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Orem Self-Care Theory

In: Other Topics

Submitted By gdoshi1
Words 2097
Pages 9
Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem
Description of Theory: This paper will discuss about Orem’s general theory of nursing and major concepts of her theory are person, health, nursing and environment. Orem’s general theory of nursing consists of three parts. Each theory is presented as a set of assumptions and propositions. According to Current Nursing (2012) (i) Theory of self- care includes: self- care means individuals perform activities on their own to maintain life, health, and well-being. Self- care Agency is a human ability to engaging in self-care conditioned by age developmental state, life experience, sociocultural orientation health, and available resources. Therapeutic self-care demand is,” totally of self-care action to be performed for some period of time by using valid method, sets of operation and action to meet self- care demands”(para.4). Self-care requisite includes three catagories: Universal self-care, developmental self-care, and health deviation self-care requisites. (ii) Theory of self-care deficit clarifies that when nursing is in need and five helping methods: Acting for and doing for others, guiding others, supporting another, providing an environment for personal development in order to meet future demands, and teaching another.(iii)Theory of nursing system describes how patient’s self-care needs will be meet by the nurse and patient. Orem identifies three classifications of nursing system to meet the self-care necessities of the patient are wholly compensatory system, partly compensatory system, and supportive- educative system (Current Nursing, 2012).
Theorist’s Historical background: Dorothea Orem was born in 1914 in Baltimore, USA. She earned her diploma at Providence Hospital, Washington, DC. She earned BSN Ed.in 1939 and MSN Ed. in 1945 from Catholic University of America. She also received honorary doctorates as Doctor of…...

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