Philippine Forest

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PHILIPPINE FOREST Under our constitution, a forest is legally defined as “that portion of the public domain characterized by a predominant growth of trees or wood species, including nipa, mangrove, and all lands of the public domain not classified as agricultural, industrial, commercial, residential, resettlement, minerals or grazing lands”. It is often said that life comes from the forest. It is an area of land where flora and fauna are present.

Types of Philippine Forests:

* Dipterocarp Forest
Generally, dipterocarp forests are the major source of timber and other forest products. The dominant trees in this type are internationally known as “ Philippine Mahogany” the trade name of commercial woods which are light red to reddish brown in color. The apitong, guijo, lawan, mayapis, tangile and yakal.

* Pine Forests
Pine forests provide long fibers which are good in making strong material for cement bags, and also provide turpentine for paint manufacture. Pine forests are usually found in mountain region of high altitude, such as in Northern Luzon.

* Molave (also called mulawin)
They are highly valued for natural beauty and durability. Molave stands frequently in regions of distinct dry limestone ridges. Species that belong to this type are narra, ipil, tindalo, akle,and banuyo.

* Mangroves (bakawan)
These types of forests occur on tidal flats. They are found along the seacost extending along the streams where the water is brackish (mixed with salt, briny). Species included in the type are potatan, busain, langarai, api-api, tanagal, nippa palm and the like.

* Mossy or Mild Mountain
This is also called “protection forest”. They occur on high elevations or tips of high mountain regions. Mossy and submarginal although not commercially exploitable, provide supply of water for domestic use in lowlandsand prtotect watershed areas.…...

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