Scientific Monogenesis: the Mother Tongue Theory

In: English and Literature

Submitted By AlisterSlain
Words 520
Pages 3
Scientific monogenesis: The Mother Tongue theory. Theories of monogenesis do not necessarily derive from religious belief. Many modern scholars believe in a theory of monogenesis that has come to be called the Mother Tongue Theory. This theory holds that one original language spoken by a single group of Homo sapiens perhaps as early as 150 thousand years ago gave rise to all human languages spoken on the Earth today. As humans colonized various continents, this original mother tongue diverged through time to form the numerous languages spoken today. Since many scientists believe that the first fully modern humans appeared in Africa, the mother tongue theory is connected with a more general theory of human origin known as the Out of Africa theory. Currently, the theory of evolutionary monogenesis tends to be favored by a group of linguists working in the United States. Regardless of the origin of language, the fact remains that there are over 5,000 mutually unintelligible forms of human speech used on Earth today. And, although many are radically different from one another in structure--the differences are superficial since each and every one of these languages can be used creatively. Languages do not differ in terms of their creative potential but rather in terms of the level upon which particular distinctions are realized in each particular language. What is expressed concisely in one language requires a phrase in another language. (Examples of aspect and evidentiality; also words like Swahilimumagamagama "a person who habitually loses things" and Russian zajchik "the rainbow reflection from glass." Linguists study how each particular language structures the expression of concepts. Such cross-language comparisons fall under a branch of linguistics called language typology. If the structural diversity of human languages is superficial,…...

Similar Documents

Critical Analysis of "Mother Tongue"

...Nicholas Wiest Beverly Williamson English 111 September 21st, 2012 Critical Analysis Essay I have chosen “Mother Tongue” for the subject of my essay. I chose this essay because Amy Tan has a unique writing style which has tone that is clear and identifiable. Tan makes her arguments in a way that is easily understood. While her tone is sometimes humorous and captivating, it still clarifies some serious issues. These qualities among others leave Tan’s work to be desired by almost any reader because her tone and style are both genuine and upfront. This essay will talk about how Tan’s work in her essay “Mother Tongue” uses several different styles and tones to make her point of regarding the differences of her communications with her mother and other people in her life. In a way, Tan’s story is about tone and style, in the sense that how you convey a message is just as important as the content of your statement. Tan’s essay examines the differences in how she communicates with her mother, and how she communicates with everyone else in her immediate environment. I find it interesting that you can find examples of her point right in the story. You can see that Tan focused her essay to be grammatically correct, and descriptive, so that the readers such as ourselves can interpret it. It’s clear that she considers this in the very beginning of the text where she states, “I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language-the way it can evoke an emotion, a......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Scientific and Management Theory

...Scientific and behavioral management theory represents two views of management on the opposite ends of the spectrum. Scientific management theory focuses on looking at workers solely as a means to get work done, while behavioral management theory focuses on developing an organization and the behaviors and motivations of employees. Most managers find that a combination of the two theories serves them best in their business. However, both methods are not always applied to all businesses. The companies that use both methods usually apply one more than the other. The core ideas of scientific management were developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor. Frederick was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency (Copely, 1967). Frederick’s theory, also known as Taylorism, was established in the 1920’s. According to Taylor, workers were incapable of understanding what they were doing and believed that transferring control from worker to management would solve that problem. Although his workers were able to earn more than those under conventional management, the introduction of this theory was often resented by workers and provoked numerous strikes. Scientific management theory, which is classified as the classical theory, involves creating different levels of workers to improve productivity. Employees’ tasks are overseen by supervisors whose tasks are overseen by managers. Specific procedures have been tested a large number of times and are......

Words: 1110 - Pages: 5

Mother Tongue

...was one of the men who built this nation and he was quite possibly the one of the greatest influences on how the America government system was developed. Although he never served as President of the US, Hamilton is often mistaken as one. As a founding father, his published opinions and writings became the doctrine this country’s political system was based on. Hamilton was a good scholar and was educated early, both by academia and also by life. His mother was once divorced and mother of one other son, James. Hamilton was the fourth child born to his father, a man described as a “ne’er do well” (Chernow.) Hamilton was born in the West Indies, his mother was of French decent and his father was a Scot. His Father left the family when Hamilton was just an infant. This, her second divorce, insured that Hamilton’s mother would finish her life alone. The abandonment made Hamilton the man of the manor and insured that his family would have to struggle to survive (Chernow). Orphaned again when was just 13 years old with the death of his mother, Hamilton was fast to adapt to the real working world. He clerked at an import-export firm and was quickly charged to prove himself. The young Hamilton was required to serve as manager of the firm for five months while his boss served Military duty. During this time Hamilton also proved himself as a writer. Hamilton’s editorial account of a natural disaster inspired community leaders to sponsor his education. They sent Hamilton on scholarship......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Mother Tongue by Amy Tan

...Mother Tongue By Amy Tan By Jian C. Chen ...

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Scientific Theories of Early Psychology

...Despite what many might think, scientific theories of early psychology is well known across hundreds of nations all over the world. scientific theories of early psychology has been around for several centuries and has a very important meaning in the lives of many. It would be safe to assume that scientific theories of early psychology is going to be around for a long time and have an enormous impact on the lives of many people. Social & Cultural Factors scientific theories of early psychology has a large role in American Culture. Many people can often be seen taking part in activities associated with scientific theories of early psychology . This is partly because people of most ages can be involved and families are brought together by this. Generally a person who displays their dislike for scientific theories of early psychology may be considered an outcast. Economic Factors It is not common practice to associate economics with scientific theories of early psychology . Generally, scientific theories of early psychology would be thought to have no effect on our economic situation, but there are in fact some effects. The sales industry associated with scientific theories of early psychology is actually a 2.3 billion dollar a year industry and growing each year. The industry employs nearly 150,000 people in the United States alone. It would be safe to say that scientific theories of early psychology play an important role in American economics and shouldn't be taken...

Words: 482 - Pages: 2

Synthesis Essay on Mother Tongue by Amy Tan and Censoring Myself by Betty Shamieh

...compromise almost caused them to become detached from their roots. In "Mother Tongue," by Amy Tan, Tan talks about growing up as a young child in America and learning the English language. She speaks about growing up as a writer and her mother's imperfect diction which had a major influence on her. On the other hand, In her essay, "Censoring Myself," Betty Shamieh talks about being an American playwright and having to censor herself because of how her work was viewed. Both authors explore the influence that their background had on their ability to express themselves. As individuals we should not be afraid to express ourselves because of our differences, rather we should use our differences and show how our distinctions make us very unique. Firstly, In ""Mother Tongue," Tan talks about how her mother's limited English diction skewered her perception of her mother. Tan mentions how, "Like others, I have described it to people as "broken" or "fractured" English" (Tan 273). This shows how Tan viewed her mother's English speaking abilities. She describes it as if her mother spoke damaged English, which needed to be mended or repaired. For Tan it was imperative that she spoke proper English and used proper diction, thus she was ashamed of her mother's English. Tan fell under the impression that her mother's English speaking abilities reflected the quality of what she had to say. Since her mother expressed her words in an imperfect manner, tan believed that her......

Words: 1637 - Pages: 7

Can English Be Singaporean Mother Tongue

...Student Response to "Can English be a Singaporean mother tongue?" Student Name: Fan Xinyu Student ID: A0112819H 06 Sep 2014 "Can English be a Singaporean mother tongue?" Luke Lu’s article, "Can English be a Singaporean mother tongue?" raise one issue that has been existed for quite a long time in Singapore. The article author uses a name of one MRT station as a simple example seemingly points out the complementarily and compatibility of the language and culture issues of the current Singapore, but actually it points out the conflicts of the cultural and ideological between different races. As the author says, English has occupied an important role in Singapore's society and economy. In order to pursue convergence with the world and to strengthen national capacity, the Singapore government must be developed base on English education system. But at the same time, because of its special national circumstances which has multiple races, the government also encourages people not to forget their mother tongue, and practice constantly. And only under this circumstance, the conflicts appear as the author says:"On one hand, we have Singaporeans who claim English as core to their sense of self. On the other, the Government’s official position is that English cannot be our mother tongue. While there might be some Singaporeans who can accommodate both ideas, not all can or will do so". It is well known that, human will being affected by environment, and the language......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Scientific Theory of Management

... Scientific Management Theory Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management Student Name Institutional Affiliation Scientific Management Theory Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) was an inventor as well as an engineer who applied his knowledge on engineering and scientific knowhow to management and came up with a theory referred to as the scientific management theory. His books, oh the Scientific Management Theory include Shop Management (1903) and The Principles of Scientific Management (1911). The scientific management theory can be seen mostly in firms that deal with manufacturing, as well as many other types of businesses. Taylor's imprint can be found on production planning, control of production, design processes, quality control, cost accounting or ergonomics. Through Taylor's theories, one can see and understand the principles of scientific management as well as how managers produce their products and manage their staff. One is also able to comprehend the relevance of quantitative data analysis to improve the effectiveness of production and efficacy (Mullins, 2005) Principles of Scientific Management Theory In simpler terms, the, scientific management theory implies the application of principles that relate to industrial engineering to generate a system whereby the avoidance of waste is actualized, there is fair distribution of goods, improved methods of production (Mumford, 1994). . These enhancements effectively serve......

Words: 2064 - Pages: 9

Mother Tongue

...After reading the essay, “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan, our class learned a lot about why we speak the way we do. There are some pretty important factors that determine how we speak, such as where you have lived during your lifespan, where your parents have lived, you and your parent’s ethnicity, who you associate with, or whether you’re in a public or private environment. I have spent my entire life living in the Boston area, so I definitely have my own unique mother tongue. All over Massachusetts and New Hampshire there are many different versions of the Boston accent. Now that I am living in Puerto Rico, I try to tone down the Boston accent I have, because it’s already a little challenging for me to communicate sometimes. Occasionally there is a significant language barrier, so I go out of my way to make sure I pronounciate my “R’s” when I speak. People don’t need to hear about my “cah” instead of car, or about how we eat “suppah” instead of dinner, or even how we take out the “gahbidge” instead of garbage, to give a few examples. There are also some words that in the Boston area mean certain things, while other places in the country it means something totally different. In Boston, some people call tomato sauce “gravy”. We call the water fountain a bubbler. A cart at the grocery store is a carriage. The basement is called the cella. In my experience, the term non-Bostonians have the most trouble understanding is “wicked”. When I travel to other places and say something......

Words: 343 - Pages: 2

Management Scientific Theory

...Management gets into the vital position. According to Ali (2013), the Human Resources Management will take the responsibility getting and keeping good people to run the organization and also maintain that their commitment is always in line with the organization’s objective. Additionally, briefly explain the function of management, Fayol’s theory contains the 5 elements of management which contain, first, Planning defined as the manager task to examine the future plans of the organization while organizing is the manager duty to structuring activities, materials and personnel in it (McNamara, 2009). He also described commanding as the manager’s responsibility to maintain the activity among the employees while controlling determined as the management work to see that everything occurs in conformity with policy and practice (McNamara, 2009). This essay already started the discussion of management studies by provided basic understanding of organization and management work. Next, to answer the essay question, this essay will discuss the understanding of the implementation of manager’s work and how this relates to the theory of Taylor’s scientific management by providing the study case. In this case, the selected organization is a profit group, a multinational Oil and Gas Company and has become one of the six largest oil companies in the world. In addition, the manager’s work experience has been taken from the profile of leading manager of Total Oil Company branch in Indonesia.......

Words: 1645 - Pages: 7

Mother Tongue

...Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan Comprehension 1. What Tan is classifying in this essay is the different kinds of English she uses. 2. Tan identify the different categories she discusses in “Mother Tongue” almost in the last paragraph, where she named all the kind of English she uses. 3. Tan does illustrate each category she identifies 4. Some specific situations where Tan says her mother’s “limited English” was a handicap is when her mother could not be able to talk directly with people, or would not be taken serious by the people she talked to. 5. One of the effects that her mother’s limited English has had on Tan’s life is the fact that, that was the language that helped shape the way she saw things, expressed things, and made sense of the world. 6. Tan account for the difficulty she had in answering questions on achievement tests, particularly word analogies: she could not be focused on the answers, she would read the example, and then those words would be stock in her mind keeping off the rest of the options. I do think her problem in this area has something to do with the level of her family’s language skills, because she grew up with that level of language as well, that is the way that she learned. 7. In paragraph 18, Tan considers the possible reasons for the relatively few Asian Americans in the fields on language and literature. Some explanations she offers are that Asian students do better on math achievement tests than in English and that......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Mother Tongue

...The Mother Tongue The use of mother tongue as a medium of instruction at the primary level improves the learning ability and school performance of students because it facilitates easier and faster comprehension, encourages better interaction and class participation and strengthens self-concept and identity. The mother tongue is a language that a person has learned from birth or is most familiar with (Witold, 2005). Several studies have confirmed that using it as a form of instruction at the primary level helps the students cope well with their school lessons and activities. It provides the students with a wider range of vocabulary which is a critical tool in learning various subjects. It enables them to easily and clearly grab the course content because they do not have to decipher an unfamiliar language in the first place. At the same time, using a familiar language makes conversation between students and teachers more spontaneous. Learning the mother tongue also reinforce among the children their own culture and traditions. In response to the growing need for providing schoolchildren in all areas of society a medium of instruction that will better equip them in acquiring knowledge, the mother tongue education is currently being adapted in several countries. Research studies suggested that students under the mother tongue education projects had better grades or higher academic performance. Being better students, they contribute significantly in uplifting the sector......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

The Importance of Mother Tongue-Based Schooling for Educational Quality

...2005/ED/EFA/MRT/PI/9 Background paper prepared for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2005 The Quality Imperative The importance of mother tongue-based schooling for educational quality Carole Benson 2004 This paper was commissioned by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report as background information to assist in drafting the 2005 report. It has not been edited by the team. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the author(s) and should not be attributed to the EFA Global Monitoring Report or to UNESCO. The papers can be cited with the following reference: “Paper commissioned for the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2005, The Quality Imperative”. For further information, please contact efareport@unesco.org The importance of mother tongue-based schooling for educational quality Commissioned study for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2005 Carol Benson, Ph.D. Centre for Research on Bilingualism Stockholm University 14 April 2004 Part A: Overview While there are many factors involved in delivering quality basic education, language is clearly the key to communication and understanding in the classroom. Many developing countries are characterized by individual as well as societal multilingualism, yet continue to allow a single foreign language to dominate the education sector. Instruction through a language that learners do not speak has been called “submersion” (Skutnabb-Kangas 2000) because it is analogous to...

Words: 10095 - Pages: 41

Mother Tongue

...L01428270 keith r. wallace Fall 2015 (August - December) Aug 25, 2015 05:29 pm Your current Institution is Baton Rouge Comm College   Student Detail Schedule Total Credit Hours: 12.000 English Composition I - ENGL 101 - M32 Associated Term: Fall 2015 (August - December) CRN: 10434 Status: **Web Registered** on Jul 27, 2015 Assigned Instructor: Kimberly E. Vodicka Grade Mode: Standard Letter Credits: 3.000 Level: Undergraduate Campus: BRCC Scheduled Meeting Times Type Time Days Where Class 6:00 pm - 8:50 pm M Date Range Schedule Type Instructors BRCC Louisiana Building 346 Aug 24, 2015 - Dec 12, 2015 Lecture Kimberly Eve Vodicka ( ) P Introduction to Cinema Studies - FILM 200 - M02 Associated Term: Fall 2015 (August - December) CRN: 10620 Status: **Web Registered** on Apr 24, 2015 Assigned Instructor: Steven A. Mitchell Grade Mode: Standard Letter Credits: 3.000 Level: Undergraduate Campus: BRCC Scheduled Meeting Times Type Time Days Where Class 6:00 pm - 8:50 pm W BRCC Magnolia Performing Arts BLACK BOX Intermediate Algebra - MATH 094 - M11 Associated Term: Fall 2015 (August - December) CRN: 10572 Status: **Web Registered** on Apr 23, 2015 Assigned Instructor: Jackie Bryant Grade Mode: Developmental Credits: 3.000 Level: Undergraduate Campus: BRCC Scheduled Meeting Times Date Range Schedule Type Instructors Aug 24, 2015 - Dec 12, 2015 Lecture Steven A Mitchell (P) Type Time Days Where Class 5:30 pm - 6:45 pm......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Mother Tongue and L2 English Learners

...Mother Tongue and L2 English Learners I remember the time when I was told that in an English class the use of the mother tongue cannot be acceptable because it is not beneficial for students to learn a foreign language. So I asked to myself, why? Because I knew that you cannot speak in Spanish all the time, but “never”? In my classes I accept it for some activities and for others I do not. According to Davis Carless “Students use of the mother tongue in the task-based classroom”, the use of the native language or mother tongue (MT) is quite complex because it could be beneficial for learners but, at the same time, it could not. In general, the use of MT is stigmatized by some methods, and teachers who cannot handle a class in the target language (TL) feel frustrated by the overuse of the students’ first language. However, as the writer claims, by taking into account the type of tasks we give to our students we can analize which are the ones that imply a positive effect on the second language acquisition and the ones that imply negative effects. Thus, teachers will be able to handle a task-based class with both languages in interaction. Firstly, Carless argues that the use of MT may have positive and negative effects on second language acquisition. Positive effects seem to “serve social and cognitive functions, including the construction of scaffolded assistance and create through collaborative dialogue the opportunity for language acquisition to take place.” In fact,......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Body of Proof (31) | Comedy Street (5) | Social & Communication