Premium Essay

The History and Evolution of the Fire Service

In: Historical Events

Submitted By lakerpyro318
Words 11715
Pages 47
Ever since man was able to harness the power of fire, he has been trying to control it. From a single bucket wielding man to a complex well trained and organized team have been working on controlling and suppressing fire for millennia’s. Many simple and complex tools have been developed to help in the control and suppression of fire. Organized fire brigades can be dated back to the earliest civilizations because of the fear of fire and the damage that it can cause. Many great infrastructures have fallen to the devastation of fire and have taken large groups of dedicated members to control those fires. Over the past century, the fire service has become more than just fire suppression, now these dedicated individuals are trained to rescue people, control hazardous materials, perform fire prevention duties, and attend to the injured.

Many people think that the fire service is a fairly modern idea due to the industrial revolution. Some researchers have said that firefighting was first started and organized in ancient Egypt. There is evidence of firefighting machinery was used in Ancient Egypt, including a water pump that was developed by Ctesibius of Alexandria in the third century BC which was later improved upon in a design by Hero of Alexandria in the first century BC. One of the first well documented fire brigade or suppression team was the ones of the Roman Empire. The Roman emperor Augustus is credited with instituting a corps of fire-fighting "watchmen" in 24 BC. Regulations for checking and preventing fires were developed. The first Roman fire brigade of which we have any substantial history was created by Marcus Licinius Crassus. Marcus Licinius Crassus was born into a wealthy Roman family around the year 115 BC, and acquired an enormous fortune through "fire and rapine." One of his most lucrative schemes took advantage of the fact that Rome had no…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The History and Evolution of Gospel Music

...Lederrick Wesley December 11, 2008 Special Projects Dr. Karin Sehmann The History and Evolution of Gospel Music The culture of African Americans dates back to the beginning of times in Africa. So many things were carried across the world such as culture, art, music, and different cultural practices. The music of African Americans has transcended across different cultures. Gospel music is one of the sacred forms of music for African Americans. This is one of the hottest music genres currently out, and it is not only meant to relay a message to people but change their hearts in the process and help people endure positive out takes on life. Gospel music has a long rich tradition with great contributors such as Thomas Dorsey, Mahalia Jackson, Whitney Houston, and Kirk Franklin. Things such as gospel music workshops and conventions exist today to educate individuals on this peculiar style of music. Recently, I held a gospel music workshop and many things were involved in putting it together. The following paper will discuss my research on the evolution of gospel music and elaborate more on why I decided to do a gospel music workshop. African American gospel music has been implemented with secular and non-African American elements. This has caused many individuals to wonder “what is gospel music?” This musical phenomenon has moved beyond the walls of the “black church” and includes many aspects (Wise 1). Gospel music can be defined from a cultural, spiritual, or...

Words: 4589 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

History of Human Services

...“The field of Human Services is broadly defined, uniquely approaching the objective of meeting human needs through an interdisciplinary knowledge base, focusing on prevention as well as remediation of problems, and maintaining a commitment to improving the overall quality of life of service populations.” (National Organization for Human Services) Sounds incredible, no? This idea of bringing unique gifts and talents forward in order to provide vital human needs, in an environment that is accountable, and relies upon checks and balances (or introduces same) while seeking to stem new or growing problems, while staying steadfast and focused in order to deliver a better life to people in need. In undertaking the task of this paper I was excited when I found a reference to King Athelstan. He established what is the first recorded almshouse – in York in the 10th Century. I also found that the oldest established charity still in existence is thought to be the Hospital of St. Oswald in Worcester, founded around 990. What I found disturbing is that even though the almshouses in Great Britain survive and thrive – after many adaptations to this day – the almshouses established in the United States evolved to become very bad places. ( website) In our text, we read that in the United States, human services were established and modeled according to the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601, and that the first principle laid down in the colonies defined poor relief as a public......

Words: 3058 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

The History of Emergency Medical Services

...Emergency Medical Services: The Evolution Behind the System Russell Keogler CED 595: Project Seminar May 3, 2011 Dr. Richard Gatteau Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine the evolutionary process of the emergency medical services system. The research explores the impact of war and prominent military figures on the development of emergency medical services as well as civilian efforts made to establish emergency services within the public sector. The research also discusses the ways in which major medical advancements and various reports and acts of legislation played a crucial part in the development of the modern day EMS system. Overall, results show that the EMS system as we know it today is a fairly modern creation based on centuries’ worth of ideas and discoveries. Introduction In modern day America the three digits 9-1-1 signify an accessible lifeline for individuals in need of emergency medical attention. The vast system is accessible from any telephone line and provides emergency services to even the most remote locations of the country. However, in spite of the simplistic process to initiate services, the emergency medical system is very complex. Thousands of independent agencies working in different capacities must coordinate efforts to insure that the system runs efficiently. Without effective cooperation by organizations the system would undeniably fail to meet the expectations of those calling for medical aid (Limmer &...

Words: 10277 - Pages: 42

Free Essay

Fire Service

...The fire service should be one of the best careers a person should have. Yes it is often a mystery why we running into burning buildings where other people are running out. It is a sense of bravery, determination and will. Firefighters always look forward to “slaying the dragon,” as fire is referred to in a fire house. But fire fighting in the south has taken a backseat to the new kid on the block which is medical calls. The bottom line is this a career in which people get into to help others and to provide the best outcome possible in dangerous situations whether it be a raging fire or a serious medical injury. The problem with this is the standard of excellence is starting to decline. The reason is due to the three factors I have note previously and I will look into explaining each. Lets first look into rookie firefighters. They are often new young men and women looking to develop their first career in life. They are fresh out of the fire academy, Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) school, Paramedic school or a combination of both. They are wet behind the eyes looking for guidance with hunger in their eyes. No wait that is what they should look like. Instead most of the time these individuals come into the service thinking they know everything at hand because they have been through school though they lack on the street experience. They are called Generation X. These Generation X individuals have a different outlook on self expectations and respect for authority.......

Words: 2292 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

The Evolution of Wire Services.

...Abstract This paper explores the origin of wire services, major new agencies providing those services, and the evolution of the service over its history. Wire services are necessary for the facilitation of news internationally. The methods of providing news from a wire service, or news agency, to other newspaper, periodical, radio, television, or other communication outlet has evolved throughout history. This paper explores the humble beginnings of wire services and highlights several of the major wire service providers, including Reuters, The Associated Press (AP), United Press International, Agence France Presse (AFP), and Bloomberg. The Evolution of Wire Services: Then and Now Wire services are integral components of international communication. Also referred to as a news agency, a wire service is an organization “that sends out syndicated news copy to subscribers by wire or by satellite transmission (Mish, 1997).” With origins dating back to the early 1850s (McPhail, 2010), wire services have not always conducted communication transfers with advanced technology like satellite transmissions. From telegraphy to teleprinters to radio, the process of getting news from a wire service to its dependent news and other providers has evolved substantially throughout the years. The conception and continued modernization of wire services can be attributed to various agency titans, including Reuters, The Associated Press (AP), United Press International, Agence France Presse......

Words: 3472 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

The Evolution of Fire Investigation

...The Evolution of Fire Investigation and Its Impact on Arson Cases Journal Article by Kevin Weitzel Arson investigation is an ever changing field of science and crime investigation. Arson investigators need to be highly educated in their field and unfortunately most are not properly educated resulting in many high profile cases being unfinished or citizens being wrongly convicted. This paper will cover an article by John J. Lentini discussing these topics. Fire investigation is a complex field of work that unfortunately is not drawing in college graduates because of its low pay scale. This in turn makes being a fire investigator just a matter of learning from the older more experienced fire investigators who they themselves were never properly educated. To quote Lentini (p. 1 2012) “The reality is that the fire investigation profession has within its ranks a large number of individuals who don’t know what they’re doing”. This is quite a disturbing thing to read, professional testimonies we rely on to send people away for 10, 20, or even 50 years in prison could be complete hacks, taught by hacks, and really have no idea what they’re doing but nobody else will question them either, which makes all of this a lot worse. In 1994, a group of scientists including John J. Lentini developed a position paper stating that an accelerate detecting canine (ADC) alert was in fact not suitable for a jury to hear but were in fact much more suitable as a means to prove probable cause......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Leadership Under Severe Stress in Fire Services

...Leadership Under Severe Stress in Fire Services Contents Introduction 1 Leadership 1 What is Leadership? 1 Theories of Leadership 2 1. Great Man Theory 2 2. Behavioral Theory 2 3. Participative Theory 2 4. Situational Leadership 2 5. Contingency Theory 2 6. Transactional Leadership 2 7. Transformational Leadership 2 Directive Leadership Theory 3 Supportive Leadership Theory 3 Situational Leadership Theory 3 Transformational Leadership Theory 3 Leadership in Fire Service 4 Who is an effective Leader? 5 Situational Leadership 6 Leadership under severe stress 6 What is Stress? 6 Acute stress 6 Episodic acute stress 6 Chronic stress 6 Kinds of situations in a fire service 6 Leadership under severe situations 7 Leadership Failure 7 Conclusion 7 Introduction Fire service is an organized body of people developed to rescue and help people in case of fire emergencies. A fire service, also known as fire brigade, acts as a savior of people’s lives and property. It includes fire fighters and volunteers as staff. Fire service department works both on public and private grounds. Saving lives is the main objective of this department. Firefighter also help people in situations other than emergency by giving them precautionary advice, setting fire alarms and adequate training in severe situation. All the work done by fire department runs on specific decision guidelines. In a decision guideline a firefighter is taught...

Words: 2758 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Evolution of Fire Fighters Ppe

...Fire fighter personnel protective equipment has evolved greatly over a short period of time. The advancement of personnel protective equipment has greatly improved the effectiveness of firefighting. It has helped ensure the safety of firefighters and made interior attacks possible. The evolution of PPE has also caused problems for firefighters. With this advance equipment firefighters feel safer and in turn go deeper and deeper into fires, taking unnecessary risks. The invention of SCBA has greatly changed the fire service. Before the SCBA was invented interior operations at a fire were virtually impossible. SCBA has become a necessary tool in firefighting. It enables firefighters to breath clean air in an otherwise contaminated environment. The SCBA has been improved since its invention. The SCBA harness has been fitted with a PASS device that detects movement and will signal other firefighters if no movement is detected. The SCBA is an essential tool that helps enable firefighters to find other fallen firefighters and allows successful interior attacks. Another improvement on the SCBA is the bottle. The first SCBA units used a steel bottle that was heavy and normally held enough air for thirty minutes. The common bottle now is constructed of carbon fiber which is a lot lighter than the steel bottle. Now bottles are being used that hold more air; this enables firefighters to work longer without having to leave the fire to get another bottle. These improvements on the......

Words: 1051 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

History and Evolution of Health Care Economics

...Economic Terms & Healthcare History Economic Terms & Healthcare History This paper will entail the history as well as the development of healthcare economics, and health care funding. The significance and how it affects the world today. I will address how the history and development of health care economics and the timeline of health care funding has changed over the past years in the United States. What is the Meaning of Evolution of Health Care Economics? Development of health care economics, it is a changing system within the United States. It has become multifaceted and in the past two decades, the upheaval in health care in is largely in lieu of rising health care cost. It is a discipline that deals with the conception, distribution, and all intakes of goods and services. Over the past years, it has dealt with pricing of products and the structure of the economy, as the price-cost relationship of a whole medical firm. It relates to an uncaring conversion, when a demand fails to increase or decrease in percentage to a decrease or increase in price. The adjustment involves the total health care market price of all the goods and services created within the form of a country during an identified time ("Gross domestic Product, " 2014). However, the evolution of health care economics deals with a broad and general aspect of an economy income and investments of the United States as a whole. The history and development of health care economics have...

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Evolution of Programs and Services

...Evolution of Programs and Services Vicki Sellers HCS/310 June 16, 2014 Geraldine O'Neal Evolution of Programs and Services For many generations, care of the elderly has continually been the responsibility of various family members. The elderly individual needing care would generally stay in the home of their children or other relatives until their death like some still do today. In various cultures such as that of the Chinese and Japanese, their traditions dictate that caring for the elderly whether it be a parent or an uncle or aunt is a matter of honor and a way to show respect to their elderly. In some countries, especially impoverished ones, the care of the elderly continues to fall on the family because they have no financial means to seek other methods of care or no services are available where they live. Fortunately for those who live in countries such as the U.S., Europe and Australia, there are many services available to aid in the care of the elderly which gives family members other options and assistance as needed. Caring for the elderly consists of many different factors and can at times be impossible for those wanting to provide care for their loved ones at home. Financial factors and health factors are two of the most significant issues that determine how the elderly are cared for. Other factors hinge on whether or not the family member providing care has space in their own home, is able to arrange their schedule to provide that care, or already......

Words: 1073 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hrm History and Evolution

...HRM The evolution of human resource management as a distinct profession dates back to the industrial revolution when factories established personnel departments to look into wages and welfare of workers. * slide 1 of 5 To understand the evolution of Human Resource Management, one must first understand its basis. The origins of workforce management lies in the arrangements made for the welfare of apprentices working with the master craftsmen in the putting out system that prevailed during the medieval ages. The industrial revolution that led to the establishment of factories displaced the putting out system. The workers in the early factories faced long hours of works under extremely unhygienic conditions, and mostly lived in slums. This soon resulted in several labor riots, the most famous being Ludds riots of 1811 in Nottingham, England, precipitated by reduced wages. The government soon intervened to provide basic rights and protections for workers, and the need to comply with such statutory regulations forced factory owners to set up a formal mechanism to look into workers wages and welfare, and redress other issues concerning labor. This led to the emergence of Personnel Management as a distinct profession. * The Personnel Management Approach The Personnel Management approach that remained in vogue for much of the 20th Century remained administrative in nature. Arising out of the need to enforce statutory compliance, it concerned itself primarily with ...

Words: 935 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History and Evolution of the Ict Industry in Zambia

...Dr. D. Banda HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF THE ICT INDUSTRY IN ZAMBIA. The first telephone exchange to be placed in Zambia was installed in Livingstone in 1913. The telephone circuit backbone infrastructure was developed in the major Zambian cities along the so called “line of rail”. The ‘line of rail’ spans from Livingstone through Lusaka to Copperbelt provinces. After the independence of Zambia in 1964, the country’s economy was based on socialistic principles until 1991. This means major that major business institutions and industries such as the mines, airlines, national railways, the post and the telecommunication were wholly or majority share owned by the government of the republic of Zambia. Therefore the Zambia Telecommunication company provided all telecommunication and postal services as a monopoly in the early years after Zambia attained independence. Liberalization of Zambian Economy In 1991, Zambia political terrain changed to a multiparty and democratic environment. The new government commanded a new liberalized economy where private participation in all spheres of the economy was to be maximized and government’s minimized and eventually phased out completely. In a major effort to liberalize the telecommunications industry, in 1994 the Zambian government passed the Telecommunications Act and Radio communications Act. This ushered a new era of private participation in the provision and operation of the telecommunication network and services. The......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

History and Evolution of Health Care Economics

...History and Evolution of Health Care Economics Kimberly Geeter HCS/440 March 28, 2011 Pranab Rout History and Evolution of Health Care Economics Health care economics have changed so much during the course of history. While a lot has to do with the evolutionary changes that the U.S. underwent since inception, the major factors that have influenced change in healthcare economic are medical care and technology. It is important to understand healthcare economic history, and the cash flow system, managers are able to use this information to help prepare the company for its future. It is very important to remember that the drive behind health care economics is money, money helps run health care organization and it’s the key to success “Who pays for what has changed dramatically in the past 60 years. Whereas in the past, the majority of individuals paid their medical bills with private funds, today insurance companies and other third parties cover the majority of payments, with individuals paying only a small fraction of the total flow of funds with private money” (Getzen & Moore, 2007, p. 3, para. 1). History shows that physicians would trade medical services for non-money items (such as cotton, grain, and livestock) as forms of payment if a patient was unable or couldn’t afford the services. As the US advanced in historical factors such as the World Wars, the Great Depression, and technology, a new system had to be used to help the U.S. population......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History of Evolution

...History of Evolution The word "evolution" in its broadest sense refers to change or growth that occurs in a particular order. Although this broad version of the term would include astronomical evolution and the evolution of computer design, this article focuses on the evolution of biological organisms. That use of the term dates back to the ancient Greeks, but today the word is more often used to refer to Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. This theory is sometimes crudely referred to as the theory of "survival of the fittest." It was proposed by Charles Darwin in On the Origin of Species in 1859 and, independently, by Alfred Wallace in 1858—although Wallace, unlike Darwin, said the human soul is not the product of evolution. Greek and medieval references to "evolution" use it as a descriptive term for a state of nature, in which everything in nature has a certain order or purpose. This is a teleological view of nature. For example, Aristotle classified all living organisms hierarchically in his great scala naturae or Great Chain of Being, with plants at the bottom, moving through lesser animals, and on to humans at the pinnacle of creation, each becoming progressively more perfect in form. It was the medieval philosophers, such as Augustine, who began to incorporate teleological views of nature with religion: God is the designer of all creatures, and everything has a purpose and a place as ordained by Him. In current times, to some, the terms "evolution"......

Words: 4509 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Sure Fire Techniques for Customer Service

...Everest University | Customer Service | Sure fire techniques for customer service | | Natashia Roberts | May 1 2016 | Professor, Andrea Millazzo Boban. MAR 2305-1 Customer Relations and Servicing | Customers with high expectations make a business better. The secret is to use a customer’s high expectations as an opportunity to maximize customer retention and improve service. In this assignment, consider how companies turn high expectations into exceptional customer service. Refer to Chapter 3 as you complete this part of assignment. 1. What are sure-fire techniques for providing superior customer service? In order to provide the highest level of customer service; the employee must enjoy working with the public. An employee must possess the ability to build a trusting business relationship with the consumer. They must know how to uncover the needs of a customer; as well as empathize, clarify, and handle challenging situations. They need to always have a positive attitude; handling a situation with a positive attitude would only end with a positive resolution. They must approach all customers with an open, and be able to tolerate different point of views, and most important be honest at all times. 2. What situations and practices might provide easy traps for inferior customer service? There are many different ways to lose a customer’s trust; and ways to make you, the employee look bad. Customer turn-offs are worse than saying no to a customer....

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

OBLIQ® iPhone 8/7/Plus [Flex Pro] TPU Leather Case SHOCKPROOF Slim Protective | Mar Gaye Oye Loko (2018) DVDScr Punjabi Movie Watch Online Free | تحميل XAPK