platform to identify the most rehearsed responses that are most effective with the dementia patient. (Dewing, 2003).

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