Water Management

In: Social Issues

Submitted By adityahot143
Words 2549
Pages 11
NOTE ON 24x7 WATER SUPPLY

THE CURRENT SITUATION IN INDIA
Due to the rise in economy and the increase in migration to cities there is tremendous increase in water demand in recent years in urban areas and this is bound to grow in times to come. Piped water systems have been setup by the Government in most cities. The water supply in most Indian cities is intermittent i.e. a few hours per day, pressure is irregular, and the water is of questionable quality. No major Indian city has a 24 hour supply of water, with 4 to 5 hours of supply per day being the norm. State Governments in India are responsible for choosing urban tariff structures, and the result is wide variety in pricing practices. Currently in states where water and sanitation responsibilities have been legally transferred to ULBs, the reality has been that the ULBs have not become fully empowered, for instance: * The state retains responsibility for the appointment of key staff, who are often employees of centralized state organizations; * Decision making and implementation for capital expenditure remains largely under state control; * Key decisions on tariff remain at the state level; and * Arrangements for fiscal transfers between state and ULBs are complex, and do not provide incentives for improved financial performance.
In effect, responsibility for the services is split between the ULB and the state. Inevitably, there is role confusion and a lack of overall accountability to the consumer. There is clearly a need to put in place a simple, less ambiguous relationship between the states and ULBs.
As a result water distribution system that is operated intermittently can neither be efficiently nor effectively managed. * Supply management cannot be practiced, that is, controlling the amount of water produced and distributed through the practice of active leakage detection, pressure…...

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