Free Essay

The Present and Forward

In: Historical Events

Submitted By pperdas
Words 1215
Pages 5
The Present and Forward

The Parthenon marbles are works of art taken from the Acropolis of Athens by Lord Elgin and brought to England while Greece was under the control of the Ottoman Empire.. Lord Elgin received permission from the Sultan to remove the statues at a price less than what it takes to transport them. Money was not the main motive for Elgin in acquiring them, there were wealthy bidders who attempted to buy them from him but he refused. Once in England many found a great interest in them as well as controversy. Elgin was tried for theft even though Greece's contemporary law had allowed him to remove them. The charges could not hold up in court and he was eventually and rightfully exonerated. After falling into dept Elgin had little choice in but to the British government. I firmly believe the statues should remain in Britain, the opposition might claim that the Greeks have a cultural right to them. But as Appiah argued in chapter 7, the Greeks of the 21st century are no culturally similar to the ancient Greeks than someone in the U.S. They are the descendents of the ancient Greeks after all, but that does not take history into account. The people of Greece only exist today as a result of the past good or bad. Ancient Greece is known for its militant and philosophical way of life; they gained large amounts of wealth from war; should the current Greeks return whatever they can identify as having been gained from war? I don't think they should, instead of living with the consequences of yesterday they should focus on the yet to be determined tomorrow. We cannot just go around returning everything we see as a wrong in the past. The United states or many nations for that matter would not be able to exist with that policy.
One of the reasons the statues should remain in England is due to the fact they were lawfully taken out of Greece. Once your land has been conquered all the accessories on it go to the victor or victors as well. They have a full right to decide on the future of anything that is on the land. After Germany surrendered at the end of World War 2, the allies owned and took control of everything, they believed this because they split the country into two since not all of them agreed on how to govern the loser. When the Ottoman occupied Greece they did the same and by rules of war owned everything in Greece. The law at the time allowed Elgin to take the Marbles to England at his request and even then he was still charged in England. Both laws maintained he did no wrong in removing them. The current standard of war rules is the Geneva Convention; it states” no personal property may be taken from civilian and if it is taken it will be confiscated until the rightful owner can be located”. The marbles belong to no single person; they belong to a culture which lived by the laws that the conqueror gets the spoils. And under current law they have no right to them at all and if we were to make new laws it would be ex post facto, most would agree that is unethical.
A second reason I am in favor of them remaining in England is the statute of limitation has passed on the return of the items. It has been way too long as I've said earlier. There would be no great reason for them to be returned now. Appiah argued that the only reason that could trump over where something belongs is if it has more meaning such as religion. Most people in Greece today are Catholic, Muslim or Christian. There are less than Three thousand members who practice the closest thing to the ancient religion, it’s called Hellenism. The Hellenists who would have the best argument when arguing on Apia’s terms have no more than a selfish reason for the statues. Certain things just should not be returned after enough time has passed, and to return would imply it was stolen and it was not. The Auschwitz sign was stolen in 2009 and found within two months. Had it been found two hundred years later, I could argue it should be returned because it is stolen under the current law and future laws could use this law as a basis for why it should have been returned or not.
Finally, the final reason I believe it should not be returned because aesthetically we are all equal. Since we all have an equal right aesthetically according to Appiah, it is my full right to argue it remains in England. If all people have the same right to one thing, I’d use quantity to determine who gets it. Greece has a population of 11 million while England has a population of 63 million, if one fifth of the English population can enjoy it, it would equal to Greece as a whole enjoying it. As for those outside of the country, England has 28.1 million tourists per year, many of which might want to visit the British museum and Greece has about 19 million visitors. In the end if we go by individual equality, Britain would win in most categories because they grossly outnumber Greece in the case of people who have a chance to see the work.
The other side might argue it is better for the set to be together, while that is true they are attempting to rewrite history. Nature took its course and as a result the marbles are in England. If we return the pieces than we are rewriting history because we are shaping it in the way we want to and not the way it played itself out. Passive action would be the best course because we are not messing with things in which we have no control over how they got here. If we could rationally feel guilt over having the statues than I would argue we return them. But any guilt feeling from the statues being in England are highly irrational because we had no control over how history before ourselves played out. And those in England might be descendents of the one’s those whose actions led to the marbles; they should not have to live with the burden of a family member who is long dead. As an American, you can’t stand for someone being punished because of their ancestors; the 8th amendment specifically prohibits that. In conclusion, I believe these reasons are enough to convince one that they should stay in Greece. The only defense they might have might be it feels wrong, if they are aware of mills they would know “That a feeling is bestowed on us by Nature, does not necessarily legitimate all its promptings.”. Feelings are not always the best way to make an argument and a rational mind is necessary in most cases.

Citations :
Chapter 5

On the Connection between Justice and Utility.- Mills http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8420053.stm- Autzwitz sign stolen
Appiah- Chapter 7
Wikipedia on history of Greece,
Cia World fact book…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Pay It Forward

...One of my favorite figures, Ralph Waldo Emerson, wisely wrote, “In the order of nature we cannot render benefits to those from whom we receive them, or only seldom. But the benefit we receive must be rendered again, line for line, deed for deed, cent for cent, to somebody” and this is exactly what “paying it forward” is. Kant says that morality is not just doing the right thing by helping other people, but doing it for the right reasons as well: simply because it is the right thing to do. He holds true that for an action to be moral, it must be done out of a principle which can be applied to everyone equally, a maxim that can be willed to become a universal law. The movie and the book, Pay it Forward, progressively rises towards the moral standards of Kant as the characters come to understand the meaning of this movement and their duty to the world. I saw a bumper sticker the other day that said, “Think globally, act locally.” That is what the kids in Mr. Simonet’s class are really being assigned to do and that is what the Pay it Forward movement demonstrates. We are all connected to each other. The world may be broken but in watching and helping those around us for the right reason, the benefits spread worldwide. Kant agrees that the world is broken, that the human condition is flawed or Trevor in the beginning says, “the world is shit.” Trevor looks at all the bad around him; the trailer homes, the bullies, all the starving homeless people. His mom is a drunk and working......

Words: 3169 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Pay It Forward

...what could I do? I didn’t know the man, his situation, or what he may possibly need. And then I had a thought. Since it seemed so exciting for the little boy to be there, and so very nerve-racking for the elderly gentleman, I would purchase a gift card for the two of them to enjoy a stress free meal. I leaned forward and asked the lady if the man and boy came in there often. She explained to me that they come in once in a while but that she had not seen them for some time. I told the lady that I wanted to purchase a gift card for the man and his young friend to lift his spirits. The cashier looked at me with a bewildered look in her eyes and a heavy glaze that reflected the outside sunlight streaming through the window behind me. She handed me a menu card and a pencil. I turned, and began to make my way to their table. As I walked over towards their table, I began to gather my thoughts together so that I did not offend the older gentleman with my offer. Both the boy and the man were in silence taking in their meal. It was obvious that they were both very hungry. The man caught a glimpse of me in his peripheral vision and looked up in my direction. I stepped forward, introduced myself and shook his rough hand. Looking down, I noticed that there was some dried cement on his pant leg and boot. I have done some cement work so I knew just how hard it was to work in that industry. I thought to myself, “He has cement on his clothing and his hand is extremely rough. He must be a......

Words: 1377 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Pay It Forward

...What do you do when someone does you a favor? Instead of paying him back, Trevor Mckinney tells you to pay it forward. Pay It Forward stars Haley Joel Osment (The Sixth Sense) as 7th grader Trevor McKinney, the son of an alcoholic and single mother Arlene (Helen Hunt, What Women Want, Cast Away). Eugene Simonet (Kevin Spacey, American Beauty) is Trevor's unconventional Social Studies teacher who gives his class an unexpected assignment at their first meeting: "Think of an idea to change the world and put it into action." Simonet wants his pupils not only to know current events but also to think of making a difference in society. Trevor comes up with an idea: he will do an act of kindness to three people and instead of being paid back with gratitude, he will ask each recipient to pay it forward to three more people. They in turn must pay another good deed to three other people, and so on. Trevor works on a homeless man, his teacher Simonet, and his classmate Adam. Four months later, a reporter's (Jay Mohr) car crashes while on a beat and a stranger gives him his Jaguar to keep. The reporter tries to find out why anyone would do such thing and was told to simply "pay it forward." Leslie Dixon's screenplay based on Catherine Ryan Hyde's novel is a powerful story. Director Mimi Leder (Deep Impact) is Steven Spielberg's protégé and shows the same ability of maintaining the balance in creating realism without falling into melodrama. The lead characters are fully developed and......

Words: 861 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Policy Implication and the Way Forward

...Asian J Gerontol Geriatr 2012; 7: 59–63 Policy implication and the way forward WM Chan FHKAM(Community Medicine) Elderly Health Service, Department of Health, Hong Kong SPECIAL ARTICLE Correspondence to: Dr Wai Man Chan, Elderly Health Service, Department of Health, Hong Kong. E-mail: w_m_chan@dh.gov.hk ABSTRACT Care for the elderly was one of the 3 main policy objectives of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in 1997. Many policy initiatives have been introduced in terms of financial support, better housing, and long-term care services. For active ageing, an innovative project known as the ‘Elder Academy’ aimed at promoting intergenerational cohesion, which is now under threat owing to changing social patterns. With the rapid increase in the number of ‘old-olds’, more resources on dementia care, community support, professional staff development, carer training, and coordination of care are necessary. In terms of financing, shared responsibility is the only viable option. In the 2012-13 budget speech, a pilot for community care service voucher as a means of promoting ageing at home was announced. As the coming cohorts of elders are more affluent and knowledgeable, they tend to be healthier and have different demands and expectations, such as independent living with better quality of life. The private sector may explore the markets of community care services and elder-oriented products. To meet the emerging needs, a holistic approach should be adopted,......

Words: 3596 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Forward Pricing

...investment portfolio. The trader can buy the commodity for $950 per ounce and sell it for $949 per ounce. The trader can borrow funds at 6% per year and invest funds at 5.5% per year. (Both interest rates are expressed with annual compounding.) For what range of one-year forward prices does the trader have no arbitrage opportunities? Assume there is no bid–offer spread for forward prices. Utilizing the generalized equation Fo = Soe^rT I came up with a range of no arbitrage opportunities. If the Forward price was high, the trader could borrow $950 to buy 1 ounce of gold and then enter into a forward contract to sell the gold in one year. This would result in Fo = $950e(0.06)(1) = $1008. Therefore the profit would be Fo – $1008. So this venture would only be profitable if Fo is greater than $1008. If Fo is low, the trader could sell the asset, gold for $949 at 5.5% and then enter into a forward contract to repurchase the gold for Fo. The profit for this venture is just the reverse of the equation used above, where $949e(0.055)(1) – Fo = $1002. Therefore so this venture would only be profitable if Fo is less than $1002. Therefore our no arbitrage window is $1008 < Fo < $1002. Simply put if the forward price is between $1008 and $1002 there is no arbitrate opportunity. The listed solution to the problem did not use the given equation in the book, and so listed a slightly different no arbitrage window of $1007 and $1001. I used the book equation since that was......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Paying It Forward

...Pay It Forward: Paying for a Meal Brandi K. Keller PSY/490 October 27, 2014 Edna Foster Pay It Forward: Paying for A Meal Paying it forward is an act that allows a person to do a good deed, without anything feelings or other actions in return. The phrase was first read in the 1916 book ‘Garden of Delight’ by Lily Hardy Hammond, and again seen in the movie ‘Pay it Forward’ in 2000. The movie and the phrase “pay it forward” is society’s way of describing Altruism. Altruism is the belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others. Within the following paragraphs the comparison of the respective roles of altruism, personal and professional social responsibility, and codependency will be presented. A description of how altruism applies to psychology or psychological principles will be addressed. A description of how altruism improves the human condition, and whether or not there are limits to altruism will also be discussed. Personal and professional responsibilities related to altruism will also be addressed. The future of psychology, specifically in relation to altruism, in contemporary society will also be presented. The Comparison of the Respective Roles of Altruism, Personal and Professional Social Responsibility, and Codependency Pure altruism is giving without expecting something in return or some form of compensation (Landrum, & Davis, 2010). Not like altruism, which is a genuine and unselfish thought for people other......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Moving Forward

...Moving Forward There were eight study modules and I completed all of the modules. They were quite easy. Time management was one that I could relate to because I need to learn how to use my time management skills. Copying with stress is another one; if you deal with stress you should be ok. Sometimes stress can take an effect on a person if there not careful, learning to deal stress is hard some times. Getting the proper exercise can help you to cope with stress and other issues you may have. Concentrating when you read and study is another Module. Having a good place to read and study make a difference in a students will being. If you don’t have a good place to study you can get distracted easily. Make sure you turn off your cell phone so that you want get distracted. Getting the most from your reading, Rehearsal strategies, Effective note taking, Study smarter, and Prepare for taking exams are the rest of the Modules. Understanding these study skills can help you to make better grades and this will help you to become a better student. The modules were pretty easy to work through. I watched mostly all the video and skimmed threw the html Modules. I will keep this module in mind because I have a stressful life but I try to ignore the stress. I started on time management first, and then I went down the row until I finished them up. I had the same learning style, I used these skills to my advantage when I was working threw them. Using these study skills......

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Pay It Forward

...Pay It Forward Jacob Martinez BSCOM/100 January 19, 2015 Professor Mary Lee Cunill Pay It Forward Building an environment of teamwork pays off in the world of retail. A group of seven sales personnel remind me how effective teamwork can be. Companies are focusing more on teamwork, stating that by “cultivating our team, we inspire longevity and provide a path for the company’s growth” (Elting, 2011). Working together towards a common goal brought success to the company and the team. Listed are a few tips that I have learned through this experience. Talking Without Speaking During high school, I worked as a retail salesman at a popular clothing store. Luckily, I discovered that I had a gift to sell. I managed to do so well that I was promoted to supervisor after only six months of working part time. Many different responsibilities were given to me with the promotion. The one I focused on the most was the direct supervision of the same seven employees that I would battle against for the “commission” that came from a sale. After my promotion, I wondered whether or not the flow of communication would be polluted by emotional or mental noise. Some of the employees had very colorful outlooks on the management team at the time. We were well past the orientation phase of getting to know each other and the task at hand. In my first meeting before the store opened, I reinforced that I nor the task at hand where any different than the day before. I reminded the sales team......

Words: 785 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Currency Forward

...Currency Forward DEFINITION OF 'CURRENCY FORWARD' A binding contract in the foreign exchange market that locks in the exchange rate for the purchase or sale of a currency on a future date. A currency forward is essentially a hedging tool that does not involve any upfront payment. The other major benefit of a currency forward is that it can be tailored to a particular amount and delivery period, unlike standardized currency futures. Currency forward settlement can either be on a cash or a delivery basis, provided that the option is mutually acceptable and has been specified beforehand in the contract. Currency forwards are over-the-counter (OTC) instruments, as they do not trade on a centralized exchange. Also known as an “outright forward.” INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'CURRENCY FORWARD' Unlike other hedging mechanisms such as currency futures and options contracts – which require an upfront payment for margin requirements and premium payments, respectively – currency forwards typically do not require an upfront payment when used by large corporations and banks. However, a currency forward has little flexibility and represents a binding obligation, which means that the contract buyer or seller cannot walk away if the “locked in” rate eventually proves to be adverse. Therefore, to compensate for the risk of non-delivery or non-settlement, financial institutions that deal in currency forwards may require a deposit from retail investors or smaller firms with whom they do not have a...

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Present Value

...Present Value Exercise Part 1: Present Value Problems 1. FV = 2,500 x (1 + .14)^6 = 2,500 x (1.14)^6 = 2,500 x 2.19 = $5,475 2. PV = 10,000/(1 + .12)^5 = 10,000/(1.12)^5 = 10,000/1.76 = $5,681.82 3. PV = 52,500/(1 + .06)^4 = 52,500/(1.06)^4 = 52,500/1.26 = $41,667 4. PV = 13,000/(1 + 0.10)^3 = 13,000/(1.10)^3 = 13,000/1.331 = $9,767.09 Part 2: Contribution Margin Problems 1. 54,000/10 - 6 = 54,000/4 = 13,500 2. (10 – 6)/10 = 4/10 = 0.4 3. 54,000/0.4 = $135,000 4. 60,000 = 10x – 54,000 – 6x = 4x = x = 114,000/4 = x = 28,500 Part 3: Research Report • Personal savings is current disposable personal income less personal expenditures. Voluntary savings is money deposited in post offices, banks, LIC , Chit finds, shares, mutual funds and other such institution. The rates of interests vary depending on the institutions. It is fixed according to the time period of the deposited amount. And contractual savings is savings in the form of regular payments for long-term investment. • European Union is 28 member states who make decision at the European level to help raise citizens’ living standard, launched European currency and building Europe-wide free market for goods, services, people and capital. The current members: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,......

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Pay It Forward

...Pay It Forward Danielle R. Wyatt PSY / 490 Instructor: Stephanie Towns 11/23/15 Pay It Forward Random and anonymous acts of kindness happen every day within society, but not always are they noticed. Taking pride in doing something anonymous means more than gloating or bragging amongst others about the "good deed" that you did yet you demand notation for it. By expecting gratitude from others, that overrides the true meaning of paying it forward. This author gets up rather early to make her morning commute to work every day which is a little over an hour away and every morning she stops into a local fast food chain for morning coffee. This particular morning there was an older gentleman standing next to his motorcycle with his head down and a sign that read "out of gas". This author went inside for her usual coffee (with extra espresso booster) and bought this gentleman a coffee and a breakfast as well. After the order was ready she went outside and handed it to the gentleman as well as asking the man to come over to the gas station so that she could fill up his tank. Now, let it be known that no one was around and perhaps a chance was being taken at 0330 in the morning, but it was a chance that needed to be taken on this day. The gentleman let a few tears escape before he explained his situation and expressing his gratitude. It was a heartwarming and eye opening experience. The gentleman asked what he could ever do to repay me, now we both knew that the odds of our......

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Thinking Forward

...Desmond Scott Professor Barley English-1A 16 June 2016 Thinking Forward The question is to have or to have not, to become or succumb, to thrive or to survive. The United States is an interesting case of the “haves” and the “have nots” considering it’s one of the wealthiest nations in the world and yet there are still those who sleep on the street. Bambara’s illustration in “The Lesson” serves as an exposé on the mentality, self-esteem, and environment primarily of the “have nots.” The pivotal point in the story is that the children are introduced to a new, yet profound truth. That truth is this: There’s more to life than just the ‘hood. Though the story took place roughly 4 decades ago it’s quite obvious that there are still inequalities in America. A general explanation of this issue would be that we still have an upper-class, middle-class, working-class, and lower-class which indicates the unequal distribution of wealth. However, as it relates to this particular story despite the main inequality of in the story, Bambara presents a dichotomy of two different groups of people with two different realities colliding head-on. When Sugar says “You know, Miss Moore I don’t think all of us here put together eat in a year what that sailboat costs.”(Bambara 7) She indicates that she and the other kids live in a reality where their families live paycheck to paycheck and to even think of something a nice as F.A.O. Schwarz is a pipe dream. On the other hand, Ms. Moore lives in a......

Words: 1413 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Pay It Forward

...Pay It Forward Wendy Easton March 12, 2012 PSY 490 Radha S. Shanker, Ph.D. Pay it Forward Philosophers for centuries have debated if a prosocial act regardless of the degree of generosity or unselfishness the act may appear on its surface exists genuinely altruistic (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). People who volunteer to work at the local food closet may do so based on a genuine desire to help other people or to assist in alleviating a personal anxiety. I believe altruism exists and will provide a personal example to support this belief. In addition, I will explain further altruism, how it relates to psychology, and to personal, professional, and social responsibilities, and its effect on the future of psychology. Personal Experience Summary My life as I perceive it exists busy; consequently, I reside perpetually behind schedule. However, I do make time to drop food and personal hygiene items off and visit with the managers of the local food bank the first Wednesday of every month. The individuals and families that enter the building are each gracious and grateful for the food and other products offered. I have never witnessed any person display embarrassment for the need for assistance, in fact, I had not thought about that emotion until this assignment. Each person I have encountered either dropping off or in need have resided authentically friendly and appreciative. Genuinely, I do not believe that any person possesses expectations. Consequently, I do......

Words: 933 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Pay It Forward

...Pay It Forwards “Pay it forward” is not only a movie but also a thinking of little boy which talks about Trevor’s life and his assignment. Trevor is eleven years old, in seventh grade, and studying in social studies. He lives with his mom who is an alcoholic, has two jobs. On the first day at school, his professor, Mr. Simonet gives his class an extra credit assignment for the year. Mr. Simonet asks the class, “What does the world want from you?” Trevor answers, “Nothing.” Mr. Simonet replies, “You are absolutely right, you are in seventh grade you can’t drive, can’t vote, heck you can’t even go to the bathroom without a pass from me, but not forever, one day you will be free.” He continues, “But what if on that day your free, you haven’t prepared you are not ready and then you look around and you don’t like what the world is. What if the world is just a big disappointment?” One of the kids in the class replies, “We’re screwed!” Mr. Simonet says, “Unless, you take the things you don’t like about this world and you flip them upside down on their ass. You can start that today. This is your assignment extra credit it goes on all year long.” On the board written in chalk it says: Think of an idea to change our world and put it into Action! Everyone in the class complains about how weird, strange, and hard it is. Mr. Simonet then very slowly replies, “How about possible, it’s possible. The realm of possibility exists in each of you. So you can do it or you can just sit......

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Forward Style Inc

...MEMORANDUM To: Forward Style Inc. Management Team From: Jennifer Winter, Human Resource Management Subject: Evaluation of Rewards Program Date: August 27, 2010 Forward Style Inc. is a marketing company with 65 employees. The following memo provides an evaluation of the organization’s current rewards program. Some benefits are mandated by law. Other benefits, although not mandated by law, are subject to government regulations. The evaluation addresses legal requirements and how the offered rewards affect the organization’s ability to retract and retain key employees. Social Insurance Social Security benefits, mandated by law, are financed by both the employer and employee. Employer’s payroll tax equals 6.2% and employees’ equals 4.2% through 2012 (IRS, 2012). The maximum taxable earnings amount is $110,100. The Medicare tax rate is 1.45% for both employers and employees. There is no limitation for taxable earnings on Medicare taxes. Because mandated by law, Forward Style Inc. does not have influence in design of this benefit. Unemployment Insurance also mandated by law is financed by federal and state taxes on employers. The Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA) rate for 2012 is 6% on the first $7,000 of each employee’s wages. Employers may claim a credit against their FUTA tax for contributions paid under state statutes, up to 5.4% of wages paid. New Mexico’s wages subject to tax is up to $22,400. The minimum rate is 0.05% to 5.4% in 2012 (Tax Policy Center,......

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5

A. MICHELSEN 1970 Christmas Spoon 6.5 Denmark Sterling Silver~Goldwash~Enamel | وثائقي | Bonehill Road