Pakistan Contribution to Global War on Terrorism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By saadizia
Words 8479
Pages 34
IPRI Journal XIII, on 1 (Winter 9/11 Pakistan’s Contribution to Global War no. Terror after2013): 37-56

37

PAKISTAN’S CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL WAR ON TERROR AFTER 9/11
Dr. Hidayat Khan∗
Abstract Pakistan’s contribution to the “War on Terror” far exceeds its strength and size. Pakistan lost more than 35000 lives to save American people from another 9/11 attack. Pakistan’s economic loss amounted to 67 billion US dollars but still the US is not satisfied with Pakistan’s performance and pressurizes it to “Do More.” In this situation what should Pakistan do as a sovereign state? At the same time what is the international community’s responsibility towards Pakistan as a partner in this global war? The United States (US) and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) have been fighting against the Taliban for the last decade but the war is nowhere near its end. This study is an exploration of the question whether war is the solution or the problem?

Key Words: War on Terror, World Response, Pakistan’s Contribution, Operations, Agreements.

Background

P

akistan has always played a constructive role in the United Nations (UN) — it is one of its largest net troop contributors and its active role in the solution of world issues is internationally recognized. It borders three major strategic regions; South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East, and its geographical proximity to Afghanistan has made it an important partner of the United States. Pakistan has played a significant role, both during the Cold War and as a non-NATO member in the US-led “War on Terror” against al Qaeda and the Taliban. After 9/11 terrorism became a serious problem in international relations. It was the first time in recent history that the US had been confronted with such a huge disaster on its own soil. Maintaining internal security and protecting its global interests became a…...

Similar Documents

The Global War on Terrorism

...The Global War on Terrorism This was begun after the September 11th attacks on Washington and New York. For the last nine years the worlds has been in a constant state of vigilance for acts of terrorism. This is truly a global war in that the participants are from around the globe. There are many participants such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, France and smaller countries that I would have never thought to have a large military force, such as Kenya, Australia and Lebanon. Each country has different reasons for joining. The general party line is to secure the freedom of all counties from further al-Qaeda attacks. Yet everyone has a different opinion of the necessary outcome. During an interview with the Daily Telegraph, General David Richards stated “a victory is unnecessary and would never be achieved.” They could be contained to the point that our lives and our children’s lives are led securely. The Chairman of the Counter-Terrorism Committee, Ambassador Apakan told the committee, “We should be as vigilant and resilient as ever and counter-terrorism should remain a priority for the international community”. The first President Bush stated “This Crusade – this war on terrorism – is gong to take a while and the American people must be patient”. A few days later during a speech to Congress he said “Our war on terror begins with al-Qaeda, but it does not end there. It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found,......

Words: 843 - Pages: 4

Impact of Global Financial Crisis on Pakistan

...Impact of Global financial crisis On Pakistan By: Nauman Ayubi Butt Roll # 8511 Table of contents 1) Reason of choosing this topic 2) Introduction 3) The term ‘Financial Crises’ 4) Financial Crisis 2007-2009 5) Causes of the crisis 6) The crisis getting global 7) The Financial crisis and Pakistan: 8) Sectoral impact of the crisis in Pakistan: 9) External sector impact i) Exports ii) Imports 10) Financial Sector impact on i) Foreign exchange ii) Banking sector iii) Circular debt iv) Stock market: 11) Inflation 12) Economic business sector impact i) Impact on textile industry 13) Social Sector Impacts 14) Poverty and unemployment: 15) IMF 16) Technique to tackle the situation Reason for choosing this topic: The reason for choosing this topic is that it has a direct relationship with the poverty, unemployment, literacy, wealth distribution and also with the increased level of terrorism in Pakistan. Introduction: Capitalism is an economic system in which land labor production pricing and distribution are all determined by the market. There is a strong history of capitalism that it can shift from extended period of rapid growth to very short periods of contraction The global financial crisis in 2008-09 which are still on the go, they actually started from the 20th century and they have been increasing since then. In the end of 20th century the U.S housing prices after a multiyear started declining, the mortgage prices had been......

Words: 5046 - Pages: 21

War on Terrorism and Drugs

...Discussion: Integration of the Global War on Terrorism with the War on Drugs Unfortunately, like the war against Terrorism, there is also a war against drugs. It appears to be a connection between drug activity and the undermining of governments around the world (Creed, 2007). Mark Kleiman states, “…links between illegal drugs and terrorism are important considerations in formulating a drug control policy and a campaign against terror.” After the events of September 11, Department of Homeland Security and U.S. Northern Command was created to pay close attention to utilizing all resources that are available to counter terrorism as well as use those very resources in a way that will combat the fight against drugs. Both fights (Terrorism/Drugs) should be considered as one. With integrating the two, the transformation of the drugs can become more global rather than domestic, just as terrorism is a global threat (Creed, 2007). The elements of national power play a major role in developing strategies must be synchronized and stick together in a way that when faced with national and international power the end product can be a success. “Narco-terrorism is defined as a complex nexus between the illegal drug trade and terrorism. DEA describes narco-terrorism as a group of organized individuals working together in order to further, or fund, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets with the intention to influence their respective ideologies. DOD...

Words: 852 - Pages: 4

Global Political Economy of Pakistan

...scenarios of an uncertain and unknown future. This article therefore examines the past developments, current trends of Pakistani economy and the future global and regional outlook and builds the most likely scenario for the medium term economic prospects of the country (next 10 years or so) and then reviews the downside risks and upside gains around this scenario. 2. Pakistan is still a low income country and it would require at least next 14 years of 7 percent average annual GDP growth to double its per-capita income to around $ 2000 (official exchange rate conversion). This growth rate should also be able to reduce the incidence of poverty by half and meet the Millennium Development Goal. 3. It is easy to make this normative statement but more difficult question is how can this growth rate be achieved on a sustained basis? The prophets of doom and gloom in Pakistan (and there are plenty of them) who are constantly polluting the minds of our younger generation and turning them into cynics at very early age sapping their energies for constructive thinking and actions would dismiss this exercise as a figment of imagination or at best a fantasy. To them, all the economic gains have accrued due to the windfall of 9/11 and Pakistan’s support to the US in the war against terror. When confronted with the stark fact that Pakistan was one of the few countries that grew by 6 percent annually between 1960 and 1990 and reduced the incidence of poverty to as low as 18 percent they......

Words: 2214 - Pages: 9

War on Terrorism

...tremendous. It left America in shock, anger, and sadness just to name a few adjectives to describe the insurmountable amount of feelings that we felt on that day. With America being such a powerful nation, after recovering from the attack the next ideal step would be to seek retaliation, right? Well on October 7th 2001, the war in Afghanistan began marking the first step in the War on Terror. The 9/11 tragedy was very devastating to the American morale and our sense of security. America being so powerful and strong it may be logical to see how we had a false sense of security when it came to attacks on us. I mean, who would really want to attack one of the strongest nations on Earth? No other nation in their right mind would, right? Wrong. When those two planes hit our towers and another hitting the pentagon we were slapped with a reality check. We weren’t as safe as we thought we were. To add onto things, on September 18th and October 9th, 2001, we were hit by the anthrax attack that killed five and injured seventeen Americans. Something had to be done about this. We shouldn’t be letting other nations attack us like this. So George W. Bush began the War on Terror. The single person who took responsibility for these attacks on America is the notorious Osama Bin Laden. Bin Laden founded the jihadist terrorist organization known as al-Qaeda at around 1988 to late 1989....

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

War on Terrorism

...Jonathan Abreu EN1320 Monday 6:00pm – 10:45pm Unit 5 Assignment 1: Genre Essay- Proposal Draft Terrorism Terrorisms have been part of our lives for a long time. In recent years terrorist attacks have sky rocketed due to governmental and religious disputes. Terrorism comes in different ways such as murder, kidnaping, hijacking and bombings. Terrorism like its own word describes terrorizes by interrupting the peace and our security by the use of political and religious attacks. Terrorism has become the number one choice to probe governmental and religious opposition to those who oppose the cause or believe of certain groups. Some of these terrorist groups take aim at specific location to create fear on those who don’t follow their cause hoping that the fear will make you not want to oppose them. Many groups operate within a single nation or region. (Wilcox, page 1) These groups can also spread out all through the world making hard to control as they rely on guerrilla warfare. (Mockaitis, Par 3) Now in this day and age we have this groups joining terrorist leader spreading all across the world making it hard to monitor and control terrorist attacks. We receive treat on a daily bases now a days, therefore counter terrorism has to be at the top of the game. In a time where every nation is connected with each other, protecting our assets has become much greater. (Cordesman, Par 1) because of the importance of protecting these assets, most countries have special units......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

War on Terrorism

...HIST 1302 War on Terrorism When researching the world's current affair concerning terrorism, it is hard to say whether or not the global war on terrorism has been an effective one. Since the attack on the World Trade Centers in New York City on September 11, 2001, former president of the United States George W. Bush, vowed to defeat terrorism. Years later, this pledge has yet to be fulfilled, and even with the assistance of many countries worldwide, the threat of terrorism is still noticeable more than ever, which debate whether the global war on terror is achieving success. Besides, to entirely retain the topic, one must be knowledgeable with the definition of terrorism and it can be describe as an act of violence or threatened violence intended to spread panic in a society, and to bring about political changes. Terrorists do not actually live in their resident or native states, they also roam or wander to neighboring countries, and cities abroad and often go undetected. The organizing logistics and man power it takes to combat terrorism is massive, and it seems more obvious that the global war on terrorism is not succeeding due to the necessary three factors. First, that The United States has generated a terrorist haven in the Middle East. Second, international help for the global war on terrorism is diminishing. Third, since September 11, terrorism has been on the constant increase. Former American President George W. Bush on March 19, 2003, publicizes to the world......

Words: 1050 - Pages: 5

Global Terrorism

...Global Issues Midterm Essay Brandi Clyde Savannah State University Professor Owens September 3, 2014 Global Issues Midterm Essay Terrorism is commonly known in the world today and has been an issue for many years. It is indeed the greatest problem in the world. Terrorism consists of five categories. Those five categories are: Domestic, Nationalist, State, Global and Religious terrorism. I strongly believe that this world cannot survive with terrorism on the rise. It is actually one of the huge dangers to world peace. There’s only a matter of time before suitable measures are taken to preclude this issue at hand. Before we talk about Domestic Terrorism, let’s find out what’s the meaning of Terrorism. Terrorism is the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims. That definition simply means that individuals are involved in violent acts and is extremely dangerous to human life. In society today when the word terrorism is mentioned people automatically think of September 11, 2001 event. Domestic Terrorism is when a situation arises within the borders of a state and is then associated with a terrorist group. There are three categories that deals with domestic terrorism and that is: right and left wing and special interest terrorism. Right-wing terrorist is driven by ideas of white national independence, conflicting governments and administrative beliefs. The anti-government is those who may or may not embrace racism. Left-wing and......

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Global Terrorism

...STRATEGIES OF PREVENTING AND CONTROLLING GLOBAL TERRORISM Author’s Name Institutional Affiliation Date of Submission Terrorism is described as the violent and inhuman acts that get perpetuated for political, ideological, and religious goals with the aim of creating fear among the neutral military personnel. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), it entails the unlawful application of force to property or persons purposely to coerce the society or government in furtherance of social or political objectives. Terrorism is an old phenomenon that is emotive and complex given that such acts invoke tremendous feelings. Throughout human history, those opposed to the ruling governments or leadership have applied violence to express their views. This has been in existence as early as the 18th century during the French Revolution. However, it was not until the 9/11 attack that the world joined hands in the fight against global terrorisms. Some of the prevention and control measures that have been proposed include the deployment of military forces to counter terrorists, use of international peace and security conventions, and negotiations. Periodically, the application of violence and force against terrorists is one of the strategies that have proved effective in countering global terror networks. The force-for-force strategy entails deploying military personnel to fight against terrorists. The United States applied this approach in handling the......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Global Terrorism

...COULD THE ATTACK ON 9/11 HAVE BEEN PREVENTED? Author: LJ Florida International University Course: Global Terrorism Professor: Dr. Oscar Vigoa October 27, 2015 Abstract September 11 was a very unique and sad day in the history of America. We were attacked by Terrorist from the Alqueada group in the very worst possible way. This attack was very brutal and symbolic. What sets the foundation of a country is generally its economy, security and its government. On that day America was attacked at all level. The World Trade Center was a symbol of our economy, The Pentagon, our defense/security and Capitol Hill which also was a target is a symbol of our government since it is the metonym for Congress. Up till this day people have many questions regarding this tragedy, how it come about and why our National Security was so easily compromised. Very few answers however have been provided. This research paper goes through a close analysis of the attack on that day, accentuating on the hijackers behavior specifically Mohammed Atta. The airport security system prior to 911 I is also discussed. Finally emphasis is put on our intelligence agencies particularly the FBI and the CIA which apparently were in possession of crucial information that could have prevented this attack here on US soil. ...

Words: 2224 - Pages: 9

Impact of Afghan War on Pakistan

...Impact of afghan war on Pakistan economy “Although history has been very unkind to Pakistan but its geo-strategic position has been a great asset to garner benefits from world great powers” (Stephen p. Kohen) • Introduction The conflict and instability in Afghanistan is the aftermath of 9/11 attacks and their regional implications had very negative repercussions, for the years following the US invasion of Afghanistan not only saw a huge influx of Afghan refugees across the border into Pakistan but also witnessed a sudden spike in the frequency and scale of terrorist attacks in Pakistan. The cumulative impact of these developments adversely impacted the overall growth rate in all major sectors of the economy. Pakistan continues to pay a heavy price both in the economic and security terms due to this situation and a substantial portion of precious national resources both men and material, have been diverted to address the emerging security challenges for the last several years. The rise of violent extremism and increase in terrorism in Pakistan due to instability in Afghanistan not only caused serious damage to Pakistan’s economy but has also been responsible for widespread human suffering due to indiscriminate attacks against the civilian population. This situation disrupted Pakistan’s normal economic and trading activities which not only resulted in higher costs of business but also created disruptions in the production cycles, resulting in significant delays in meeting......

Words: 4411 - Pages: 18

Global Terrorism

...Terrorism has no internationally agreed-upon definition, but essentially, terrorists are ideologically motivated and use violence against civilians to create panic and fear, in hopes of changing policies or laws. While there is no international definition of terror, there are many different types, and the following will demonstrate the dizzying array terrorist practices. Firstly there is civil disorder. It can range from protesting legally to illegally lambasting the government. Different countries allow for different levels of dissent, but in some peaceful assembly is considered terrorism. Truly destructive forms of terrorism are political, quasi political, and religious. Political terrorists attack in hopes of changing policies, usually in reference to color, creed, or profession. Quasi political terrorism is the use of terrorist tactics for personal gain. For instance, taking a hostage is terrorizing someone, but it is not an action designed to enact wide scale change. Lastly, religious terrorism focuses on proliferating ones belief at the cost of others. Overall, terrorism is unjust and cruel; we must take stand against it. Terrorism flies in the face of diplomatic process, purposefully disrupting peace and safety in order to achieve a goal. Many terrorists consider a mission successful if hundreds of helpless, innocent women and children lie bloody in the street. A popular terrorist attack is to set off a relatively small bomb, and kill say, 30 people, and detonate a......

Words: 1463 - Pages: 6

War on Terrorism

...War on Terrorism Why we can’t win * “Human logic should show America and Britain that they can’t win the war against terrorism. But there is also a hidden reason why we can’t win—unless gigantic changes are made.”1 * If we are willing to learn-history has some very valuable and powerful lessons to teach us. For example, it teaches us that we cannot win our war against terrorism. * As history has proven, there are some essential lessons to be learned about the future of our nation. History is a wonderful teacher. We will start with that and then move on to a greater teacher of why we can’t win and conquer this beast of we call “terrorism” unless there are some massive and drastic changes made-if it isn’t already too late! Especially within the leadership of government and we as an American people and nation. We will be destined to simply accept it as the norm and just continue to prepare for the next extremist group to attack. UNLESS…. changes are made quickly!! Terrorisms Roots In order to understand this war, we have ourselves in, we must first understand where it all came from and how it began. Iraq has been a major player in America’s global war on terrorism. They are and have been an extremely dangerous part of the equation. But, they are not the head of the terrorist snake. To see the roots of terrorism, we must go back in history. It’s not nearly enough to just destroy the branches of the tree, we must pull up the terrorist tree by the roots. That is the...

Words: 1913 - Pages: 8

Fbi: War on Terrorism

...FBI: A War on Terrorism The Federal Bureau of Investigation is often depicted as the suit wearing hard core heroes called in to crack the tough cases. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is a lot like that. There is more to the bureau than just the criminal investigation side. The FBI plays an active role in the war on terrorism. On September 11th 2001, the lives of Americans changed. Two planes were taking over by terrorist that smuggled razor blades on broad. The two high jacked planes then were flown into the Twin Towers in New York. The result was the loss of life for 3,000 Americans; the plane crashes were one of the most lethal attacks America has ever faced. After the heart wrenching and fear striking events of 9/11, the FBI has devoted a great majority of its resources into keep events like September 11th happening again. Within a year, the FBI established new websites, tip lines, and joint organizations to further anti-terrorist culminations. The FBI is currently in charge of more than a dozen agencies concerning terrorism. Many advocates say that the FBI is doing a great job with the war against terrorism. Critics of the FBI’s handling of security directly related to the prevention and/ or detection of possible acts or terrorism or terrorist fall into two categories: the FBI is not doing sufficient job of keeping the lives of American’s safe and secondly, the FBI is overstepping the constitutional boundaries in the so said name of terrorism prevention. By......

Words: 2413 - Pages: 10

War on Terrorism

...(Name) (Tutor) (Course) (Date) Geopolitical Brinksmanship: The Psychology of Leaders and the Dangerous Leadership Paths Personality plays a huge role in shaping the social, as well as, the political behavior of leaders around the world. This has been highly demonstrated through recent events around the world such as the 9/11 twin bombing attacks, the soviet demise, and the war in Iraq. For an individual to understand how and why certain events occur in the country, it is essential to assess mannerisms of prominent world leaders. At the moment, everyone around the world feels the need to understand and find out the underlying motivation of the admirable and not so admirable leaders. This analysis receives support from the evaluation of the downfall in political positions and failures of leaders, who not only destroy the political position of their country, but also destroy the lives of their people. The presence of high –tech industries and weapons of all kinds have given many people dynamic power and, therefore, bringing the focus of why it is important to understand the behaviors of leaders based on their personalities. This essay will evaluate the psychology of leaders using examples from three different books, and drawing examples from a variety of prominent leaders. Post, for instance, presents psychological theories that surround the lives of leaders and some terrorists. He focuses on discussing essential issue such as the effects of age and illness......

Words: 1756 - Pages: 8

5.7 Gabriel (2007) | Young Sheldon | 20.11.1805:19 Uhr Farming Simulator 19*inklusive deutschem Untertitel* Simulation0 / 02.072 Hits VID P2P DDL 3 Kommentare