Race in America

In: People

Submitted By bkc16
Words 1293
Pages 6
Final Exam

At the turn of the last century, WEB Dubois wrote, “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color-line, --the relation of the darker to the lighter races of men in Asia and Africa, in America and the islands of the sea. Every study has come to the same conclusion that biologically, there are no 'races', yet the social construction of race as a category is alive and well today. The classification system, which radicalized different groups - typifying them according to their skin color and/or other defining features has a long history. With the advent of colonialism, racism underpinned the different and negative valuations attached to skin color. The racism of today is much more subtle and is no longer the blatant discrimination based on the color or your skin. It exists within the institutions of our society. It is the combination of government, corporate and media institutional racism that is largely responsible for the inequities of today. Unfortunately, these divisions impact the way in which we live our life and how we advance socially. Race has always been a complicated subject and is inevitable. Although we have made tremendous strides to dismantle the foundations of racism, it is clear and evident that racism still persists within the institutions of our society. I believe that America is one of greatest countries on the earth and it is a land of opportunity for everyone. The American dream is alive and well and many people of all races have had tremendous success. With these positives in place, it is no wonder why there have been so many incredible achievements by African Americans in the 21st century to include the obvious - the first black president. Over the years there has been much success in trying to dismantle discrimination against different races. By the time the modern civil rights movement…...

Similar Documents

Race in America

...Jax Teller Race and Ethnic Relations Final Test Essay Questions 1. RACE= To distinguish a group of people by physical characteristics or looks. ETHNICITY=Belonging to a certain social group of people with certain common traditions and celebrations PREJUDICE= Peoples judgment or opinions of a certain race or group of people DISCRIMINATION= Negative actions against groups of people or individuals SOCIAL INEQUALITY= Unfair treatment of certain social groups by limiting things they may obtain TOTAL DISCRIMINATION= bringing past and current discrimination together as on to discriminate against certain groups of people or individuals 2. Functionalist approach= To describe certain situations that are happening in society today, in order for everyday function. So essentially, discrimination, prejudice and everything included is a function of society. 3. Conflict perspective= In the conflict perspective, we say that every where we turn in society, there is conflict. Education, employment, military, ethnicities and race. There will always be conflict where there is ignorance. 3A. Race and ethnicity have affected the status and opportunities of people for many years; take for example, the Native American tribes of history. From the time the Europeans arrived in America. Lands were taken, they were over powered and lied to about their lands and rights, the US government weakened tribes by establishing certain acts that moved them...

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Race: the Cultural and Political Power of an Illusion in Latin America

...Race: The Cultural and Political Power of an Illusion in Latin America Race has been the most arguable and controversial subject in Latin American history. Since 16th century it has created a great deal of prejudice among Latin American people, it has been referred, as biological characteristics later modified to a social statue such are education, wealth and language. It has been under a heavy influence of cultural and political power where people were classified from their biological characteristics to their wealth. Through the time race has become the main tool for state creation and regulation. Race has become a status, which has structured and organized the nation but the term “race” has never itself been stable. In today’s Latin America modern theory of “race” has meaning of a political power, status and regulation, it’s a states way of monitoring and controlling of the heterogeneous nation. Race gradually has become a political cultural and economic power for Latin American state. In this paper I will argue about the idea that race in Latin America gradually has became just an illusion, a tool by which people were controlled structured and manipulated. Various articles will be presented to support and illustrate the transformation of the word “race “ and its cultural and political influence on Latin America. I will talk about the colonial to republic period idea of “race “ In Latin America and how the meaning of the word was manipulated. I will discuss the......

Words: 1875 - Pages: 8

Race in Obamas America

...Race in Obama’s America The American society has developed a lot since Barack Obama became president and his wife Michelle Obama became first lady. But there are still some issues. It’s getting better and better with race, but can it be perfect in a country with the American history in mind? I will make an outline of each of the three texts, and give my own opinion of one of them. The first text is called “Black is being seen in a whole new light”. It’s written by Yolanda Young. She is a lawyer and columnist and writes for the USA today. In this text she is writing about the differences she had experienced since Barack Obama became president. Yolanda looks like Michelle Obama. She often gets compliments about that: “For a woman the colour of dark coffee to be noticed, even admired, suggest a cultural paradigm shift.” (s. 2, l. 7-8). She can feel the development in the society. When two psychology professors surveyed 300 non-black students, the survey was about the non-black students’ implicit racial prejudice. It showed that since Obamas appearing the automatic preference for white Americans dropped from 81% to 51%. She thinks it’s good that there are some icons like Michelle Obama. It makes her feel better with herself. Her self image is getting better and better. But she is still vigilant. But she is happy that the most powerful man in the world is black, and his wife is proclaimed as beautiful. The second text is a speech written by Eric Holder it is called “Black...

Words: 632 - Pages: 3

Race in Obamas America

...Race in Obama’s America Axel Bevort – 2.b Section A In the first text, Yolanda Young, a lawyer and columnist for USA Today, reflects on how she experienced what she calls “a cultural paradigm shift”(line 7) first-hand. She begins by writing that for twenty years, she walked the streets of Washington D.C. virtually unnoticed by its white citizens. This all changes when Barack Obama was elected in November 2008 and his wife becomes the First Lady Of The United States. Young starts receiving regular compliments on her looks, such as “You’re so pretty. You look like Michelle Obama” (line 5). Due to a change in presidency, racial equality between the black and white races will no longer be a dream. This point is further emphasized by a study conducted in 2008, in which “51% of (non-black) participants showed an automatic preference for white people”(line 11), compared to a previous research where 80% preferred whites. Although there have been exceptions of black women ”who were embraced as beautiful” (line 14), e.g. Tyra Banks and Naomi Campbell, the average black woman was not perceived as being as attractive as a white woman. In 1954, two psychologists provided expert testimony regarding experiments, in which they presented a black doll and a white doll to black children and proceeded to asking them which doll they preferred. To Young’s surprise, almost ”half the girls thought the white doll was prettier” (line 25). She blames the results on low self-esteem and......

Words: 892 - Pages: 4


...Teresita Dowd RACE The meanings and expectations a society creates and attaches to groups based on perceived “Important differences” is defined as Race. Race is a thing that society has created as an identifying characteristic that is important in classifying people in negative or positive ways. Race is a concept that people have created which began as an idea, became a thing, and was deemed as important and accordingly impacted our beliefs and actions in enormous ways; thus, it is constructed socially. Race although it is made up by society is still important in the way that we attach meanings and expectations to the different members of society. Race, while made up, is still important in the way that we attach meanings and expectations to the members of different race groups in society. Every society constructs race differently and as time moves forward ideas about race change and evolve. In today’s world, racial stratification is based on the physical characteristic of skin color. This racial stratification helps decide your access to resources for certain racial groups, and raises a person’s risk of having or not having things solely based on the color of the skin that they are born into.(Student Work 75) These differences are only as important as society elects them to be, and there are no deep rooted advantages or disadvantages to having any of these characteristics except those that society has created. In American society, being White is conceived as being......

Words: 464 - Pages: 2

The Meaning of Race in a 21st-Century America

...Kristy Nguyen JOUR453 Spring 2014 The Meaning of Race in a 21st-Century America As far as America has come in the battle for equality and improving civil rights, the topic of race still looms over our nation and sparks many different debates. The division of the 21st-century isn’t as obvious as it used to be in the past, there are no “Whites Only” sign to direct us and the simplistic black-white concept of race no longer exists. The issue lies much deeper than we could ever imagine and its fast-paced change is making it difficult to comprehend. The increase in the multiracial population further adds to the complexity of this topic and our ideas on race. That is why Center for American Progress located in Washington, D.C. decided to tackle this matter head-on by opening an in-depth panel discussion entitled “The Meaning of Race in a 21st-Century America” to dig into America’s history to find the origins of race, address race and ethnicity today as the nation’s demographics are shifting, and emphasize the importance of the U.S. Census to accurately represent the people of this. Featured panelists included Rinku Sen, President and Executive Director of Race Forward: The Center for Racial Justice Innovation; Julie Dowling, Associate Professor, Department of Latina/Latino Studies, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Roderick Harrison, Senior Research Fellow, Civic Engagement and Governance Institute, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies; and Hilary O. Shelton,...

Words: 2168 - Pages: 9


...What is race? Common responses in the Sociology 222 class were, 'race is something we are born with' and 'race is the same as skin colour'. When looking at these statements from a Sociological perspective, we have to ask ourselves a few relevant questions. Why are sociologists critical of the above statements? How do research writers challenge ideas about social construction and institutionalisation of race under apartheid and colonialism? This essay is going to discuss a number of readings in order to answer the above questions. This essay will also look at the relevance of the Jane Elliot experiment for thinking about, and understanding of race as a social construction. Lastly, this essay will discuss what we can learn about the dynamics of apartheid from the experiences of Sandra Laing in the film 'Skin'. In conclusion this essay will evaluate the various opinions and research done on the matter of race, and how race is socially constructed. Firstly, we have to look at how and why sociologists are critical of race as a biological phenomenon. Race is widely discussed and debated all over the world. The main sociological focus is the effects of social race and how race is used to categorize people into groups. When we look back in history, we see that race was seen as a biological factor for many centuries. When explorers from Europe in the New World discovered people who looked different, raised questions such as ‘Did God only make one species of humanity?’ and......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

How Does Steinbeck Use the Character of Crooks to Convey Important Idea’s About Race in 1930’s America?

...How Does Steinbeck use the Character of Crooks to convey important idea’s about race in 1930’s America? Steinbeck uses the character of Crooks to convey the ideas that racism was an important issue in 1930’s America. Crooks experiences prejudice and persecution on the ranch but Steinbeck does not present him purely as a symbol of race issues- he’s a fully developed character with the same hopes as other characters. He dreams of freedom and dignity but he is destined to experience the same fate as millions of other black men in the 30’s, that of poverty, loneliness and abuse. Crooks’ experiences on the ranch are typical of black men in 1930’s America. He is separated from the other white workers and he is not allowed into the bunkhouse with the other white men which was considered ‘normal’ as black people were seen as inferior to white people. In some ways this is an advantage for Crooks as he gets privacy and “being alone, he could leave his things about”, something that none of the other workers had or could do. On the other hand, Crooks is very lonely and he tries to hide this by reading. It was very unusual for a black man in 1930’s America to be educated and able to read, but Crooks was very interested in the rights that he had. On the shelf above his bed he had “a tattered dictionary and a mauled copy of the California civil code.” This shows that Crooks is probably just as intelligent, if not more intelligent than the white men on the ranch. Racial prejudice......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Race and Cultural Clash in Post-War America

...In Director and Actor Clint Eastwood’s film Gran Torino (United States, 2008) race and cultural clash are the main forces driving the story of Walt Kowalski, a retired Polish American and his encounters with his Asian Hmong neighbours whom he grows closer with as his own family pulls away following the death of his wife. Walt’s isolation from his family as well as his bitter attitude toward the world that changed around him reflect the cultural shift society has undergone and how the American dream has become a nightmare of crime, gangs, sex, and money. Walt’s vintage Gran Torino becomes a symbol, encompassing a time when things were simpler and the future looked bright. As he copes with the changes that occur in every aspect of his life Walt becomes an antihero, driven to do good for the people around him by using the violence built up inside of him from his years in the Korean War. Eastwood embodies a dying generation through the single character of Walt and his personality and actions allow the audience to draw comparisons between the America of yesterday and the America of today, which has immigration, innercity violence, and racism. His direction brings the audience’s attention to these social and cultural issues through his extensive camera work and a well developed screenplay. From the beginning of the film onward, Eastwood uses the camera frame as part of the narrative to show Walt’s position on the world around him. This is first seen when his teenage......

Words: 1365 - Pages: 6

History and Significance of Race in America

...History and Significance of Race in America Race prejudice abounded in the colonial America, shaped by cultural connotations of blackness in medieval Europe and Judeo-Christianity. The existence of Slave trade is arguably the root of subsequent conceptualization of the black-Americans. The Native Americans population of the country’s labor force proved drastically reduced after the whites were decimated by violence and diseases. The voluntary European labor force used was unsustainably costly and detrimental to their home county labor and competitiveness. The introduction of slavery of the Africans who were brought in large numbers and their labor was cheap, made the agricultural plantations in America much profitable. The 19th century saw an introduction of institutionalized racism and legal discrimination against the black Americans. Racial discrimination, expression and segregation concerning supremacy of the white people increased hence increasing the levels of anti-black violence that included both race riots and lynching’s of the black people. The African American activists and politicians advocated for the peoples civil rights in the 20th century, this saw the peaking of human rights movement with the desegregation of education in the year 1954 thus leading to the organization of a widespread strike across the United States under the leadership of the young generation activists. Martin Luther King was the catalyst for most strikes which led to the passage of the......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Race, Incarceration, and Recidivism in America

...Writing Assignment (Part 4): Race, Incarceration, and Recidivism Nicholle Harris SOC 100 - Intro to Sociology Professor Deborah White June 15, 2014 Writing Assignment (Part 4): Race, Incarceration, and Recidivism Racism in this country directly impacts incarceration and recidivism; specifically for African American males. This is an age old issue in our country that continues to propagate itself. Our society strips away the rights of felons and they become life-long criminals. The implications of incarceration, recidivism and race directly creates quality of life issues for a large percentage of people in the country. There are several sociological concepts that apply to this theory. Poverty leads to higher crime rates. People with lower social classes are more likely to be targeted by the police. The Drug Policy Alliance (n.d) explains in the article “Race and the Drug War” that law enforcement has a “focus on urban areas, on lower-income communities and on communities of color” (para. 1). This type of targeting creates a negative view and disrespect for authority; as a result, it is more likely for crime to be committed. Macionis (2010) states that “race is closely related to social standing, which as already explained, affects the likelihood of engaging in street crimes. Many poor people living in the midst of wealth come to perceive society as unjust and are therefore more likely to turn to crime to get their share.” (p. 232). Higher crime......

Words: 1738 - Pages: 7

Race and Sports in America

...Race and Sports in America By: Patrick Minnick December 12, 2014 “A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives”. This quote proved true for no one more than the man who said it, Jackie Robinson. Robinson is seen as a pivotal figure in the fight for racial equality in America. However, he didn’t make his impact through speeches, civil right protests, or violent rebellion. Robinson did it by playing the sport he loved, baseball. Sports have always had an ability to bring people together, but, in the last century especially, sports have given racial minorities something they can’t find elsewhere; a chance to compete on a level playing field with everyone else. Jackie Robinson showed that race is simply a myth, a superficial characteristic that holds no insight to the physical or mental abilities of a person. Sports by themselves show no racism and serve as a constant reminder of this racial myth. Sadly, people are more reluctant to abandon old beliefs; meaning racism still runs deep in the organizations that are built around these sports. This research paper will focus mainly on three subcategories: 1) The history of the relationship between sports and race in America; 2) How sports have benefited or damaged race relations; 3) Why certain sports are more popular among different races. The history of sports in America dates all the way back to the Native Americans who played an early form of lacrosse that was used for recreation and promoting......

Words: 1651 - Pages: 7

Race in Obama’s America

...Race in Obama’s America 1. Give an outline of the different attitudes to the situation of African Americans presented in text 1, 2 and 3. Outline of text 1: Text 1 is a commentary publicist on USA Today website on August 14, 2009, and it is written by lawyer and columnist Yolanda Young. Yolanda Young’s main statement is that there has been a paradigm shift in the culture and that Africa American women now are being noticed. In her commentary she comperes her own experiences of being a black woman before and after the election of Barak Obama. To support her main statement she uses facts from different researches. In the end of the text she concludes that it has become easier to maintain a positive self-image now that such a beautiful women live in the White House. Outline of text 2: Text 2 is an excerpt form a Speech given by Attorney General Eric Holder on February 18, 2009 at the U.S Justice Department. The speech is to be found on the website of the Justice Department. Eric Holder’s main statement is that “One cannot truly understand America without understanding the historical experience of black people in this nation”. He thinks that to many Americans see race as a taboo, and that you cannot solve the problem if you do not feel at ease with it. In the speech Eric Holder refers to two historical events, one of them being the Gettysburg Address. He says that the people in this room have a moral obligation to the nation and most live up to the Gettysburg...

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Race in Obamas America

...Race in Obama’s America 1. Text one “Black is being seen in a whole new light” is a commentary written by Yolanda Young. The text is published on USA Today’s website on August 14, 2009. Yolanda Young is a lawyer and columnist. The author brings the view on black people into focus. She didn't get noticed by white people until Barack Obama got elected for President. Her main statement is that the view on black people has changed. “For a woman the color of dark coffee to be noticed, even admired, suggests a cultural paradigm shift”. She supports this statement with an example. In a research from 2008 two psychology professors found that 51% of the 300 non-black participants preferred white people. A previous research showed that white people had a 81% preference for white people. She concludes that she has hope for the future. The second text is written by Eric Holder. It is an excerpt from a speech which was given on February 18, 2009 at the Justice Department. The text is called “Black History Month” and was published on the website of the Justice Department. Eric Holder is Attorney General of America. Eric Holder finds is really important that black and white Americans communicate with each other about the racial separation to be united. His main statement is that we have to understand Americas racial history before we can understand America. “One cannot truly understand America without understanding the historical experience of black people in this nation” He......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Race in America

...they see instead of your intelligence. If a person likes the same sex they are going to be judge, especially by a Christian because in the Bible you are not supposed to like the same sex. Racial attitudes to me will always be the same, people are going to judge you whether it’s good or bad. Lastly, many are ill mannered since Barack Obama became president of the United States. Many Caucasian-Americans are still stuck in slavery times; they seem to feel that there race can only make a difference. They hate to see a partial African-American as president so they slander his name, make treats towards him or judge what he is trying to do for the country. Greg Sargent article, “The Morning Plum: Obama, Race, and the Affordable Care Act,” states that many people did not like the fact that our president is black, they feel that we should have voted for someone else. Now many people see that he is actually helping us in so many ways they don’t worry about the skin color anymore. Then some whites have just accepted different races for who they are. Racism has always been a problem for us because Caucasian’s are hateful towards anyone that is not like them....

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Mr Fighting | La La La Baazaar Movie Songs.mp3 | The Nun 4K Blu-ray