Police Influence

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Police Influence on Society

CJA 344- Cultural Diversity Issues in Criminal Justice

John France

September 16, 2012

In history the system of American police was something learned from Great Britain and adapted by America. In the past the first ideals of policing were controlled by the able-bodied men and young boys who were part of the first Europeans to venture to our lands. This was mainly a defensive motion as it was used to defend themselves from the natives to the lands that did not wish to share their home. As time went on and the natives became more settled and peace was more successful, policing became one of the primary duties of the Justices of the Peace. As evolution took hold of the colonies, they became cities and towns making it necessary to create a more organized form of law enforcement. Then “The Night Watch was born, in 1636 as a productive way to control the actions and criminal activities of the area in Boston. New York later took on the same idea creating the Shout and Rattle Watch in 1651. Through the success in some areas of these teams and the weaknesses in other areas, Philadelphia felt that policing could be more productive if the area was divided and assigned small teams per area. Once the population grew extensively and industrialism had a firm grasp on America, it was mandated that the municipal police departments be developed, Philadelphia started a independent police force that would be on duty 24 hours a day. Once the ideals of law enforcement moved into and through the west, the Sheriff became the chief of police usually selected by reputation or through the community. These methods lead to the modern day law enforcement activities and commencement. In today's law enforcement, there is still the Chief of Police but that is their title. Sheriff is the title of any officer located in…...

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